Why did it take Allah 6 days to create the universe?
I know that Allah is independent of time, but I have trouble understanding why the creation of the universe took as long as it did. Please help me to clarify that.
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Allah created universe in 6 days doesn't mean he could't create it in the trillion'th of a second. It didn't take Allah 6 days(or time periods) but Allah did this intentionally. Allah is "Ala kuli shai'in qadir' - able to do all things.
Now why He chose six days instead of infinite part of a second is His wish. We can think of possible reasons:
Reason 1: Allah doesn't need us we need Him. He doesn't need universe but everything in universe needs him. Since this world was created to test us, so creating it in stages helped human beings to understand it and praise His glory. There is a good proportion in our intelligence and the speed at which things got created in this universe so that we can study them through science. This is just an opinion.
The creation of the world cited in the Quran is first told in the beginning of Tenach (Bereshit/1.Mose). It is one week minus the day. This seventh day is the Shabbath, the day of rest and prayer in the Jewish tradition.
We know that in fact, Allah has been forming the world for thousands of million years.
The creation in six days is a myth. I use the word myth in its original meaning, not to be unserstood as something that is simply not true, but telling a complex of truthes:
This myth is not revealed with the Quran but often cited just to extract such thruth from it. Mostly, the number of six days is cited therewith, but it is never the subject of the truth to explain; in particular the custom of one day dedicated to God is less emphasized in the Quran than in Jewish books and tradition, therefore we have been advised to perform more prayers on all days to remind us that God is present in our entire lives.