10

I have heard from a Muslim brother that I need to convert in front of some other Muslim who then acts as a witness of my adoption of faith on day of judgment.

It says on the Wikipedia page for shahada:

Recitation of the shahada in front of witnesses is also the first and only formal step in conversion to Islam.

Is it true?

5
+100

It is not a requirement for one who takes Al-Shahadatayn (testimony of faith) to have it witnessed, but it is preferred as a form of da'wah (invitation) to others to embrace Islam. There is no verse in the Qur'an or a hadith that stipulates a requirement of witness or any other form of proof or evidence related to the testimony of faith.

The five pillars of Islam are:

  1. Al-Shahaadatayn (testimony of faith)
  2. Salah (prayers)
  3. Zakaah (financial dues)
  4. Sawm Ramadan (fasting the month of Ramadan)
  5. Hajj (pilgrimage)

There are numerous hadiths that enumerate the pillars. Here is one example:

بُنِيَ الإِسْلاَمُ عَلَى خَمْسٍ شَهَادَةِ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ، وَإِقَامِ الصَّلاَةِ، وَإِيتَاءِ الزَّكَاةِ، وَالْحَجِّ، وَصَوْمِ رَمَضَانَ

Islam is based on [the following] five [principles]: To testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is Allah's Messenger (ﷺ), to offer the [compulsory congregational] prayers dutifully and perfectly, to pay Zakat [i.e. obligatory charity], to perform Hajj [i.e. Pilgrimage to Mecca], and to observe fast during the month of Ramadan.

Sahih Al-Bukhari 2/1

None of the hadiths that mention the pillars of Islam necessitate the testimony of faith be witnessed, or be publicly declared at a later stage. In fact, we do have in the Qur'an and hadiths examples of people who took the testimony of faith and kept their faith secret.

The Prophet (ﷺ) ordered Aba Dhar al-Ghifari to keep his Islam a secret in this long hadith:

يَا أَبَا ذَرٍّ اكْتُمْ هَذَا الأَمْرَ، وَارْجِعْ إِلَى بَلَدِكَ، فَإِذَا بَلَغَكَ ظُهُورُنَا فَأَقْبِلْ

O Abu Dhar! Keep your conversion as a secret and return to your town; and when you hear of our victory, return to us.

Sahih Al-Bukhari 61/32

This hadith shows that one can keep one's Islam a secret if one fears for one's life, or possible harm. Although in this specific hadith, the testimony was witnessed by both the Prophet (ﷺ) and 'Ali ibn Abu-Talib, it is not clearly stated as a requirement.

From the Qur'an, we know about a man (allegedly the cousin of the Pharaoh) who concealed his faith, and the Qur'an described him as a believer, albeit with his faith concealed:

وَقَالَ رَجُلٌ مُؤْمِنٌ مِنْ آلِ فِرْعَوْنَ يَكْتُمُ إِيمَانَهُ أَتَقْتُلُونَ رَجُلًا أَنْ يَقُولَ رَبِّيَ اللَّهُ وَقَدْ جَاءَكُمْ بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ وَإِنْ يَكُ كَاذِبًا فَعَلَيْهِ كَذِبُهُ وَإِنْ يَكُ صَادِقًا يُصِبْكُمْ بَعْضُ الَّذِي يَعِدُكُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِي مَنْ هُوَ مُسْرِفٌ كَذَّابٌ

And a believing man from the family of Pharaoh who concealed his faith said, "Do you kill a man [merely] because he says, 'My Lord is Allah ' while he has brought you clear proofs from your Lord? And if he should be lying, then upon him is [the consequence of] his lie; but if he should be truthful, there will strike you some of what he promises you. Indeed, Allah does not guide one who is a transgressor and a liar.

Qur'an 40:28

Even during the time of the Prophet (ﷺ), there were men and women that embraced Islam and did not publicly declare their faith:

هُمُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَصَدُّوكُمْ عَنِ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ وَالْهَدْيَ مَعْكُوفًا أَنْ يَبْلُغَ مَحِلَّهُ وَلَوْلَا رِجَالٌ مُؤْمِنُونَ وَنِسَاءٌ مُؤْمِنَاتٌ لَمْ تَعْلَمُوهُمْ أَنْ تَطَئُوهُمْ فَتُصِيبَكُمْ مِنْهُمْ مَعَرَّةٌ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ لِيُدْخِلَ اللَّهُ فِي رَحْمَتِهِ مَنْ يَشَاءُ لَوْ تَزَيَّلُوا لَعَذَّبْنَا الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْهُمْ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا

They are the ones who disbelieved and obstructed you from al-Masjid al-Haram while the offering was prevented from reaching its place of sacrifice. And if not for believing men and believing women whom you did not know — that you might trample them and there would befall you because of them dishonor without [your] knowledge — [you would have been permitted to enter Makkah]. [This was so] that Allah might admit to His mercy whom He willed. If they had been apart [from them], We would have punished those who disbelieved among them with painful punishment.

Qur'an 48:25

In the absence of a direct order to have the testimony of faith witnessed, and with the evidence of having incidents of believers during the time of the Prophet (ﷺ) and before having their faith concealed, it can be concluded that witnessing Al-Shahadatayn is not required.

4

To be a Muslim you need only to recite the **SHAHADA.**

  • No need to change your name.
  • No need to convert in front gawah or any other person.

Of course you can do them if you personally agree to that.

Salam.

1

In Islam there are three way to do anything

  1. The best way (The way of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)).
  2. The thing you can do but it want have any sawab or saza in it.
  3. The haram way. if you will perform it you will get punished unless you toba.

now what you are asking is the best way to convert but if you don't convert in front gawah you still be a Muslim.

There are many examples of converting Sahabah in absent of gawah(witness). then Allah confirms it.

You can read story of Hazrat Abu Jandal. In this story you can't read that how he convert. but as far as I remember(if I am not mistaken) he converted with out presence of Gawah(witness).

And I have heard an other story of a sahabah who was in a battle against Muslim and In middle of battle he converted into Muslim and started fighting for Muslim and He got sahid so Muhammad (pbuh) did his namaz a janaza.

And In the end Allah knows all.

0

Al Salam Aleikum

No you dont need anybody to become a Muslim, all you need is to say shahada even if you are alone on your own in middle of nowhere

This is one of the biggest misunderstandings among Muslims especially in the west, they have ceremonies where a revert says Shahada publicly and the Imam issues a certificate. Totally unnecessary and turns Islam into something like Christianity where you need a priest to confess

0

To become a believer in Islam one need to only ascertain that only Allah (word for God in Arabic) is one worthy of worship and Muhammed(s a) is his prophet. By believing this you are Muslim. In Quran there is a chapter/sura with name Mu'min (40th sura) which means believer, the believer who is mentioned in this sura is a person who concealed his belief from the public. http://quran.com/40/28 so it is not necessary for a believer to declare it publicly, especially if there is risk in doing so.

But Islam is a social religion. Muslims need to attend friday prayer once in a week, need to get married etc. For these purposes it is better to publicize the acceptance of Islam . Regarding circumcision, I have asked with some scholars, they were of the opinion that it is not compulsory but need to take care of cleanliness. I didn't hear about witness giving testimony in day of judgement which you mentioned in question.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy