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Does the shaytaan know what crosses our minds of ideas which no one knows except Allah and thus whisper to us what is in accordance with our thoughts to instigate us in harboring negative thoughts and committing sins?.

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Very useful question. This link can be helpful. –  eomeroff Feb 22 '13 at 8:43
    
Could you clarify your question? What do you mean by "know what crosses our minds of ideas which no one knows except Allah"? It sounds like you're already ruling out what you're asking. –  cartomancer Aug 12 '13 at 6:31
    
Even that is a prerequisite to answer this question , Does satan know what is going in our minds?, its my "belief" that he does not know, So if he does not know it then How can he interfere with our though process? –  Islam Aug 12 '13 at 8:32
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3 Answers

Iblis whispers to mankind to lead them astray.

From the evil of the retreating whisperer - Who whispers [evil] into the breasts of mankind -

Surah 114:4-5

This whispering is speech that Iblis intends to be hidden from Allah, but of course, that is not possible.

But do they not know that Allah knows what they conceal and what they declare?

Surah 2:77

Iblis uses ones' own thoughts against them, instilling doubts and fears.

One of the harmful effects of waswasa of thought is that the affected person always takes the negative view of things. Some people don’t see anything positive about themselves or those around them. They take a negative and morose view of everything. They never think of the strengths they or those around them have, but are always complaining about their failings and weaknesses. ... Another symptom of waswasa of thought is that the person gets fed up with life and remains sad. If the person is pious, he wonders why he has come into this world. He thinks it would have been better if he had not come into the world. ... The worst effect of waswasa of thought is that the person becomes suspicious. First he is plagued with bad thoughts about his own family, and then gradually this extends to the society. If this malady progresses further, he starts doubting Allah, the Holy Quran, the Prophet (s) and his Progeny (a.s.).

However, the whispers of Iblis are just about meaningless.

Those who believe fight in the cause of Allah , and those who disbelieve fight in the cause of Taghut. So fight against the allies of Satan. Indeed, the plot of Satan has ever been weak.

Surah 4:76

And if an evil suggestion comes to you from Satan, then seek refuge in Allah. Indeed, He is Hearing and Knowing. Indeed, those who fear Allah - when an impulse touches them from Satan, they remember [Him] and at once they have insight.

Surah 7:200-201

So, looking closely at the ways that Iblis tries to lead mankind astray, we see rebelliousness, weakened faith, increased pride, conceit, laziness, Muslim-to-Muslim fighting, and disregarding obligatory deeds. Unfortunately, no human is immune from these thoughts at times, no matter how pious they are. Iblis has been watching humanity since its creation. He has had enough time to learn how humans think.

Iblis only knows what is in every human's mind, but he uses that to trick us into thinking that he sees into our hearts. Only Allah truly knows our thoughts.

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ok, So can I conclude from your answer and the last italic statement that Iblis cant know our inner thoughts , but can whisper to us in accordance to an external observation. e.g satan can see our external behavior which guides his waswasas(evil whispers) –  Islam Aug 12 '13 at 17:52
    
@Ali Yes, that is what I conclude. I think he has information on billions of humans in his memory, and he knows how to manipulate humanity based on that information, but Allah does not let him know our inner thoughts. (I cannot find support for this, but I think that if he knew our inner thoughts, he would see the truth of the Qur'an and stop being a shaitan.) –  cartomancer Aug 12 '13 at 18:22
    
Satan already knows the Quran and he was once a Muslim, who became satan –  Islam Sep 12 '13 at 14:03
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No shaitan cant Read As Quran And Hadith said It Makes bad things Beautiful and attractive to you and will attack you from everySide

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Answers to this question cannot be verified. This question existed many centuries ago, many scholars had different (and contradicting) views.

I went by an arabic fatwa stating some of those views. You may use a translator if you wish.

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You can present a gist of the article here in english –  Islam Aug 13 '13 at 12:38
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