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In verse 9:105 who is "the believers" referring to ?

Is it referring to all the believer/Muslim or is it referring to some specific people?

And briefly what is the significance of "the believers" in the context of this verse?

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To give you some context before answering your question:

According to tafsir Ibn Kathir, Sa'adi, and Tabari, The verse you qouted is directed to those who missed ghazwat Tabuk and didn't have valid/legit excuses.

While according to Qurtubi and Baghawai, allah is speaking to everyone(Muslims and non-Muslims) reminding them that allah, his rasool, and believers will witness their deeds.

Now to answer your question:

None of the tafsirs above mention specifically who are the believers, I guess because the definition of the believers exist in other verses which explain who is considered a believer. However,Baghawi in his tafsir indirectly gives the significance of the believers here:

believers were mentioned in this verse in order to witness the deeds of other people, Hence, the love of the believers toward those who have good deeds will increase (purpose of this is to motivate them to do more good deeds) and vice versa.

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