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When trying to look to see if a Hadith is Fabricated, one looks at two aspects

  1. The narrator
  2. The narration/the actual Hadith/The Matan

So when looking at the narrator, what are we looking for? What are the steps, and manners that should be taken and considered? What categories should the narrator fall under to consider the Matan as Fabricated?

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1 Answer 1

Well,

I came across a few information which could provide you the answer what you are looking for,

Al-Shafi`i states the following requirement in order for a hadith which is not Mutawatir to be acceptable:

"Each reporter should be trustworthy in his religion; he should be known to be truthful in his narrating, to understand what he narrates, to know how a different expression can alter the meaning, and report the wording of the hadith verbatim, not only its meaning. This is because if he does not know how a different expression can change the whole meaning, he will not know if he has changed what is lawful into what is prohibited. Hence, if he reports the hadith according to its wording, no change of meaning will be found at all. Moreover, he should be a good memoriser if he happens to report from his memory, or a good preserver of his writings if he happens to report from them. He should agree with the narrations of the huffaz (leading authorities in hadith), if he reports something which they do also. He should not be a Mudallis, who narrates from someone he met something he did not hear, nor should he report from the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) contrary to what reliable sources have reported from him. In addition, the one who is above him (in the isnad) should be of the same quality, [and so on,] until the hadith goes back uninterrupted to the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) or any authority below him."

-al-Shafi'i, p. 370f (Eng. trans., pp. 239- 240).

Ibn al-Salah, however, defines a Sahih hadith more precisely by saying:

"A Sahih hadith is the one which has a continuous isnad, made up of reporters of trustworthy memory from similar authorities, and which is found to be free from any irregularities (i.e. in the text) or defects (i.e. in the isnad)."

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Sorry, this doesn't really answer my question, I am asking how to tell a fabricated hadith, not a mutawatir nor a sahih. nor am I looking for a definition of the Arabic word for fabricated (Wad') . –  Mujahid مجاهد Feb 8 '13 at 15:15

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