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I agree with everything that came from Islam and I submit myself to the will of the Almighty. And I don't criticize the pillar of Zakat at all.

A non-muslim person told me that giving Zakat has no benefit and it only makes the poor people more lazy and begging for money.

I replied that giving Zakat teaches you how to be generous and how to fight against poverty.

Are there more benefits other than these two? Please provide Dalil from Qur'an and sunnah.

closed as primarily opinion-based by goldPseudo Dec 16 '14 at 1:26

Many good questions generate some degree of opinion based on expert experience, but answers to this question will tend to be almost entirely based on opinions, rather than facts, references, or specific expertise. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

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    I suggest you broaden the scope of the question. – Ansari May 28 '14 at 9:34
  • This questions is not about quran or sunnah. Those tags shouldn't be used for questions that looks for dalil from those sources, but instead should be used for questions that ask about Qur'an and sunnah. Please edit and remove those tags. – user44 May 28 '14 at 9:49
  • As phrased, this is more likely to attract lists of items than it is to attract actual practical answers. – goldPseudo Dec 16 '14 at 1:26
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Many times the Qur'an and sunnah don't go into the details of the wisdoms behind rulings. The Companions weren't faced with detailed intricate challenges to the minutiae of the faith; their focus was on the core things. They didn't have time, to put it bluntly, to do a sociological and anthropological and economic analysis of Islam, and it didn't matter to them. Allah told them to give in zakah and in charity and they did. They accepted it as part of the system that Allah had designed for our world.

Your acquaintance is conflating the modern welfare system and its potential effects with zakah. They are not synonymous. You can see there are three sides to zakah: the giver, the receiver, and impact on the rest of society due to that transaction.

As for the giver, a secular system accords them tax benefits and perhaps a feeling of having done some good. In Islam however, giving zakah has direct spiritual benefits, which one can only appreciate with iman. Giving zakah is a form of purification of one's wealth. It is fulfilling an individual obligation that Allah has placed upon His slaves and therefore carries great reward.

For the receiver (and there are rules on who or what can receive zakah), the immediate and tangible benefits are obvious. It is a means of obtaining food, clothing, and other essentials necessary to live. The point of zakah is to empower the receiver to rise to the level of nisab (amount over which you have to give zakah) so that they in turn can give zakah. The restrictions on who can receive zakah are what make this different from a welfare system (they are not synonymous nor is one a replacement for the other). Historically, this system has not had the kind of impact where people are simply content to receive zakah funds and not work.

Finally, the impact on society of zakah is that it is a tax on the wealth of a person and not their income, and so they are motivated to invest their wealth in business and trade. Zakah pumps money into the economy and cycles it, rather than letting it sit idle and sucking money upward into the pockets of the already wealthy (this is the impact of riba).

Finally, generally speaking, the argument that the very idea of giving in charity is bad because it promotes complacency and laziness is specious and arises from extreme libertarian and/or Ayn Randian philosophy. It is the very epitome of selfishness and arises from a very human-centric worldview. If complacency and laziness are the outcome of charity, the problem is with the administering of the charity (who, how much, what kind, etc.) and not the concept of charity itself.

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