Arabic is the language in which the Quran was revealed. It is the language of the Salaat (prayer). Arabic has 28 letters, a few punctuation marks, and is considered one of the hardest languages in the world. Scholars consider it crucial to learn Arabic to read the Quran.

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Niyat for Sunnah Umrah Namaz

Assalaamualaikum Please Share the Niyat for 2 Rakat Sunnah Umrah Namaz in Arabic with transliteration and translation
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Why Latin in Anno Hegirae?

I just discovered the term "Anno Hegirae" for the first time (I'm not Muslim). I'm curious, why does the term use Latin rather than Arabic? Is there a version of the term in Arabic? What is that ...
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What does “akhdaan” mean?

What does أَخْدَانٍ (used in verse 4:25 and 5:5) mean? ...مُحْصِنِينَ غَيْرَ مُسَافِحِينَ وَلَا مُتَّخِذِي أَخْدَانٍ... I have checked a few tafseers like Al Tabari, Ibn Kathir, and Al-Mizan but ...
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Difference between “fakeer” and “maskeen”

What is the difference between "fakeer" (فقير) and "maskeen" (مسكين)? Are they different levels of poor, or do they refer to the same thing? Also what conditions must apply to be considered for each ...
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Why Friday is Called “Jumua”

Sunday is called as youmul ahad, and monday is youmul ithnain... The rest of the days in a week except Friday are called with their number... But what is the reason only Friday is called jumua?.
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How is hamzat-al-wasl pronounced at the beginning of an ayah?

I know that at the beginning of a noun, when the hamzat-al-wasl in the definite article الْ is pronounced, it is always pronounced as "al-" (i.e. with a fatha). However, using Al-Fatihah 6 as an ...
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What are different interpretations of the meanings of abbreviations in the Quran? [duplicate]

The second Surah of Quran begins with the letters Alif Laam Meem. Throughout the Quran, the appearance of similar mysterious letters occurs multiple times. What are some different interpretations of ...
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Question in reading the Quran and tajweed for beginner

Assalamu alaikum. I am learning how to read Arrabic alphabets and how to read Quran. I'm slightly confused with something: In the first verse of Sura Al-Faatiha, the spelling suggests the following ...
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“REHAN” and “RIHAN” has the same meaning in arabic context?

As salam wa alaikum, In the Arabic context is it ok if we spell as "RIHAN" or "REHAN"? Are both same meaning in arabic context ?
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What is the meaning behind the idiom “ثكلتك أمك”?

In many ahadith, the idiom "ثكلتك أمك" ("May your mother lose you") is found; I have also seen similar constructs with different wording (e.g. "ثكلتك الثواكل"). From context, this appears to be used ...
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Do the Arabic names of the prophets have any meaning?

In the bible, many (most?) of the major characters are given meaningful names. For example, the name of the prophet Ishmael literally means "God has heard" in Hebrew, and is derived from the ...
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346 views

How different is Classical Arabic from modern Arabic?

I've been brought up in the West and I'm interested in learning Classical Arabic. As a first step I'm going through an introduction to Modern Arabic. I'd like to gauge the distance I've got to go: ...
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What is the meaning of 24:57?

In the Qur'an, while talking about the disbelievers, God says "لا تحسبن الذين كفروا معجزين في الأرض". I have, however, seen two very different translations for this ayah: Never think that the ...
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“Ya Allah” vs “Allahuma”

I have a little but not much knowledge of Arabic. Although God is called Al-Karim, I hear the invocation Ya Karim, but I never heard the invocation Ya Al-Karim or Ya-l-Karim. Same for other names of ...
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What do the words “Muslim” and “Kafir” mean?

A previous question asked what does the word "islam" mean? The answer was unambiguous: submit in Arabic means Islam. In the spirit of this previous excellent answer, what do the Arabic words Muslim ...
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Arabic broken plurals and other plurals

In the Arabic languange, there are two forms of plural: one of them is the broken plural, and the other is rafa' plural according to a combination. For example, in the Qur'an, both kuffarun and ...
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What does “السلام عليكم أيها النبي” actually mean?

When I first learnt how to pray salat, I was taught as part of the tashahud to recite the phrase "السلام عليكم أيها النبي." I am hardly fluent in Arabic, but my translation of the above is basically ...
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546 views

Best way to learn the Classical Arabic (Fusha)

I know the arabic script, and can read the Quran. But I have no understanding of what I'm reading. What is the best route to learning Classical Arabic? Most of the guides I've seen (in the UK) deal ...
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107 views

What is the root of ربا?

ربا is undoubtedly haram as per the Qur'an, which says, "وأحل الله البيع وحرم الربا". This is almost universally translated as "interest" or "usury" in English. As per the Qur'anic Arabic Corpus, ...
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Who is Lord in Islam?

قَالَ رَبُّنَا الَّذِي أَعْطَىٰ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ خَلْقَهُ ثُمَّ هَدَىٰ He said: "Our Lord is He Who gave to each (created) thing its [particular] form and nature [through which it is ...
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What is the difference between خلد (khuld) and لَا يَمُوتُ (la yamut)

As far as I can see, there are two different ways to express immortality in Qur'an, one is by using the root خلد (khuld), which as far as I can see is used for people. Surat Ash-Shu`arā' 129 And ...
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What is the Lam for?

In Surah Al Mujadalah Ayah 3, Allah(SWT) says: وَالَّذِينَ يُظَاهِرُونَ مِنْ نِسَائِهِمْ ثُمَّ يَعُودُونَ لِمَا قَالُوا What is the Lam (اللام) connected to? and what is the tafseer/meaning ...
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What is I'rabul Qur'an?

I was recently introduced to the term I'rab (الإعراب) al-Qur'an, and told it was one of the sciences of the Qur'an. Now me, I love sciences of the Qur'an as much as anybody else (hey, who doesn't), ...
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Is there a Maf'ool مفعول in Ayah 20 of Suratul Insan?

وَإِذَا رَأَيۡتَ ثَمَّ رَأَيۡتَ نَعِيمً۬ا وَمُلۡكً۬ا كَبِيرًا (٢٠) Is there a Maf'ool for رأيت ? If so than where is it? Please your sources if possible.
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Whence came PBUH?

إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ۚ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا Indeed, Allah confers blessing upon the Prophet, and His ...
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What are the readings (qira'at) of Quran?

As far as I know there are more than one reading for Quran. Some say they are 7 and others say they are 14. What does that mean? Are there more than one Quran? Which reading is the correct one and ...
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What does the word “Islam” mean?

In the UK, there is debate about what what the word Islam means. Maajid Nawaz claims it means peace, Anjum Choudary claims it means submission. What does the word Islam mean?
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Meaning and usage of Assalamu alaikum?

Assalamu alaikum, I would like to know the meaning,usage of Assalamu alaikum. Jazaakallah Khair
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What is the correct word for a disbeliever?

I once found this fantastic website: Explaining Surah 9:29 One of the things that learned from it is that there are two separate words for a disbeliever: KAAFIR (sing.) Kaafiroon or Kaafireen ...
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Difference between the east (مشرق) in singular, dual, an plural forms

In Surat Al-Baqarah, verse 115, Allah says: Here, Allah says that he owns Al-Mashriq (literally: the east/sunrise), in the Arabic singular form, المشرق . In Surah Ar-Rahman, verse 17, Allah says: ...
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Saddan vs. Suddan - Surah Yasin

Allah says: Translation: And We have put before them a barrier and behind them a barrier and covered them, so they do not see. (Surah Yasin, verse 9) In the most common qira'ah (Hafs 'an 'Aasim), ...
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Why are there different translations of the Quran?

Often I have came across translations of Quran and the translation is totally different between two interpreters. Why is it so when the Quran itself is very clear? As an example Note here, ...
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Ar-Rusul in Passive Voice with Feminine Singular

Surah Al-An'aam, verse 34, begins with: وَلَقَدْ كُذِّبَتْ رُسُلٌ If you ignore the first two particles (waw + laqad), it begins a verbal sentence with "kuthhibat rusulun." The verb (kutthibat) ...
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What does “wa iyyakum" mean?

I would like to know the usage of wa iyyakum. When is it best used and, any restrictions What does "wa iyyakum" mean? When do we use "wa iyyakum". Jazak Allah Khair for the answer
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Why is there a repetition in Surat Al-Kafiroon?

I checked 2 mushaf and internet, and as far as I can see, 3rd ayah and 5th ayah of Surat Al-Kāfirūn are exactly the same. On the other hand, 3rd ayah translated as; Nor are you worshippers of what ...
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What does “Jazak Allah Khair” mean?

Asslamu allikum I would like to know the usage of Jazak Allah Khair. When is it best used and, any restrictions What does "Jazak Allah Khair" mean? When do we use "Jazak Allah Khair". Jazak Allah ...
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“As-Salāmu `Alaykum” for non-Muslims?

Is it proper to greet a non-Muslim with "As-Salāmu Alaykum" (Peace be upon you) or respond with "wa alaykumu s-salāmu wa rahmatu l-lāhi wa barakātuh" (may peace, mercy and blessings of God be upon ...
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What is the difference between “Kafiroon” and “Kafireen”

As far as I can see, the words "Kafiroon" and "Kafireen" translated the same. There are also different similiar words like "Muslimoon" and "Muslimeen". What is the difference between a word ending ...
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Nazzala vs. anzala: Qur'an vs. other books (Surah Nisa)

In Surah Nisaa, verse 136, Allah says: Before the first stop (jeem), Allah describes the Qur'an with "nazzala" (نَزَّلَ), while he describes the previous books with "anzala" (أَنزَلَ). Both of ...
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What is the difference between akhlaq and adab?

I have recently been introduced to the term akhlaq, defined in Wikipedia as follows: Akhlaq (Arabic: أخلاق‎) is an Arabic term referring to the practice of virtue, morality and manners in Islamic ...
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Significance of Prophet Yahya being “hasuwran”

Allah mentions in verse 39 of Surah Al-e-Imran: The fourth word from the end is "hasuwran" (حَصُورًا ), which Saheeh International (presumably accurately) translates as "abstaining (from women)." ...
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Additional Unpronounced Letter Waw in Masahif

I've noticed that in many masaahif ("mushafs"), certain words like "salah" and "riba" have an extra, unpronounced letter waw in them, such as Surah Baqarah, verse 3: The fifth word here is ...
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What does “right hand possess” mean?

In Qur'an translations, we see that the phrase right hands possess is used in many ayahs. What exactly does that phrase refer to?
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What is difference between hamd and shukur?

I was reading a tafseer of Al-Fatiha (in Turkish), and it is mentioned on that text that there are 2 kinds of ni'met (benediction), one is material and other is spiritual. It says that we shukur ...
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Significance of being resurrected “blind (from birth)” for denying guidance

In Surah Taha, Allah says: He will say, "My Lord, why have you raised me blind while I was [once] seeing?" (Surah Taha, verse 125) From surah 'abasa, we know that the word used here and ...
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Difference between “mukhlis” and “mukhlas”

Two words mentioned in the Qur'an are mukhlis (with I) and mukhlas (with A). They come from the same root word as "ikhlaas," which means sincerity. The former is often translated as "a person of ...
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What are the different opinions on the etymology of the word “Allah”?

In this answer, it is mentioned that (emphasis mine), Also, in Arabic, all words derive from their root verbs; so you can tell something about the meaning based on the letters used. In the case of ...
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What is the definition of a kaffir?

My understanding of the term kafir is that it refers to a person who literally rejects God's authority. So while even the most blatant polytheist would still be mushrik, he would not (necessarily) ...
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What is the difference between حَرَّمَ and نَهَى?

In the Qur'an, and throughout the hadith literature, there are numerous references to what is forbidden. However, I have noticed that what is often translated as the English word "forbade" seems to ...
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What is the reason of this differences in the three expressions in Surat Al-Kahf 79 - 82?

Allah says in Surat Al-Kahf in aya 79: أَمَّا السَّفِينَةُ فَكَانَتْ لِمَسَاكِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ فِي الْبَحْرِ فَأَرَدتُّ أَنْ أَعِيبَهَا وَكَانَ وَرَاءَهُم مَّلِكٌ يَأْخُذُ كُلَّ سَفِينَةٍ غَصْبًا ...