What is the Islamic definition of Ibadah? What does it consist of?

I have looked into several definitions by scholars but none have actually agreed with each other.


In the Arabic language Al-'Ibadah means the humbleness. We say طريق معبدة (Tariq mou'abadah) that means Paved road and for the idiomatic meaning it's everything that Allah loves.

Shaykh l'Islam Ibn'Taymiyah says:

Worship (Al-'Ibadah) is a comprehensive term covering everything that Allah loves and is pleased with - whether saying, or actions, outward and inward."

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  • we're not talking about things which can be named Ibadah, the question is about the meaning of this word. For instance Zayd, Amr, Bakr or..... are not the meaning of human, they are just "مصادی" of human (things which we can call human) not "مفهوم" of human. you must've confused "مفهوم" with "مصداق"!!! – Amin May 23 '14 at 16:00
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    @Amin What do ya say is not correct. Because I mentioned the Arabic meaning of the word 'ibadah before the idiomatic meaning. Quran and Sunnah are in arabic. So it's very important to know the arabic meaning to easily understand the idiomatic meaning. And usually the scholars give the two meaning in their Tafseer and Charh. – ديناصور الأمة May 23 '14 at 16:43

Ibadah is completed servitude to Allah.

Allah is the master and we're the slave. A slave must obey and be at service to his/her Master at all times.

And this was beautifully manifested in the du'a in Surah al-Anam 6:162 =

Say, "Indeed, my prayer, my rites of sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allah , Lord of the worlds.

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Way of worship we have learnt from the Prophet of Allah. Worship has different branches, Main are:

  • Worship by Voice ( Zikar, Speech truth, etc)
  • Worship by Money or Mall (Spend in the way of ALlah)
  • Worship by Body (Namaz, Halal earning, etc)
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People have defined Ibadah correctly, I would like to answer what it consists of:

Ibadah consists one or all of the following:

  1. Dua( Supplications) directed to Allah
  2. Salat
  3. Fasting
  4. Hajj
  5. Jihad fi Sabilillah
  6. Ritual Sacrifice (Eid Adha)
  7. Zakat

Thus following any of the sayings of Muhammad pbuh is also an Ibadat as obedience to prophet is Obedience to Allah.

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Al-‘Ibaadah means tadhallul (humility) and khudoo’ (submissiveness). Scholars of the Arabic language have also explained ‘ibaadah to mean “at-tareeq ul-mu’abbad”, or the levelled (paved) road. (Refer to Lisaan ul-‘Arab and al-Qaamoos al-Muheet)

However, juristically (in Shar’eeah) it has been comprehensively defined by Sheikh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728 AH) as:

“Al-'Ibaadah is a term which comprises everything that Allah loves and is pleased with, from the outward and inner sayings and actions.” (Al-‘Uboodiyyah)

Singling out Allah in our worship (Ifraadullahi bil-‘Ibaadah) consists of three pillars:

Ifraadullahi bin-Nusk – Singling out Allah in ritual acts

Ifraadullahi bil-Hukmi wat-Tashree’ – Singling out Allah in matters of ruling and legislation

Ifraadullahi bil-Wilaayah – Singling out Allah in alliance and support

Therefore, ‘ibaadah does not only consist of ritual acts; it is any saying or action (of the heart or limbs) which Allah likes (us to do) and is pleased with. Hence, love, hatred (for the sake of Allah), sincerity, rajaa’ (hope), sabr (perseverance), salaat, siyaam (fasting), Hajj, dhikr (remembrance of Allah), tahaakum (arbitration to Islam), sadaqah (charity), da’wah (inviting people to Islam), commanding good and forbidding evil, ruling by Islam, and all other good deeds are ‘ibaadah (worship).

“Salaat (prayer); Zakaat (charity tax); Siyaam (fasting); Hajj (the Pilgrimage); truthfulness in speech; trustworthiness; kindness to parents; maintaining kind relationship with relatives; fulfilling pledges; enjoining the good and forbidding the evil); goodness to the neighbour, the orphan, the poor, the wayfarer and the owned beings whether human or animal; du'aa (supplication); dhikr (remembrance of Allah); qiraa’ah (recitation of the Qur’aan); and the like are all part of ‘ibaadah.

Likewise, loving Allah and His Messenger apprehension before Allah and returning repentantly to Him, sincerity in the Deen for Him, patience with His Ordainment, thankfulness for His Bounties, contentment with His Decree, dependence on Him, hope for His Mercy, fear of His Punishment and the like are also part of 'ibaadah due to Allah.” (Al-‘Uboodiyyah)

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Ibadat is ALL beliefs (eman), attitudes and actions / activities, that are pleasing to ALLAH. These are spelled out clearly in the Quran and Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Therefore, Ibadat would include both the rituals of worship and EVERY other aspect of living our lives individually and collectively.

Rituals most Muslims know about. It is the 'every other aspect of life' where in I believe, lies the source of confusion. Thus resulting in the current sorry state of Muslims the world over.

Muslims generally, have restricted ebadat to the ritualistic part of their lives. For every other aspect of their lives they seem to be content with every other non-Islamic ideology. So generally, Muslims have lost sight of economics, science and technology, research & development, politics, personal and professional growth, mutual relationships etc. etc. so that each of these activities is pleasing to ALLAH. Remembering that any action that is pleasing to ALLAH is by definition, beneficial to humanity, individually and collectively.

To sum up, every single moment of a Muslims existence in this world MUST be spent seeking the pleasure of ALLAH.

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ibadat is means is an Arabic word means worship to allah including salat , zakkat, hajj, jihad , ritual sacrifice.

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  • Salam and welcome to IslamSE the Q&A site about Islam. The question is less about Arabic and more about the interpretation of the word and how it is defined (see How to Answer). – Medi1Saif Oct 2 '18 at 11:37

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