For example, in Sahih Bukhari we have the following two reports:

Allah's Apostle wrote a letter to Caesar saying, "If you reject Islam, you will be responsible for the sins of the peasants (i.e. your people)."


Allah's Apostle sent his letter to Khusrau and ordered his messenger to hand it over to the Governor of Bahrain who was to hand it over to Khusrau. So, when Khusrau read the letter he tore it. Said bin Al-Musaiyab said, "The Prophet then invoked Allah to disperse them with full dispersion, (destroy them (i.e. Khusrau and his followers) severely)".

Is there any independent corroboration about such letters; that is of official contact by the the early ummah and the surrounding nations?

  • 1
    This is kind of broad, an answer can be extremely long,or un-beneficially short as in "Yes". Perhaps you can make it specifically about the letters?
    – مجاهد
    Jun 16, 2014 at 23:24
  • @Mujahid: ok, I'll focus it more. Jun 17, 2014 at 3:03
  • Asked on History. history.stackexchange.com/q/14190 Jun 17, 2014 at 7:27
  • @bleeding fingers: I've asked the moderator to remove that question - they don't see it as a historical question. Jun 17, 2014 at 11:36
  • @MoziburUllah the question framing is wrong, besides Hadith and Qur'an. you're comparing those normal letters with Qur'an and Hadith? Please edit that.. Feb 22, 2015 at 4:53

1 Answer 1


Maybe this link helps you a little bit out. An important piece of history, the Constitution of Medina was written by Muhammad (pbuh).

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