Caliph means successor. The Caliph is the chief Muslim civil and religious ruler. There are four Kulafa al-rashidoon/righteous caliphs and they are Abu Bakr, Ummar, Uthman, and Ali.

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Were the military adventures of Caliphs conquering land after land just?

As far as I know the Prophet of Islam (pbuh) mostly fought defensive wars while after death of Prophet, Muslim caliphs began a journey to conquer land after land and to bring territories under their ...
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What is the punishment for disobeying the caliph?

Would it be considered the same as disobeying Muhammad himself? Assuming the caliph was fulfilling his duties. Or are there grounds to disobey proclamations by either? Any help or insight with this ...
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How is the word 'spirituality' understood?

What is the meaning of the word 'spirituality?' What does it mean in real? I understand that it could mean several things and is to be understood in specific context, but is there any general ...
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is it true that Islam Spread by the Sword? or Declared many War? [closed]

In the past Islam had big glory and had many region, could someone tell me why Islam had accomplished such a big glory and had so many region? according to that, is it true Islam had Declared so many ...
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Who has the authority to assign successor (caliph)? God? Prophet? People? (Shia view)

The society of Muslims needs to be guided by caliph after Prophet Mohammad (PBUH). Hence, after the death of holy prophet (PBUH), a caliph was assigned to guide and rule the Muslims. According to my ...
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Who has the authority to assign successor (caliph)? God? prophet?people?(Sunni view)

The society of Muslims needs to be guided by caliph after prophet Mohammad (PBUH). Hence, after the death of holy prophet (PBUH), a caliph was assigned to guide and rule the Muslims. According to my ...
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What did the prophet say about whom the first caliph should be?

As I know, there is an ongoing discussion on who the first caliph should have been, but what did the holy prophet Muhammed s.a.s. said about this matter? What was his commandment? Is there a safe ...
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Requirements for being chosen as a Caliph?

Spawned from this question what is the requirements for becoming and remaining a Caliph (or ruler in general) according to Islam? Is there any requirement at all or whoever could reach the power and ...
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Shia view about three righteous caliphs (Other than Ali R.A.)

There is a Sahih Hadith stating the names of ten (10) people who Prophet (SA) stated that they will be in Paradise. These names include the names of four righteous caliphs, Abu Bakar RA, Umer RA, ...
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Abu-Bakrs, Omars, and 'Aishas in the offspring of Imam Ali

I heard that in the offspring of Imam Ali bin Abu-Talib (may Allah be pleased with him and honor his face), there were ones who were called: Abu-Bakr Omar 'Aisha Is this true? could you mention ...
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Does Islam have a flag?

There are many narrations where the Allah's Apostle (salallahu alayhi wassalam) mentions "flag" like the following one: Narrated Anas: The Prophet had informed the people of the martyrdom of ...
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Why is there no longer a Caliph of the Muslim Ummah?

After the death of the Prophet (S), several Caliphs became leaders of the Muslim Ummah. I have two questions about this: Who was the last Caliph? Why is there no longer a set leader of the Muslim ...
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To what extent can Shura (consultation of Muslims) be used for selecting Caliph?

(derived from this question) Shura (mutual consultation) is clearly prescribed in the Qur'an, as follows: وَالَّذِينَ اسْتَجَابُوا لِرَبِّهِمْ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَأَمْرُهُمْ شُورَىٰ ...