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Hadith 110, from Sahih al-Bukhari is narrated by Abu Hurraira; and he had said:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, "Name yourselves with my name (use my name) but do not name yourselves with my Kunya name (i.e. Abul Qasim). And whoever sees me in a dream then surely he has seen me for Satan cannot impersonate me. And whoever tells a lie against me (intentionally), then (surely) let him occupy his seat in Hell-fire."

What is meant by the Kunya name? And why does the Prophet (pbuh) say that his Kunya name is Abul Qasim?

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Abul Qasim means father of Qasim which Was our prophet(SAW) son's name. So the prophet is sayingyou can be named Muhammad, But don't be named abul qasim because he is the father of qasim not another person

  • It sounds almost like a piece of humour; was the prophet (pbuh) known for having one? – Mozibur Ullah Aug 28 '14 at 1:05
  • What do you mean piece of humor? – Muslims R Awesome Aug 28 '14 at 1:07
  • I mean that it soulnds like humour; now that I know what a Kuna name is; its seems difficult to believe that anyone would wish to adopt his Kunya name; it only seems possible if he also had a son called Qasim. Perhaps because of the prestige and honour that the Prophet was held in people were already adopting 'Muhammed' & 'Abu Qasim' as names; and theProphet (pbuh) was simply permitting the first and forbidding the second. – Mozibur Ullah Aug 28 '14 at 1:28
  • Ya i guess thats true, – Muslims R Awesome Aug 28 '14 at 1:31
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The word Kunya كنية is honor to a person. It is specially used for women to not let her name disclosed, like umm for mother and abu for father.source

Kunya can also be used if you don't have child, i.e. Abu Hureyra but he didn't have any child with name of Hureyra. Hureyra means kitten and Abu Hureyra had a kitten and he loved it, our prophet (ﷺ) usually saw him with kitten and one day our Prophet (ﷺ) called him Abu Hureyra means father of kitten.

This is another thing that our Prophet (ﷺ) restricted us from using own Kunya. It can be personal reason. The following Hadith gives another restriction,

While the Prophet (ﷺ) was in the market, a man called (somebody), "O Abu-l-Qasim!' The Prophet (ﷺ) turned to him and said "Name yourselves after me but do not call yourselves by my Kuniya." Sahih al-Bukhari 3537 - Book 61, Hadith 46

The person who was called had a son with name Qasim but our Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) restricted him not to call by my Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) Kunya despite having child with name Qasim.

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