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I have read that in his last sermon, Muhammad (PBUH) mentioned the Quran and Sunnah.

I leave behind me two things, the Qur'an and my example, the Sunnah and if you follow these you will never go astray. (alim.org)

But some people dispute it and say Sahih Sitta books contain hadiths about the Quran and his Family.

Yazid b. Hayyan reported, I went along with Husain b. Sabra and 'Umar b. Muslim to Zaid b. Arqam and, as we sat by his side, Husain said to him: Zaid. you have been able to acquire a great virtue that you saw Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) listened to his talk, fought by his side in (different) battles, offered prayer behind me. Zaid, you have in fact earned a great virtue. Zaid, narrate to us what you heard from Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him). He said: I have grown old and have almost spent my age and I have forgotten some of the things which I remembered in connection with Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him), so accept whatever I narrate to you, and which I do not narrate do not compel me to do that. He then said: One day Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) stood up to deliver sermon at a watering place known as Khumm situated between Mecca and Medina. He praised Allah, extolled Him and delivered the sermon and. exhorted (us) and said: Now to our purpose. O people, I am a human being. I am about to receive a messenger (the angel of death) from my Lord and I, in response to Allah's call, (would bid good-bye to you), but I am leaving among you two weighty things: the one being the Book of Allah in which there is right guidance and light, so hold fast to the Book of Allah and adhere to it. He exhorted (us) (to hold fast) to the Book of Allah and then said: The second are the members of my household I remind you (of your duties) to the members of my family. He (Husain) said to Zaid: Who are the members of his household? Aren't his wives the members of his family? Thereupon he said: His wives are the members of his family (but here) the members of his family are those for whom acceptance of Zakat is forbidden. And he said: Who are they? Thereupon he said: 'Ali and the offspring of 'Ali, 'Aqil and the offspring of 'Aqil and the offspring of Ja'far and the offspring of 'Abbas. Husain said: These are those for whom the acceptance of Zakat is forbidden. Zaid said: Yes.
Sahih Muslim Book 031, Hadith 5920 (sunnah.com)

Can we find the hadith which supports the view point of Quran and Sunnah?

  • 1
    This hadith finds ample mentions in Shiite hadiths sources. Are you also interested in Shiite versions of the hadith and their interpretation? – infatuated Jun 27 '14 at 5:51
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You need to understand the saying Sahih Sitta isn't correct and it seems to be used mainly by South Asians. There are no six authentic books of Hadith.

Only Sahih al Bukhari and Sahih Muslim are considered most authentic and not 100%. Majority of the ahadith the Sahihain contain are authentic, however, not every hadith can be classed as Sahih.

Imam al Bukharis collection has more Sahih ahadith than Imam Muslims. Imam Muslims collection has more weak ahadith than Imam al Bukharis, but overall they contain more reliable transmissions.

No one can claim that every hadith in those collections is Sahih. This can easily be disproved even by someone with basic knowledge of verification. So if this is the case for the two most authentic collections, the rest of the four can also be looked in scrutiny.

As for the Last Sermon. It's a collection of different reports into one. There's no singular long hadith that actually quotes the entire sermon. That's why you will find different versions of it.

So for the first narration you quoted =

I leave behind me two things, the Qur'an and my example, the Sunnah and if you follow these you will never go astray.

It's collected in Mustadrak and the Isnad is =

َخْبَرَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ الْفَقِيهُ، أَنْبَأَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى بْنِ السَّكَنِ الْوَاسِطِيُّ، ثنا دَاوُدُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو الضَّبِّيُّ، ثنا صَالِحُ بْنُ مُوسَى الطَّلْحِيُّ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ بْنِ رُفَيْعٍ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ

There are three main problems in the Isnad.

The first person is محمد بن أبي قماش الواسطي

  • Not much is said or known about him by the scholars of hadith, except by al-Khatib al-Baghdadi who said he was trustworthy. This statement isn't reliable as he doesn't say how he came to that conclusion since he lived hundreds of years after the narrator and never met him.

The second problem is داود بن عمرو الضبي

  • Imam Yahya bin Maen reported he's trustworthy but makes mistakes

  • Imams Abu Hatim ar-Razi and Abu Zura ar-Razi both said he was "Munkar al-Hadith"

  • Many other Imams accepted him but with precautions.

The third problematic is صالح بن موسى الطلحي

  • He was rejected by all scholars of hadith

  • Imam al Bukhari said Munkar al-hadith

  • Imam Nasai said Matruk al-hadith - unreliable in hadith

  • Imam Abu Hatim said weak, unreliable, denied

Just to name a few...

Therefore, the hadith is not authentic and should be rejected.

Moving on to the second hadith...

As you can see, Zaid quotes Rasolullah and then gives his own opinion. So only what he quoted from Rasolullah is Deen and the rest of it is from himself.

We only follow what Prophet said.

The Isnad to that particular narration is =

حَدَّثَنِي زُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، وَشُجَاعُ بْنُ مَخْلَدٍ، جَمِيعًا عَنِ ابْنِ عُلَيَّةَ، قَالَ زُهَيْرٌ حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو حَيَّانَ، حَدَّثَنِي يَزِيدُ بْنُ حَيَّانَ، قَالَ انْطَلَقْتُ أَنَا وَحُصَيْنُ،

So the isnad is authentic, there are no problems.

But this hadith doesn't at all say that the members of Prophets family are a source of deen.

The Prophet clearly said =

I am leaving among you two weighty things: the one being the Book of Allah in which there is right guidance and light, so hold fast to the Book of Allah and adhere to it...The second are the members of my household I remind you to the members of my family.

If you read any version of this particular hadith, none of them say to follow or stick to Ahlul Bayt. Rather, Prophet said =

the one being the Book of Allah in which there is right guidance and light, so hold fast to the Book of Allah and adhere to it

So right guidance and light is in the book of Allah and nothing beyond that.

  • 1
    Weird you say, Qur'an is the only source of guidance and nothing beyond it... This seem's to be your own opinion. Because most of the Scholars in Sunni and Shia school of thought unanamously agree that to understand the depth and the reality of the Qur'an. We have to study and follow the practical life of the Prophet most importantly. And then his Family for they explain the life of the prophet. And then the companions of the Prophet and Ahlul-bayth. For it shows how we should be if we want to be companion of the Prophet and his family.. on Youmul-Qiyama. And Janaat-ul-Firdous! – Andre Aug 26 '14 at 6:59

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