I was talking with my friend last time about poverty in the world and he said: "Allah gives what he wants to who he wants, we should just accept that". But if someone exploits another via employment shouldn't we say that it shouldn't be accepted according to Islam? Also shouldn't we all live equally if the laws of Islam are applied?
Refer to this verse 11:6 Allah provisions all creatures. But it doesn't mean poverty. Allah wants us to go out of the house for making money for our households from Halal ways. We have many Hadiths which show that how we can make our provision more and by what sins our provision goes less.
I couldn't find the related Hadith in English. But I will put the reference once I could find.
First, Islam does encourage you to seek rizq (sustenance), and while we do accept what Allah gives us that does not mean that we should just do nothing.
"O Messenger of Allah! Shall I tie it and rely(upon Allah), or leave it loose and rely(upon Allah)?" He said: "Tie it and rely(upon Allah)."
Never in Islam has it been deemed that all people should have the same amount of fortune. Allah gives to some but not to others:
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The poor Emigrants came to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and said: "The wealthy have gone with the highest ranks and lasting bliss." He asked: "How is that?" They replied: "They offer Salat (prayer) as we offer it; they observe fast as we do; (and as they are wealthy) they perform Hajj and 'Umrah, and go for Jihad, and they spend in charity but we cannot, and they free the slaves but we are unable to do so." The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, "Shall I not teach you something with which you may overtake those who surpassed you and with which you will surpass those who will come after you? None will excel you unless he who does which you do." They said: "Yes, please do, O Messenger of Allah" He (ﷺ) said, "You should recite: Tasbih (Allah is free from imperfection), Takbir (Allah is Greatest), Tahmid (Praise be to Allah) thirty-three times after each Salat."
Muslim added to the narration: the poor Emigrants returned to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and said: "Our brother with wealth have heard of what we did, and they did the same?" and the Messenger of Allah said: "That is Allah's grace, which he gives to those He wishes to."
First of all, ALLAH doesn't want us to be poor and wait the help from others. In the hadith
المؤمن القوي خير من المؤمن الضعيف
The strong believer is better than a weak believer
So ALLAH asked us to have contentment, but this doesn't mean that we sit in home and says ALLAH wants that. Absolutely NO, we have to learn and work as harder as we can and then whatever the result we should be pleased.
Also ALLAH is just and equitable but this doesn't mean that all of us should have the same salary. Everyone should take the salary he deserves according to his studies, tries and work.
But ALLAH ask us to help others. So for that we have to pay zakat and khoms and alms and this money will be distributed for poor people in some laws explained... If this is done we'll have no poverty in Islamic societies.
In short, Islamic rules make sure that nobody will be poor but this doesn't mean all of us should have the same salary and this doesn't mean we should stay at home and ask ALLAH for help.