In the name of Allah
1 . At first I should say that Tavaf does not mean the worshiping idol. if respecting to something means the idolatry so the ones who respect each other , are the idolater . Moreover this is an order from Allah and thus it has especial philosophy for itself.
Tavaf (I mean circling the Kaaba ) is for receiving mercy and forgiveness from Allah and is like the rebirth for the human . the angles circle around the empyrean Kaaba and so Muslims should circle around that with their hearths .
the prophet ( PBUH ) said :
« إِنَّ اللَّهَ یُبَاهِی بِالطَّائِفِینَ »
Allah proud of the ones who circle the Kaaba (1)
Pilgrims should circle the Kaaba with their hearts and because of that Allah align this Kaaba with the empyrean Kaaba in a line ,so Muslims circle around that and in fact they worship Allah .
“Imam Sajjad says: I ask from my father Imam Hussein that why should
we circle around the Kaaba for seven times? . He said: (when Allah
decided to create the human as his successor, the angles said, you
want to create the humans who kill each other ?. Allah answered, I
know something that you can’t understand) . (Al-Baqara , verse 30 )
thus , Allah deprived them from his mercy for seven thousand years ,
then forgave them and because of that in fourth sky built a house and
aligned Beit Allah AL haram in a line in front of and seven Tavaf for that
and it means that for one thousand years , one circle is obligatory
so seven circles became obligatory for the humans like angles . “
In Tavaf you should circle for seven times. The number seven has some secrets like seven skies, seven seas, seven days of the week .
- Allah in Quran, Surah Al-Baqara , verse 144 , says :
We certainly see you turning your face about in the sky. We will surely turn you to a Qiblah of your liking: so turn your face towards the Masjed al Haram, and wherever you may be, turn your faces towards it! Indeed those who were given the Book surely know that it is the truth from their Lord. And Allah is not oblivious of what they do.
Thus praying toward the Kaaba is an order from Allah. As you know, Allah knows all of languages in the world and his existence is out of time, but we should pray in Arabic language and in an especial period of time. Despite the fact that, Allah is in every place, we should pray in an especial direct. Because of those conditions, Muslims went forward in different aspects of science like geography, mathematics and geometry. The most important reason of this order is the alliance of Muslims with many cultural and educational effects.
(1) . تاریخ بغداد ، ج5 ، ص369 ؛ حلیة الاولیاء ، ج8 ، ص216 ؛ مسند ابی یعلی ، ج4 ، ص330 ، روایت4589 ؛ عوالی اللئالی ، ج1 ، ص96 ، روایت۸
(2) . بحار 11/110 ح 25، علل الشرایع /406/ ح 1 نقل از موسوعه كلمات الحسین علیه السلام /704