Both of them are physical punishments that are related to the human body. What makes these two punishment different?
In the name of Allah the merciful the compassionate
That's right, they are both include physical punishments based on the Islamic rules. But there is a difference between them. The difference will be explained briefly.
Qisas (law of retaliation)
Is punishment which is ordered by God to do when someone is damaged by another person, for example a man is killed by another person, and in this case the guilty person should be killed (retaliated)�. law of retaliation is set by God.
...Should anyone aggress against you, assail him in the manner he assailed you.[2:194]
O' you who have Faith! Retaliation (Qisas) if prescribed for you in the matter of the (unlawfully) murdered: the freeman for the freeman, the slave for the slave, the female for the female. But for him who if forgiven somewhat by his (aggrieved religious) brother, then prosecution (for blood-wit) should be made according to a fair manner (ma'ruf) and let the payment be made to him with kindliness. This is an alleviation from your Lord, and a mercy; so whoever transgresses the limits after this, he shall have a painful punishment.[1:178]
But hadd is a punishment set for the cases, Muslims disrespect some Islamic rules such as drinking, eating in public in the Ramadan. For example, pre-marital sex is a sin punishable by the Islamic court. If an unmarried man and an unmarried woman are found guilty of fornication in an Islamic court, their punishment will be as the following:
The woman and the man who fornicate scourge each of them a hundred whips; and in the matter of God s religion, let no tenderness for them seize you if you believe in God and the Last Day; and let a party of the believers witness their punishment. (24:2)
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