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What is the origin of fasting during the holy month of Ramadan?
Is it related to the war of Karbala anyway?

  • 1
    What made you think there is connection with Karbala? – Muhammad Hasan Khan Jul 23 '12 at 9:04
  • I have heard Imam Hasan and Husain fasted during the war. that made me think. – Inshan Jul 23 '12 at 9:08
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    According to generally accepted histories Imam Hasan was not alive at the time of the war. – Bhribayli Jul 23 '12 at 9:13
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    May I ask the reason of downvote? – Inshan Jul 23 '12 at 14:37
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Origin is Qur'an:

Surat Al-Baqarah: 2/183, Surat Al-Baqarah: 2/185 and Surat Al-Baqarah: 2/187

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ ﴿البقرة: ١٨٣﴾

O believers, prescribed for you is the Fast, even as it was prescribed for those that were before you -- happily you will be god fearing -- Surat Al-Baqarah: 2/183

شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِي أُنزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ هُدًى لِّلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَاتٍ مِّنَ الْهُدَىٰ وَالْفُرْقَانِ فَمَن شَهِدَ مِنكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ وَمَن كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ بِكُمُ الْيُسْرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ الْعُسْرَ وَلِتُكْمِلُوا الْعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُوا اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ مَا هَدَاكُمْ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ ﴿البقرة: ١٨٥﴾

the month of Ramadan, wherein the Qu'ran was sent down to be a guidance to the people, and as clear signs of the Guidance and the Salvation. So let those of you, who are present at the month, fast it; and if any of you be sick, or if he be on a journey, then a number of other days; Allah desires ease for you, and desires not hardship for you; and that you fulfill the number, and magnify Allah that He has guided you, and happily you will be thank. Surat Al-Baqarah: 2/185

أُحِلَّ لَكُمْ لَيْلَةَ الصِّيَامِ الرَّفَثُ إِلَىٰ نِسَائِكُمْ هُنَّ لِبَاسٌ لَّكُمْ وَأَنتُمْ لِبَاسٌ لَّهُنَّ عَلِمَ اللَّهُ أَنَّكُمْ كُنتُمْ تَخْتَانُونَ أَنفُسَكُمْ فَتَابَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَعَفَا عَنكُمْ فَالْآنَ بَاشِرُوهُنَّ وَابْتَغُوا مَا كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا حَتَّىٰ يَتَبَيَّنَ لَكُمُ الْخَيْطُ الْأَبْيَضُ مِنَ الْخَيْطِ الْأَسْوَدِ مِنَ الْفَجْرِ ثُمَّ أَتِمُّوا الصِّيَامَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ وَلَا تُبَاشِرُوهُنَّ وَأَنتُمْ عَاكِفُونَ فِي الْمَسَاجِدِ تِلْكَ حُدُودُ اللَّهِ فَلَا تَقْرَبُوهَا كَذَٰلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ آيَاتِهِ لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَّقُونَ ﴿البقرة: ١٨٧﴾

Permitted to you, upon the night of the Fast, is to go in to your wives; -- they are a vestment for you, and you are a vestment for them. Allah knows that you have been betraying yourselves, and has turned to you and pardoned you. So now lie with them, and seek what Allah has prescribed for you. And eat and drink, until the white thread shows clearly to you from the black thread at the dawn; then complete the Fast unto the night, and do not lie with them while you cleave to the mosques. Those are Allah's bounds; keep well within them. So Allah makes clear His signs to men; happily they will be Allah fearing. Surat Al-Baqarah: 2/187

  • Thank you for wonderfully describing it through citations. One more question.. If I have to travel for 2 days during Ramzan. I am free to not to fast. Right? Can I fast for 2 days after Eid-ul-Fitr to compensate it. Or those 2 days can't be compensated? – Inshan Jul 23 '12 at 9:19
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    You are welcome. According to Al-Bagharah: 2/185: ...وَمَن كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ بِكُمُ الْيُسْرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ الْعُسْرَ... (...and if any of you be sick, or if he be on a journey, then [compensate] a number of other days; Allah desires ease for you, and desires not hardship for you...) So you are allowed to travel and then compensate it after Ramadan. "Allah desires ease for you" – Bhribayli Jul 23 '12 at 9:47
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    @Inshan it is more complicated than that verse – Ashu Jul 23 '12 at 11:38

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