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It is said that Ali (a.s) asked his friends and family to bury him secretly. His burial was revealed only later during the Abbasid caliphate by Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (a.s), his descendant and the sixth Shia Imam.

  • Why did he order to be buried in secret?

Ref:

Al-Shaykh Al-Mufid (1986). Kitab Al-Irshad: The Book of Guidance into the Lives of the Twelve Imams. Routledge Kegan & Paul. ISBN 978-0-7103-0151-2.

  • 1
    According to whom? – user4456 Jul 18 '14 at 18:07
2

That was because of the Khawarij. They hated Ali (a.s.), they believed him to be a Kafir, they betrayed him in the battle of Siffin, they fought against him in the battle of Nahrwan and one of them (Ibn Muljim) finally killed him. But that was not enough for them. Ali knew that the Khawarij would desecrate his grave, if they knew where it was located.

After a few hundred years, in the time of Imam Ja'far Sadiq (a.s.), the Khawaraij became extinct, so that there was no threat anymore.

2

Although Khawarij hated Imam Ali (a.s.), but he buried in secret mainly because of bani umayyah. The reason for this claim is that:

1-bani umayyah also hated Imam Ali (a.s.)
2- After bani umayyah overthrew, the burial place revealed. in that time Khawarij were not completely exterminated.
Sheikh Mofid claims this fact in Al-Ershad, too. You know Farsi, so I give this link for you and others who know Farsi.

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