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It is commonly believed among Muslims that Abraham was asked to sacrifice his son Ishmael, even though Isaac is clearly named thus in the Old Testament.

The Qur'an confirms the story of the sacrifice, but does not name the son involved.

Is there any Islamic basis for the belief that it was in fact Ishmael?

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I see you haven't accepted an answer. Are you expecting more views about this to trickle in? I'm trying to get a sense if the below analysis is pretty normative, normative in certain groups, or a fringe interpretation. –  Double AA May 13 '13 at 10:39
    
@DoubleAA you are right, there are more traditional viewpoints. –  Islam May 13 '13 at 12:22
    
@DoubleAA It's a fairly mainstream analysis. I just haven't accepted the answer because it doesn't convince me personally. –  goldPseudo May 13 '13 at 14:48
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1 Answer

In the following ayath in the Quran, one can conclude that Ishmael was the son to be sacrificed

And he [—Abraham—] said [after being saved from the fire]: ‘Verily, I am going to my Lord. He will guide me!’ ‘My Lord! Grant me (offspring) from the righteous.’ So We gave him glad tidings of a forbearing boy. And, when he [his son] was old enough to walk with him, he said: ‘O my son! I have been seeing in a dream that I am offering you in sacrifice [to Allah]. So look what you think!’ He said: ‘O my father! Do that which you are commanded, Insha Allah, you shall find me of the patient. Then, when they had both submitted themselves [to the will of Allah], and he had laid him prostrate on his forehead, We called out to him: ‘O Abraham! You have made the dream a reality’. Verily, thus do We reward the good-doers. Verily, that indeed was a manifest trial. And We ransomed him with a great sacrifice [a ram]; And We left for him [a goodly remembrance] among the later generations. Peace be upon Abraham! Thus indeed do We reward the good-doers. Verily, he was one of Our believing slaves. And We gave him the glad tidings of Isaac – a Prophet from the righteous. -(37:99-112)

The ending portion of the passage clearly shows the glad tidings of the birth of Isaac hence one can conclude that the verse is narrating about Ishmael.

Though, in bible they are places where it clearly says that Isaac was the son offered for sacrifice, muslims believe that it's because it was tampered. One of the evidenced put forward for this aprt from the holy Quran are the following two verses.

Abraham was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore him Ishmael. -(Genesis, 16:16)

Abraham was a hundred years old when his son Isaac was born to him. -(Genesis, 21:5)

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