Why is the tomb of Sayada Fatima Zahra(a.s.) hidden?
I know she asked Imam Ali(a.s.) to not show her tomb for some guys who have tyrannize and abuse Her and Her family.
What is the goal of not specifying her tomb?
Islam Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for Muslims, experts in Islam, and those interested in learning more about Islam. It only takes a minute to sign up.Sign up to join this community
Shiite scholars have suggested many reasons for this:
First of all it was the choice of Lady Fatima(a.s.) to have a clandestine and overnight funeral and that her grave whereabouts be kept from public knowledge. Only her husband Ali Ibn Abi Talib who buried her holy body and her children knew about her grave whereabouts and didn't disclose it to anyone as she had wished.
Another reason was that her enemies and people who usurped Fadak (a property of hers) would not be able to attend her grave later; She had dismissed legitimacy of Caliphs and disregarded them during her life.
That her graveyard wouldn't be exhumed by sworn enemies of Prophet's Holy Household.
As she had intended to awaken and enlighten people about the Caliphs' oppression of Imam Ali(a.s.) and herself, by keeping her grave whereabouts a secret she wanted to express her eternal displeasure at Caliphs who treated her and her family with cruelty. She wanted every Muslim to be prompted to wonder "why is Lady Fatima Zahraa's grave unknown?"
According to Al-Tabari, the Iranian historian, writing around 220 AH, after the Prophet (pbuh) passed away his youngest daughter Fatima
came to Abu Bakr asking for her share of the inheritance of her father (pbuh); this was the land of Fadak and his share of the tribute of Khaybar.
Abu Bakr replied, 'I have heard the Messenger of God say: 'Our property cannot be inherited and whatever we leave behind is alms; by God, I will not abandon a course which I saw the Messenger of God practicing, but will continue doing it accordingly.' Fatima shunned him and did not speak to him about it until she died six months later. Ali buried her at night and did not permit Abu Bakr to attend her burial.
The hadith mentioned by Abu Bakr is authenticated by the Sunni scholars, Muslim and al-Bukhari; but this is disputed by Shia scholars who point out that this is against the laws of inheritance in Islam. Moreover, the caliphate that was assumed by Abu Bakr was disputed by Fatimas's husband, Ali ibn Ali Talib; in the Shia traditions, they also point out that Fatima suffered a miscarriage when Umar raided their home after Ali refused to pledge allegiance; this seems ample enough reasons to not allow Umar to attend the funeral, and nor to find the grave to shine posthumous glory on the caliphate.
Why is the place of Fatima, the daughter of Prophet Mohammad, not known? Fatima ordered Ali to hide her grave and make her grave unmarked in order to leave evidence and proof of the oppression inflicted on her and to perpetuate her opposition and struggle against the usurpers and criminals. The Imam also buried him at night and hid the location of his grave.