Does Islam make/suggest any distinction/restriction by caste when it comes to making alliances (finding a partner for marriage)? Additionally, does it allow or even mention about caste?
Does Islam make/suggest any distinction/restriction by caste when it comes to finding a partner for marriage?
The Holy Prophet (pbuh) asks us to marry the most religious woman.
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, "A woman is married for four things, i.e., her wealth, her lineage (family status), her beauty and her religion. So you should marry the religious woman (otherwise) you will be a losers. Sahih Al-Bukhari Volume 7, Book 62, Hadith 27.
As you see, in the above Hadith, It is the religion that matters, not family status (which, in modern times can be called caste), wealth or anything else. Even the people who are invited to the marriage should not be distincted.
Narrated Abu Huraira: The worst food is that of a wedding banquet to which only the rich are invited while the poor are not invited. And he who refuses an invitation (to a banquet) disobeys Allah and His Apostle . Volume 7, Book 62, Hadith 106
So, Islam doesn't condemn any inter-caste marriage. The only ground at which a marriage proposal can be rejected is the taqwa (religoiusness and righteousness).
Does Islam allow or even mention about caste?
Allah has divided us into tribes so we may know each other, not to fight and discriminate. If a man is noble and superior to another, it is only through righteousness and taqwa.
O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted. Qur'an 49:13.
ۚ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ (And Allah is the All-Knower, the Wise)
I would also like to add to the above very good answer to this question is that any kind of division among Muslim is haram. So dividing yourself among different caste is also Haram.
As mentioned in Quran, IN Surat Al Anaam. Chapter 6, Verse 159.
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ فَرَّقُوا دِينَهُمْ وَكَانُوا شِيَعًا لَسْتَ مِنْهُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ ۚ إِنَّمَا أَمْرُهُمْ إِلَى اللَّهِ ثُمَّ يُنَبِّئُهُمْ بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْعَلُونَ
Indeed, those who have divided their religion and become sects - you, [O Muhammad], are not [associated] with them in anything. Their affair is only [left] to Allah ; then He will inform them about what they used to do.
Nowadays no parents are ready to get a groom on seeing the person belief towards Allah.They see only the status it only applicable to this temporary world not to the permanent world (Janna).I would like to tell one thing to all men and women think about ur life in Janna and take decision of your marriages. The wealth that can't be taken towards the permanent world (Janna)
Im from Kerala state Malappuram district in kerala Malappuram district is the district which majority of Muslims are living. In Islam is strictly prohibited cast system but in kerala there is a cast they are known as Barber family. At the time of marriage other family's guys didn't take girl from barber family they don't give girl to barber family if they guy is much qualified and having high profile job. It mostly happening where majority of muslims are living side while compared with other state.