It is the science concerning the comprehensive evidences of fiqh.

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1answer
74 views

Non scholars quoting hadith and Quran for explaining rulings

I see the current trend of people quoting hadith on various furoo masail like position of hands in prayers, zakat on wealth etc. But I hear scholars say that non scholars should not quote hadith or ...
4
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2answers
204 views

What types of ahadith do scholars derive fiqh from?

There are many ways to classify ahadith. One method is by authenticity: is it saheeh (authentic beyond question), hassan (good), da'eef (weak), or mawdoo' (fabricated?) In my answer on another ...
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4answers
264 views

Prophet's (pbuh) life before Islam considered sunnah?

I read couple definitions of sunnah and they were all something like "whatever the Prophet (pbuh) said, did or approved to do." But none mentions these have to be after Islam have been revealed to him ...
2
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3answers
595 views

How Aql is different from Qiyas?

In Usool-al-Fiqh Shia uses Aql or intellect as a source of legislation as mentioned in this answer- http://islam.stackexchange.com/a/345/53 And the Sunni uses Qiyas or analogy in Fiqh. In my ...
9
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2answers
2k views

Imam Ash-Shafiee's List of Qualities of a Mujtahid

I recall sitting in a class where we talked about ijtihaad and mujtahideen, the ones who are qualified Islamically to be able to derive a ruling on a new issue (for example, organ donation). I recall ...
5
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1answer
181 views

Where and when did the notion of “You must follow one madhhab exclusively” originate?

Can someone with knowledge on the evolution of fiqh pinpoint something in history about where this notion originated from? Today we hear from one side that following one madhhab exclusively is almost ...
8
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3answers
282 views

Difference of Opinion about Ijmaa

As we've discussed in several other questions, one of the important bodies from which we derive fiqh (legislative rulings) is ijmaa, or consensus of the scholars. I wonder, then, how is it that ijmaa ...
8
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4answers
451 views

Sources of Legislation in Shia Islam

TLDR: What sources of legislation are valid in Shia Islam? Given that Shia Islam varies greatly (asharis vs. rafidees). I will explain by an analogy in sunni Islam what I'm looking for. In Sunni ...