A Muslim cannot touch mushaf without wudu. What if a non-Muslim sees someone reading Qur'an and wants to hold it? Can Muslim allow him to hold Qur'an, or is it not allowed since that person can't technically have wudu?

  • what will he do holding the quran?
    – Ashu
    Jul 17, 2012 at 16:32
  • 2
    @Ashu Let's say he was curious and wanted to see what does it look like.
    – user44
    Jul 17, 2012 at 16:59

4 Answers 4


This is a controversial matter and there is a difference of opinion. Most scholars prohibit disbelievers from touching the Qur'an. Shaykh Ibn Jibreen said:

"The Holy Qur’aan should not be touched by anyone except those who are purified. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Verily, the Mushrikoon (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allaah, and in the Message of Muhammad) are Najasun (impure)” [al-Tawbah 9:28]

On this basis, the kaafir should not be permitted to touch the Qur’aan, whether he is a Christian, a Jew, a Buddhist, a Hindu or anything else. But it is permissible for him to listen to the Qur’aan on radio or TV, or from tapes, and it is permissible for him to read the translations of the meanings of the Qur’aan which are available in different languages.

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) prohibited carrying the Qur'an to the countries of enemies and justified this by saying:

so as not to fall into their hands (i.e., the hands of the enemy) [Muslim]

Therefore, this has showed that they should not be enabled to take it, but they can listen to it. Allah (Exalted be He) says:

And if anyone of the Mushrikûn (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh) seeks your protection, then grant him protection so that he may hear the Word of Allâh (the Qur’ân) [Surah At-Tawbah 9:6]

However, some other scholars adopted the opinion that touching the Noble Qur'an is permissible for non-Muslims. They said it is probable that they embrace islam by doing so. They supported their argument by mentioning the Prophet's message (peace be upon him) to Heraclius the king of the Romans in which he mentioned Allah's Saying (Glorified and Exalted be He):

Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): "O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians): Come to a word that is just between us and you . [Surah Al-Imran 3:64]

They stated that this a great Ayah from the Book of Allah and he wrote it to Heraclius. However, the correct opinion is that this is not a proof, rather it indicates the permissibility of writing an Ayah or two of the Book of Allah. As for handing over the Mus-haf; there are no authentic reports from him (peace be upon him) in this regard.

Source: Fataawa al-lajnah al-daa’imah

  • Does this also apply to electronic copies like an iPhone app, etc?
    – Noah
    Jun 18, 2016 at 11:24
  • That would get quite weird from a law enforcement perspective lol. @noah
    – Hisham
    Jan 9, 2020 at 23:47

According to Jafari Fiqh:

If there is any insult to Quran it is Haram and should not be allowed. but it there is any hope for his guidance there is no problem.


Official website of Grand Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi

Official website of Grand Ayatollah Sistani (Online answering by Chat)


Let's remember the event of Omar RA accepting Islam. He wanted to see what his sister and her husband was reading. But his sister insisted to clean himself. Then he took bath and recited a portion of Quran, which changed the direction of his mind. So, obviously non-Muslims can touch Quran in a clean state, like Muslims.

  • It is unclear what you mean by "clean state". Do you suggest they should take wudu like we do, or general body hygiene is enough?
    – user44
    Jul 17, 2012 at 17:47
  • wudu is different of bath. or washing organs of wdudu. Jul 17, 2012 at 17:59
  • 1
    Please cite the "athar" or event properly, as a quoted reference. Umar (RA) took a shower (ghusl) specifically. This is a good answer if it has proofs cited.
    – ashes999
    Jul 17, 2012 at 21:20
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    But it's still only a portion of the Qur'an - a few ayaat at most, analogous to the few ayaat sent to Heracles.
    – Ansari
    Jul 18, 2012 at 17:18

Did you know the Prophet (pbuh) wrote letters with the Quranic ayats to kings? Some accepted and some trampled it. Do you think that the Prophet (pbuh) didn't know what sort of kings they were?

He (pbuh) did his job of delivering the message and so should you.

Our duty is to give the message, if someone shows interest in the Qur'an please don't create hurdles for them by saying "be clean" etc.

The bath or wash will not cleanse as much as the message of Qur'an would.

  • 3
    Salaam and welcome to Islam.SE . Please take a look at the FAQ and highly upvoted questions and answers to get an idea of the atmosphere and the kind of quality we would like to maintain here. This is very different from other Islamic forum websites. We encourage answers with reference-backed content that answers the question and discourage answers with personal opinions or advice and the like. Feel free to ask any of the established users if you have any questions or come over to the chatroom.
    – Ansari
    Jul 21, 2012 at 1:01
  • The letter had a verse of the Quran alongwith other text, it does not come under the heading of a mushaf. So deriving a rule for a mushaf from the letter is problematic.
    – UmH
    Jul 20, 2020 at 4:18

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