The Prophet said:

There will be after me twelve Amir (Prince/Ruler), all of them from Quraysh.

Hadith of the Twelve Successors

If this is true, can some one count them by name? Also is Yazid among them? Please mention your reasoning for counting each one among these 12.

I am specially interested in a Sunni view.


Yes, this hadeeth is authentic. This hadeeth occurs in the Saheeh of al-Bukhaaree, in "Kitaab ul-Ahkaam" under the chapter of "Istikhlaaf":

حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى حَدَّثَنَا غُنْدَرٌ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ سَمِعْتُ جَابِرَ بْنَ سَمُرَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ يَكُونُ اثْنَا عَشَرَ أَمِيرًا فَقَالَ كَلِمَةً لَمْ أَسْمَعْهَا فَقَالَ أَبِي إِنَّهُ قَالَ كُلُّهُمْ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ

From Jaabir bin Samurah who said:

I heard the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) say: "There will be twelve ameers (leaders)", and then he said a word that I did not hear. Then he said: Meaning, he (the Prophet) said: "All of them are from Quraish."

There are two Sunni views that I would like to present. One that is of Ibn Katheer as discussed in his tafseer and another of Shaykh Abdul-Aziz ibn Abdullah ibn Baz (May Allah have mercy on him).

The view of Ibn Katheer:

Ibn Katheer discusses this matter in his tafseer of the verse in Surah al-Maa'idah (5:12), which mentions twelve elders raised amongst Banee Israa'eel (I quote only parts of it):

And the basis of this hadeeth is established in the two Saheehs from the hadeeth of Jaabir bin Samurah who said:

I heard the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) saying: "The affair of the people will never cease to continue so long as twelve men take authority over them." Then the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) spoke with a word which was not audible to me, so I asked, meaning "What?" The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) said, "All of them are from Quraish."

And this is the wording of Muslim.

And the meaning of this hadeeth is the glad tiding of the presence of twelve righteous khalifahs who will establish the truth and rule with justice over them [the people]. And it is not binding from this that their rule be successive, following each other [in succession]. Rather, four of them have already been found in order, and they are the four rightly guided khalifahs: Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthmaan and Alee (radiallaahu anhum), and amongst them is Umar bin Abdul-Azeez without doubt in the view of the Scholars. And after the Banee al-Abbaas, the Hour will not be established until their rule (i.e those who remain from the twelve) has taken place, certainly. And what is apparent is that the promised Mahdi [mentioned] in the reported ahaadeeth is from amongst them. So it has been mentioned that his name will concur with the name of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) and that the name of his father will be the name of his (the Prophet's) father, and that he will fill the earth with justice, just as it had been filled with tyranny and oppression.

View of Shaykh Ibn Baaz:

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (rahimahullaah) has a view different to that of Ibn Katheer on this subject, regarding the specification of these twelve rulers. He states (Majmoo' Fataawaa 4/99-101):

There are some of the scholars who gave some irregular opinions in this regard but their views are not considered here. As for what Al-Hafiz Isma'il ibn Kathir (may Allah confer His Mercy on him) stated in his book of the exegesis of the Qur'an in Surah of Al-Ma'idah while speaking about the deputies of the people of Medina, that Al-Mahdi may be one of The Twelve Imams, this is doubtful.

The Prophet (may Allah's Peace and Blessings be upon him) said: "The matter of this nation will continue well-established when they are ruled by twelve caliphs who all belong to Quraysh".

The saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him) indicates that religion at their time is established and prevailing and the truth is apparent. It is known that this prophecy was fulfilled before the end of the era of Banu Umayyah. However, during the last days of this era a great difference occurred which caused disunity and was a disaster for Muslims for they divided into two countries, one in Andalusia and one in Iraq as well as other inflictions which affected Muslims during this time as known.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: "The matter of this nation will continue well-established..." Then, there were many great matters that helped unbalance the system of caliphate and the Islamic territory disunited into small countries with their own rulers, as is the case in the present time, even widely and apparently.

To this day, Al-Mahdi has not appeared so how can one dare to say that the matter of religion will continue well-established until the coming of Al-Mahdi? Indeed, this is rejected by fair thinking and contemplation.

According to some scholars, the most proper meaning of the Hadith, "The matter of this nation will continue well-established when they are ruled by twelve caliphs who all belong to Quraysh", is that the Prophet (peace be upon him) intends the four caliphs (Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Alee (radiallahu anhum)), Mu'awiyah (may Allah be pleased with them), his son Yazid , 'Abdul-Malik ibn Marwan, his four sons and 'Umar ibn 'Abdul-`Aziz. These are twelve caliphs.

What I want to assure is that the strongest and soundest view concerning the twelve Imams is that they end with Hisham ibn 'Abdul-Malik as religion in their time was established, Islam was prevailing, the truth was apparent and Jihad was in force. As for what happened after the death of Yazid of difference and disunity in the caliphate so that Marwan ruled Al-Sham (The Levant) and Ibn Al-Zubayr ruled Hijaz all of this did not harm Muslims in their religion for their religion was predominant and widespread and their enemy was subjugated in spite of the dispute that happened then it ended by paying the pledge of allegiance to to 'Abdul-Malik and people became united in spite of the trouble that happened at the hands of Al-Hajjaj and others.

It becomes clear that the matter which the Prophet (peace be upon him) told us about has happened and ended whereas the matter of Al-Mahdi is to be during the last days (of the world) and that it has no relation to the Hadith narrated by Jabir ibn Samurah concerning the Twelve Imams.

Upon this view, four of the rulers were in the period of Prophetic khilaafah (Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Alee (radiallahu anhum)) and the rest were in the period of kingship, and the reign of all of these twelve rulers (ameers, khalifahs) ended before the first century of Islaam, as Umar bin Abdul-Azeez died in 97H.

Source: Concerning the Twelve Khalifahs That Will Rule Before the Hour, All Of Them From the Quraish,

Speech of Ibn Baaz concerning this affair


The first four are unanimous, however Imam Hassan is also Al-Rashida (the rightful) with established rule, as per an authentic hadith.

Moreover, it doesn't imply "in succession" so we can safely rule out Muaviya (RA) and others. Conversely, Imam Hussein and other Imams of Ahle Bayt, still the standard of rightfulness, didn't have an established rule, which unfortunately rules them out as well, given the 3 conditions, Quraysh, rightful & established rule.

So then we have Umar b abd Aziz unanimously, which accounts for the first 6, while Imam Al Mahdi will be the 12th. One must sift through history (& the news) to find the remaining 5 after Umar b abd Aziz, who are Quraysh with an established rule and most importantly rightful.

Quraysh have been a vibrant tribe, and you can easily find traces of the lineage throughout the world. I personally feel one certain emir would have definitely been one to have crushed the USSR in southernmost central Asia. Allah SWT knows best.


Umayyah were not from quraish so their names.will not fall in it as per Hadith.

All 12 names are very clear they starts from Hazrat Imam Ali A.S. till Hazrat Mehdi A.S. as there are many references given about Imam Mehdi A.S. that he will be from the blood line of Prophet.

  • Bani Umayyah was a sub-tribe of the Quraysh.
    – UmH
    Apr 13 '20 at 6:23

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