Milad-ul-Nabi (P.B.U.H) is being celebrated in various parts of Muslim countries every year.
- Is it proved from Quran and Sunnat-e-Rasool (P.B.U.H)?
- Does Sahaba celebrated it?
- If someone don't attends this. Should he be called a "Satan(Iblees)"?
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1- No , it's not proved from the Quran nor from Sunna
2- No , Al Sahaba did't celebrate the day , also they make Alhijra day the start day of year not the day of birth of the prophet
3- It's not prohibited to celebrate in general But it's been prohibited if there was prohibited actions in it , like inviting men and women to the same place so that they may see and talk to each other , or have Music,Dancing(maybe),Women Singing .. and so on
finally no body should been called "Satan" nor "Iblees" for any wrong thing he did ,instead he should been told about his wrong kindly , and that he should ask Allah to forgive him , and should decide sincerely that he will not repeat what he did (All this between him and his God , no place for any body between him and Allah to say for e.g you will not be blessed ever )
Beside the question when make the celebrate a day to remember the prophet and to forget him all other days , of course the Prophet will not be happy of us when we celebrate his day !
We Should following Al Sunna as Allah orders us , then we will see that celebrating is not that Important thing to do as the Religion is not Appearances and trappings,it's what you really are from inside , and how you're following Rasulallah's steps .
Peace Be Upon him
Just remember 12th Rabi-Ul-Awal is the day when Muhammad(PBUH) also passed away. If you want to recite Durud for him, you can do it, that's about it. But just don't overdo things, its not permissible in Shaariah.
Celebrating a birthday of Prophet PBUH is not matter of fiqah or islamic law it is actually a cultural activity. As Islam is global religion and provides complete code of life for whole mankind and emphasized on principles of shariah. It gives broader principles of Haram(anti Islamic)and Halal (pro islamic) which are equally govern on each activity or gathering. So each type of activity having anti Islamic segment will be called Haram. In the case of celebrating birthday of Prophet PBUH it is Halal if it's segments are within the parameters of sharia. I think this day is the most precious day in the history of mankind when REHMAT UL LIL ALAMEEN came for benefits of all living world's. So in this day Muslims thanks Allah by arranging mahafils in which HAMAD & NAATS are recited. Likewise if we see this issue from the life of Prophet PBUH than a lot of other cultural activities like celebrating children birthdays, national days will also be called un Islamic. So my request is that we should not make celebrations of birthday disputed if someone did not agree to celebrate he should not at least declare it un Islamic. After all these activities are arranged in the honour of Last messenger of ÀLLAH.
No, its not a mandatory part of Islam to celebrate .
not proven by Qyran:
If any verse of Book(Holy Quran) prove celebration of Hazrat Mohammad (s.a.w),then this became a law,practice,principle and constitution of Islam/Shariha
and Sahaba also practice it . Even not proven from any Sahaba , Tahbahien, Taba-tahbahien.
Now,it look like cultural festival but we can not change the law ,rules and regulation of Islam . not allow us to add any new thing in Islam (which pleasant for us )and remove from it (those fractious,tough,arduous,hard and painful for us).
But remember (hyphen):
12, Rabi-Ul-Awal is most precious/valuable/priceless day in the history of mankind. Main point is that not the celebration but problem and issues with complication of celebration method/way .
So if someone opponent to celebrate it ,doesn't mean that person is against of Hazrat Mohammad(s.a.w).Or those who celebrated in proper way (like individually recite Darood-0-salam/pray ) are not against of Islam.
Islam is a religion of symbolism. e.g. our wudu is symbolification of the judgement day. Our hajj is a sybolification of many things that Prophet Ibrahim (PBUH) went through.
Is there anything wrong to make this day one of the many symbols of the prophet? A day that we use to be happy, and remind ourselves of his good deeds and his manners?
The year of his birth is also known as عام الفیل as in the year of the elephant.
Additionally it's not against Islam. It's just something we have nothing against it or supporting it.
All our eids are happy days. Are days where Satan is defeated. Isn't Satan defeated on the day of the birthday of the greatest of mankind?! Isn't that something worthy of happiness?
The general logic of the time of prophet it wasn't practiced is at fault, because that doesn't invalidate it. You could have new traditions added to Islam as long as:
such celebrations break neither of the rules. Hence it's totally fine to do. The only thing that would make such celebration haram is to say that it's wajib thing to celebrate his birthday in such and such way. And to say that without doing such your committing haram.
During the time of the Prophet it was clearly mentioned loads of times that birthdays are forbidden. Over the years there has been many misinterpretations of different hadiths and stuff like that so that's why people began to think it is compulsory to celebrate the Prophet's birthday.
The sahabas did not celebrate it and they just prayed for the Prophet p.b.u.h but they did this all the time not just on the day of his birth and death. It is perfectly fine to read and pray for the Prophet but not doing maniac stuff on his 'special' day. You only get sins for all that effort and if you just stay inside and pray you'll no doubt get ten times the amount of rewards than it's thought to be received by celebrating.
If someone doesn't attend this then they shouldn't be called a Satan, and in fact they should be praised.