Caliph means successor. The Caliph is the chief Muslim civil and religious ruler. There are four Kulafa al-rashidoon/righteous caliphs and they are Abu Bakr, Ummar, Uthman, and Ali.

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What did the prophet said about whom the first caliph should be?

As I know, there is an ongoing discussion on who the first caliph should be, but what did the holy prophet Muhammed s.a.s. said about this matter? What was his commandment? Is there a safe source for ...
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Requirements for being chosen as a Caliph?

Spawned from this question what is the requirements for becoming and remaining a Caliph (or ruler in general) according to Islam? Is there any requirement at all or whoever could reach the power and ...
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`Umar's statement on the doctrine of succession in Islam

I came across a hadith in Sahih al-Bukhari ; it is a rather long hadith which tells the story of Umar giving a sermon when his death was close. Please read the hadith before proceeding. I excerpt the ...
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What Sunni brothers know of the Ghadeer-e-Khumm Hadeeth?

Hadeeth of Ghadeer-e-Khumm is maybe one of the strongest reasons (based on Hadeeth) for Shia Muslims to be Shia, for those who have never heard anything about it, in the last year of his blessing life ...
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Abu-Bakrs, Omars, and 'Aishas in the offspring of Imam Ali

I heard that in the offspring of Imam Ali bin Abu-Talib (may Allah be pleased with him and honor his face), there were ones who were called: Abu-Bakr Omar 'Aisha Is this true? could you mention ...
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What different versions are there of the history of the Rashideen caliphs? Why?

I know there are at least two versions of the history of the first caliphs, i.e., how those people came to be caliphs: A simplified version, where the first three caliphs were elected by popular ...
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Does Islam have a flag?

There are many narrations where the Allah's Apostle (salallahu alayhi wassalam) mentions "flag" like the following one: Narrated Anas: The Prophet had informed the people of the martyrdom of ...
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According to this hadith, who is The Imam of this Time? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Does this hadith about “The Imam of the Current Time” makes any obligation for a Muslim? And if yes, who is the Imam of the current time? This Hadith is ...
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Why is there no longer a Caliph of the Muslim Ummah?

After the death of the Prophet (S), several Caliphs became leaders of the Muslim Ummah. I have two questions about this: Who was the last Caliph? Why is there no longer a set leader of the Muslim ...
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To what extent can Shura (consultation meeting of Muslims from some tribes) be used for selecting Caliph?

(derived from this question) Shura (mutual consultation) is clearly prescribed in the Qur'an, as follows: وَالَّذِينَ اسْتَجَابُوا لِرَبِّهِمْ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَأَمْرُهُمْ شُورَىٰ ...