I heard that Umar(RA) forbid Mutah marriage after the death of the Prophet(PBUH) and Abu Baker. What were his reasons for doing so ?

Looking for answers from Sunni authentic sources.


4 Answers 4


This is incorrect, and False. Umar never forbade, it was the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) who completely and forever forbade it on the day of Khaybar, and this is what authentically known through Ali himself (according to both Sunni and Shia books). It is narrated in both Bukari and Muslim, that Ali said:

نهى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عن نكاح المتعة يوم خيبر

Muhammad b. 'Ali narrated on the authority of his father 'Ali that Allah's Apostle (ﷺ) on the Day of Khaibar prohibited for ever the contracting of temporary marriage and eating of the flesh of the domestic asses.


  • Sahih Muslim 1406 d - Book 16, Hadith 25 - Book 8, Hadith 3255. This hadith says that Mut'ah is forbidden until the day os resurrection. Source
    – Murtaza
    Aug 6, 2014 at 6:54

List of Ahadith saying that it was prophet Mohammad (pbuh) who banned muta:

sahih Bukhari Volume 5, Book 59, Number 526

sahih Bukhari Volume 5, Book 59, Number 527

Sahih Bukhari Volume 9, Book 86, Number 91

Sahih Muslim Book 008, Number 3260

Sahih Muslim Book 021, Number 4763

Sahih Muslim Book 008, Number 3262

Sahih Muslim Book 008, Number 3263

Sahih Muslim Book 008, Number 3264

Sahih Muslim Book 008, Number 3265

Sahih Muslim Book 008, Number 3266

Sahih Muslim Book 008, Number 3267

There's ample evidence suggesting that it was prophet Mohammad (pbuh) who banned mutah.

Why did Umar reiterate Mohammad (pbuh)'s position on mutah? Because he wanted to enforce the ban.

Why are there contradictory Ahadith on this matter? Let's assume the contradictions weren't resolved during the time of Sahaba, still if we are to read the Quran, it clearly says that mutah was even banned for prophet Mohammad (pbuh):

"It is not lawful for you (to marry other) women after this, nor to change them for other wives even though their beauty attracts you, except those (slaves) whom your right hand possesses. And Allâh is Ever a Watcher over all things." (Qur'an 33:52)

The battle of Khaibar took place two years after the above ayah was revealed, and the list of Ahadith I posted above states clearly that Mohammad (pbuh) banned mutah during the battle of Khaibar, meaning two years after he himself was banned from this practice.

You could argue that the laws which applied to prophet Mohammad (pbuh) does not necessarily apply to us, nor does the laws applied to us necessarily apply to prophet Mohammad (pbuh).

For example we are only allowed to marry 4 wives, but prophet Mohammad (pbuh) was not bound by this law.

The above argument is true, but note as I said before, this matter was resolved by the Sahaba themselves:

"'Ali (Allah be pleased with him) heard that Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) gave some relaxation in connection with the contracting of temporary marriage, whereupon he said: Don't be hasty (in your religious verdict), Ibn 'Abbas, for Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) on the Day of Khaibar prohibited for ever the doing of it-And eating of the flesh of domestic asses." (Muslim 8.3266)


from mutah marriage.

Why did he do that ?

Mutah was halal at the beginning. But then the prophet(PBUH) said it is not permissible after the battle of Kheybar. Thus Umar acting upon this hadith which he heard from the prophet (PBUH) and many hadiths. He forbid mutah marriage when he became caliph:

Ali narrates from the prophet (PBUH):

Messenger (PBUH) prohibited on the Day of Khaibar the contracting of temporary marriage with women and the eating of the flesh of domestic asses.

Sahih Muslim - sunnah.com

Also you can see the prophet saying Mutah is haram in other hadiths such as this in Buhkary, These 2 hadiths (one in Muslim and another one here), and last hadith in Abu Dawud.

Question: Why would Umar (RA) prohibit this marriage if it was already known that Mutah is haram ?

Answer: At the time of the prophet (PBUH), people didn't have internet nor cellphones to communicate between each other and share hadiths they learned from the prophet . And since some companions at the time of the prophet traveled outside of madinah to other countries, they didn't hear about this prohibition. Thus, when they came back, Umar heard that some of the them wanted to practice mutah marriage. That's when he announced that mutah is haram so that muslims would know about this hadith in case they weren't here.

  • 3
    Can you provide reference to your latter claim (i.e., Thus, when they came back, Umar heard that some of the them wanted to practice mutah marriage)?
    – ozbek
    Aug 6, 2014 at 6:24

A narration attributed to Imran ibn Husain reports:

The Verse of Mut'ah[1] was revealed in Allah's Book, so we performed it with Allah's Apostle, and nothing was revealed in Qur'an to make it illegal, nor did the Prophet prohibit it till he died. But the man (who regarded it illegal) just expressed what his own mind suggested. Sahih al-Bukhari, 6:60:43

A narration attributed to Mutarrif reports:

'Imran b. Husain sent for me during his illness of which he died, and said: I am narrating to you some ahadith which may benefit you after me. If I live you conceal (the fact that these have been transmitted by me), and if I die, then you narrate them if you like (and these are): I am blessed, and bear in mind that the Messenger of Allah combined Hajj and Umra. Then no verse was revealed in regard to it in the Book of Allah (which abrogated it) and the Apostle of Allah did not forbid (from doing it). And whatever a person (Umar) said was out of his personal opinion.

Sahih Muslim, 7:2828

  • The first reference is about mut'ah in Hajj, any other meaning can be excluded as the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) never ever did perform the so called Mutah. So how would he perform it with them? And the other is clearly taken from the book of hajj in sahih Muslim. So as it is still among the allowed forms of hajj nobody banned it.
    – Medi1Saif
    Jun 27, 2016 at 13:03

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