[Kindly note that I'm only looking for the sunni view]
During a nikah, I know with evidences that the khutbah (sermon) is done with certain verses from the Qur'aan and hadeeth.
But I often find that the one who conducts the marriage reads out a formula speech known as ijab and qabool (i.e. offering and acceptance). However, I find it difficult to find a single hadeeth where this is done during a nikah. I witness where the conductor of the marriage holds the hand of the groom and the bride's walee and gets them to repeat some words.
Can someone please help me find the source for this action?
I myself also never came across any such hadith, but just heard from the Fiqh hanafi that they must do ijaab o qubool in loud voice in front of everyone.
The reason for it (in my personal opinion) might be that, as according to Sunnah way of nikah, both parties have to mutually agree on marriage, that they accept it. So Acceptance is one of the major part of nikah. So obviously they have to do Ijab o quboool atleast for a fixed number of time infront of everyone.
There isn't any hadith. It is more of a culture thing. There are a few requirements for Marriage in Islam:
Acceptance of both parties and a knowledge of the parties to each other.
A presence of a figure head (Father, Brother, Son, Imam, Judge, etc..)
If those conditions are met, the way the marriage occurs (in Masjid, in home, in city hall, etc..) it is valid inshala. For example, If you live in NYC and you go to City Hall and request a marriage contract, you are met with the above requirements and thus your marriage is legal and Islamic at the same time - There is no need to go to the Masjid and perform a separate ceremony, unless you wish for it.
1.Ejaab (an offer) from the bride's father or wali and Qabool (acceptance) from the groom
2. 2 male, sane, muslim witnesses - one from each side.
3. The Mahr which is a free gift to the bride from the groom And
4. The marriage khutbah or the sermon must be delivered by the Imam reminding them of their responsibilities to each other as husband and wife.
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