Is Zina only used for illicit relations between a man and a woman or is it also used to refer to sexual relations between two men?
Homosexuality is an invention of the 19th century. Before the 19th century people had words for specific sexual acts, but did not have words for forms of so-called sexual orientation. The Arabic word lūṭī لوطي refers to the city of Lot (Sodom in the Bible); for the practice of the people of Sodom Arabic uses the derived noun liwāṭ لواط , which is the exact equivalent of the English “sodomy”. liwāṭ, as defined by Islamic law, is a specific sexual act: anal intercourse between men. It does not designate a “sexual orientation” and it thus wrong to translate it as “homosexuality”. For the latter modern Arabic has coined the word mithliyya مثلية “sameness”.
The term Prophet Loot used was Fahisha:
وَلُوطًا إِذْ قَالَ لِقَوْمِهِ أَتَأْتُونَ الْفَاحِشَةَ مَا سَبَقَكُم بِهَا مِنْ أَحَدٍ مِّنَ الْعَالَمِينَ
And Lot when he said to his people, "Do you commit such immorality [faahishat] as no one has preceded you with from among the worlds? Surah al-Araf 7:80
It matters on what context you use the term. If it's used generally, then includes all perverted acts and zina falls under it.
But if you mention zina and fahisha separately, it applies to other acts that aren't actual sex.
1your answer is wrong, fahisha is not just homosexuality, it's all bad things like homo, adultery, lie. اللَّهُمَّ أَلِّفْ بَيْنَ قُلُوبِنَا، وَأَصْلِحْ ذَاتَ بَيْنِنَا، وَاهْدِنَا سُبُلَ السَّلَامِ، وَنَجِّنَا مِنَ الظُّلُمَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ، وَجَنِّبْنَا الْفَوَاحِشَ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ، وَبَارِكْ لَنَا فِي أَسْمَاعِنَا، وَأَبْصَارِنَا، وَقُلُوبِنَا، وَأَزْوَاجِنَا، وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا، وَتُبْ عَلَيْنَا إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ،. the exact term for homosexuality is liwat– user8449Oct 25, 2014 at 8:28
Makouda, friend, please add your comment as answer with reference. It will be very helpful :) Oct 25, 2014 at 9:58
1Liwat is an Arab cultural term and not mentioned in the Quran. It can also apply between a man and woman. I also already mentioned Fahisha has a general meaning. Read my post fully before replying.– SayyidOct 25, 2014 at 23:38
According to my researches, Zina is related to the relation between a man and a women, not two men. On the other hand, I ought to mention that the relation between two men is related to homosexuality.
In regard to Zina, it is likewise better name four kinds of Zina briefly:
Zina with Maharem
Zina to the Onf
But as I read the four kinds of Zina, I solely see that those four kinds of Zina are related to the relation between man and woman (but in different position..) not the relation between two men. So the relation between two men is called Lavaat (لواط), not Zina.