I was curious to know why people give citation from hadith? I have no intention to say that any of the hadith is false.
The Quran will surely not be changed but like the other books changed, can't there be a fitna over hadith changing?
Qur'an was preserved by divine promise. And the Qur'an says:
This means that our legislation comes first from Allah in Qur'an, and then from hadith of the Prophet, peace be upon him. Allah says:
Based on this, hadith occupies a very, very, very high status in Islam. The preservation was guaranteed through the science of hadith, which is an excruciatingly detailed study of every narrator of every hadith (their life, biography, memory, manners, etc.) as well as text of every narration.
Also, Allah refers to what the Prophet (peace be upon him) says as a form of wahi (revelation) Surah Najm, verses 3-4.
And in another place in the Qur'an, He promises to preserve the dhikr (sunnah, hadith) that has been revealed to the Prophet (peace be upon him). So the preservation of the sunnah is something that must happen, and we know this both by revelation and logic (how can Allah command us to follow something that isn't preserved?).
Also in the Qur'an: "Obey Allah and the Prophet." Surah Al-e-Imran, verse 32.
So there is no issue about hadith changing. The only issue is that some anti-Islamic sources fake and invent hadith; these are called "mawdoo'", or forged hadith, which are rejected.
Hadith also usually detail specifics. For instance, the Qur'an says, "pray in the morning and the evening." But it does not detail the specifics of how to pray; that comes from hadith.
Also, as Ershad says, during the time where Bukhari, Muslim, et. all started collecting and compiling ahadith together, they were extremely cautious about who to trust. An anecdote from life of Imam Bukhari follows:
For more details, consult the science of hadith. It's very deep and vast.
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There is no secret that the Hadith have been "tainted." The job of Muslims is to weed out the bad apples and get the true, historical Muhammad. Easiest way:
Examine Mutawatir Hadith(narrated by 10+ Sahaba). Ahad hadith are very risky to trust, especially if you don't know the chain. That is a science and you need to be a scholar. List of Mutawatir Hadith:
For example: the "Mahdi" Let's analyze this "Sunni" concept from an unbiased perspective.
Clearly, there is an evolution involved here. This Shia concept invaved the Sunni books and now is part of Aqeedah. Now, decide for yourself whether the Prophet actually said these things. Obviously not, after Ali died hadith began being forged about a person from his lineage who will redeme him. Sunnis adopted this and now every sunday school kid thinks its true. You can see as the books are written later and later, more foriegn concepts and false ideas are implanted into the mainstream. Protect yourself from falsehoods and deviations.
That's why only a few people can understand that a hadith is true or false. They should know several studies such as "Arabic" (To understand arabic well), "Rejal (English:Men)" (To know who quoted a hadith) etc.