In the Qu'ran, Shaytan is mentioned as Ibles and Shaytan. Why does he have more than one name, and what do they mean?
Although the question doesn't have a specific answer (I'll mention the reason below), I will try to make this one clear enough.
First to know is generally (not specific to Quran) that:
- Ibles is the Grand Shaytan, he is a Jinn, and the first one of all Shaytans. He is the one who disobeyed Allah's order to him to prostrate (يسجد) to Adam (PBUH), while
- Shaytan is every unbeliever Jinn (i.e, Kafer كافر of Jinn), and so Ibles is one of them.
Now it's argued whether Ibles is the Father of Jinn (just like Adam is the father of Humans), or he is the father of only Shaytans and not the whole Jinn, or he is the father of neither, I will not discuss this here (and I don't have enough proofs to any viewpoint).
Now that's for generally speaking, BUT FOR Quran there is a specification. In fact in Quran, that rule doesn't apply, as the word "Shaytan" is mentioned sometimes with the meaning of Ibles, and some other times in the meaning of all Shaytans (i.e, Shaytan Kind).
For example, in this Aya, the word الشيطان (Shaytan) means the whole Shaytan Kind, as Ibrahim (PBUH) tells his father not to worship Shaytans (written Satan in the translation):
يَا أَبَتِ لَا تَعْبُدِ الشَّيْطَانَ ۖ إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ كَانَ لِلرَّحْمَٰنِ عَصِيًّا
O my father, do not worship Satan. Indeed Satan has ever been, to the Most Merciful, disobedient.
Whereas in this aya, the word الشيطان (Shaytan) means Ibles himself, because he was mentioned before two Ayat (in this aya), so the word in the following Aya refers to Ibles himself (in fact this has an Arabic Language side, as well):
فَأَزَلَّهُمَا الشَّيْطَانُ عَنْهَا فَأَخْرَجَهُمَا مِمَّا كَانَا فِيهِ ۖ وَقُلْنَا اهْبِطُوا بَعْضُكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّ ۖ وَلَكُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ مُسْتَقَرٌّ وَمَتَاعٌ إِلَىٰ حِينٍ
But Satan caused them to slip out of it and removed them from that [condition] in which they had been. And We said, "Go down, [all of you], as enemies to one another, and you will have upon the earth a place of settlement and provision for a time."
So, we conclude that:
- Shaytan is a word that refers to any unbeliever Jinn, i.e, to a kind of the Jinn.
- Ibles is a name of the first Shaytan (who disobeyed Allah's order to him to prostrate to Adam), he himself has only one (known) name, it's Ibles.
- In Quran, the word Shaytan sometimes refers to all Shaytans, and some other times it refers to Ibles himself, it depends on the context. (and that's why the question doesn't have a specific answer, you should specify an Aya in order to give an answer specific to that Aya).
Hope that's clear enough.
This answer depends on this fatwa and many other ones.
Iblees is the Arabic word for the devil iblees is in the Quran so Arabs would understand who the devil was. Shaytan has appeared in the books that Allah sent down even before the Quran, so shaytan is the original name for the devil and iblees is the Arabic interpertation.
Iblees comes from the arabic word balasa بَلَسَ which means despair and iblees would literally mean one who causes despair. Shaytan would be equivilant to satan which means one who obstructs, or opposes.
In the Quran when Allah says iblees its definitely the devil, when Allah says shaytan it may refer to the devil, an evil creature, whether it be human or jinn, or the shaytans minions.
According to this page,
Iblis literally means, "who with no hope of hayr, who abandon hope from Allah's rahmat (mercy)." It is given as a name to who didn't bow before Adam and being expelled from Allah's rahmat. That page also mentions it's name was originally Azazil, but fails to mention reference for this claim.
Shaytan literally means "who is away from Hakk." and as a concept it is general name for anything which is away from correct way.
As a conclusion, Iblis is shaytan, but not every shaytan is Iblis. Iblis is a proper name, while shaytan is a general concept.
Bi'Issmillahir Rahmanir Rahim, In easy & simple way, "IBBLISS" is the one senior among jinh who disobey the command from ALLAH & the Shaitan are those who follow the path shown by IBBLISS either they are from INSAAN or from JINNAT. ----Ehhdina Assirattal Musstakim, Siraat Al Lajjina An Aammta Aalaihim.----