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While shirk is associating anyone other than Allah, and Kufr is denying or concealing the articles of Imaan. So does it mean that denying tawheed, is tantamount to kufr. But kufr may not be shirk, e.g. denying Resurrection, can be Kufr but not shirk.

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" shirk is associating anyone other than ALlah, isnt it denying tawheed" quite a paradox to me ;o –  owari Feb 13 '13 at 15:54
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Kufr is the denial and concealment of the Truth such as those who deny the obligation of Salah, Zakah, Sawm, Hajj in case of being financially and physically able, and dutifulness to one's parents, and so on. It is also like those who deny the prohibition of Zina (premarital sexual intercourse and/or adultery), consuming Khamr (intoxicants), and disobeying one‘s parents.

Shirk is to devote the acts of worship to anything beside Allah (Exalted be He) such as those who seek the help of the dead, the absent, the Jinn, idols, the stars, and so on or those who offer sacrifices or make vows to them.

A Kafir (disbeliever) may be called a Mushrik (one who associates others with ALLAH in His Divinity or worship) and vice versa.

ALLAH (Glorified and Exalted be He) says

And whoever invokes (or worships), besides ALLAH, any other il�h (god), of whom he has no proof; then his reckoning is only with his Lord. Surely! Al-K�fir�n (the disbelievers in ALLAH and in the Oneness of ALLAH, polytheists, pagans, idolaters) will not be successful.


ALLAH (may He be Praised) also says, Verily, whosoever sets up partners (in worship) with ALLAH, then ALLAH has forbidden Paradise to him, and the Fire will be his abode.
In Surah Fatir, ALLAH (Glorified and Exalted be He) says,

 Such is ALLAH, your Lord; His is the kingdom. And those, whom you invoke or call upon instead of Him, own not even a Qitmar (the thin membrane over the date-stone).
If you invoke (or call upon) them, they hear not your call; and if (in case) they were to hear, they could not grant it (your request) to you. And on the Day of Resurrection, they will disown your worshipping them. And none can inform you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) like Him Who is the All-Knower (of everything).

Here, ALLAH (Exalted be He) names their call upon things other than Him as Shirk and in Surah Al-Mu'minun, Allah (Exalted be He) names it Kufr.In Surah Al-Tawbah, ALLAH (Glorified be He) says,

 They (the disbelievers, the Jews and the Christians) want to extinguish ALLAH‘s Light (with which MUHAMMAD صلى الله عليه وسلم has been sent - Islamic Monotheism) with their mouths, but ALLAHwill not allow except that His Light should be perfected even though the K�fir�n (disbelievers) hate (it).

It is He Who has sent His Messenger (MUHAMMAD صلى الله عليه وسلم) with guidance and the religion of truth (Isl�m), to make it superior over all religions even though the Mushrikon (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of ALLAH) hate (it).

Here, Allah (Exalted be He) calls the disbelievers as Kuffar and Mushriks. This indicates that a Kafir may be called a Mushrik and vice versa. There are many Ayahs and Hadith that stress the same meaning.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said,

"Verily, between a man and Shirk and Kufr is the negligence of prayer." (Related by Muslim in his Sahih (authentic) book of Hadith on the authority of Jabir Ibn `Abdullah, may Allah be pleased with them).

He (peace be upon him) also said, "The covenant that distinguishes between us and them (the hypocrites) is Salah. Anyone who abandons it is a Kafir."

(Related by Imam Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Al-Tirmidhy, Al-Nasa'y, and Ibn Majah with a Sahih chain of transmission on the authority of Buraydah ibn Al-Hasib, may Allah be pleased with him). Here is a good link regarding disscussion "What is the difference between mushrikeen and kuffaar? Are the Jews and Christians mushrikeen or kuffaar?."
May ALLAH grant us success!

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