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Someone asked me why Fatimah passed away in just 90 days or less after her father:

how did she die...my friend said she died naturally but I said she died due to an accident behind the door?

I am looking for a Shi'ite perspective.

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3 Answers 3

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Shia View

She was injured when defending her husband Imam Ali --peace be upon him-- at the time that Abu Bakr and Umar were trying to force Imam to give the pledge of allegiance to Abu Bakr, and she was later martyred from that injury that also immediately killed the embryo in her womb:

source: كتاب سليم بن قيس الهلالي، ج‏2، ص: 588

وَ قَدْ كَانَ قُنْفُذٌ ... ضَرَبَ فَاطِمَةَ ع بِالسَّوْطِ حِينَ حَالَتْ بَيْنَهُ وَ بَيْنَ زَوْجِهَا وَ أَرْسَلَ إِلَيْهِ عُمَرُ إِنْ حَالَتْ بَيْنَكَ وَ بَيْنَهُ فَاطِمَةُ فَاضْرِبْهَا فَأَلْجَأَهَا قُنْفُذٌ ... إِلَى عِضَادَةِ بَابِ بَيْتِهَا وَ دَفَعَهَا فَكَسَرَ ضِلْعَهَا مِنْ جَنْبِهَا فَأَلْقَتْ جَنِيناً مِنْ بَطْنِهَا فَلَمْ تَزَلْ صَاحِبَةَ فِرَاشٍ حَتَّى مَاتَتْ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهَا مِنْ ذَلِكَ شَهِيدَة

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another documents about that terrible injuries are here: Al-imamah va-al-khilafah page 160 "الامامة و الخلافة، ص ۱۶۰" and Al-millal va-al-nahl volume1 page 57 " الملل و النحل، ج ۱، ص ۵۷ " and Al-foraq bain Al-foraq page107 " اَلفرقُ بین الفرق، ص۱۰۷ " –  Fatemeh Baqeri Oct 6 at 17:10
@FatemehBaqeri, thanks for mentioning, you can also edit the answer above if you mind, by the way, the reason I used Soleim's book as reference is that it is the oldest and amongst the most approved history books for the very early history of Islam in Shia perspective. Thanks again. –  owari Oct 13 at 11:30

Here is some documents about the event

امام الحرمین الجوینی فی فرائد السمطین، مجلد ۲، ص ۳۴ و ۳۵ … وَ أَنِّی لَمَّا رَأَیْتُهَا ذَکَرْتُ مَا یُصْنَعُ بِهَا بَعْدِی کَأَنِّی بِهَا وَ قَدْ دَخَلَ الذُّلُّ فی بَیْتَهَا وَ انْتُهِکَتْ حُرْمَتُهَا وَ غُصِبَتْ حَقَّهَا وَ مُنِعَتْ‏ إِرْثَهَا وَ کُسِرَ جَنْبُهَا [وَ کُسِرَتْ جَنْبَتُهَا] وَ أَسْقَطَتْ جَنِینَهَا وَ هِیَ تُنَادِی یَا مُحَمَّدَاهْ فَلَا تُجَابُ وَ تَسْتَغِیثُ فَلَا تُغَاثُ… فَتَکُونُ أَوَّلَ مَنْ یَلْحَقُنِی مِنْ أَهْلِ بَیْتِی فَتَقْدَمُ عَلَیَّ مَحْزُونَةً مَکْرُوبَةً مَغْمُومَةً مَغْصُوبَةً مَقْتُولَة...

(Once, prophet was seated that his daughter came. prophet (pbuh) cried when saw her, companions ask the reason of crying so he answered:) when I saw her I remember what will happen for her after me, methinks I am seeing disaster will enter to her room and her respect will trample and her right will seize and her heritage will interdict and her back will break and her embryo will kill and she shout constantly: o mohammad, my father. and nobody answer her, she will ask for help but nobody support her. she is the first of my family that will join to me when she is low-spirited, involved, sad and killed...

and see this:

مسعودی شافعی فی اثبات الوصیه، ص ۱۴۳ فهجموا علیه وأحرقوا بابه، واستخرجواه منه کرهاً، وضغطوا سیّدة النساء بالباب حتّى أسقطت محسناً

...so they attack to him (Imam Ali) and burn the door of his house, and expel him against his willing and press the prince of the world women (byname of Fatimah) to door that caused killing of mohsin (her embryo's name)

and also:

صفدی فی الوافى بالوفیات، مجلد ۵، ص ۳۴۷ انّ عمر ضرب بطن فاطمة یوم البیعة حتّى ألقت المحسن من بطنها

Hazrat Omar beat Fatima'abdomen caused miscarriage of Mohsin (her embryo's name).


ابن حجر عسقلانی فی لسان المیزان، مجلد ۱، ص ۲۶۸ إنّ عمر رفس فاطمة حتّى أسقطت بمحسن

Hazrat Omar kicked Fatima (pbuh) caused miscarriage of Mohsin (her embryo's name).

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If the Prophet (PBUH) had foreseen something like this, why didn't he issue a warning against Hazrat Umar? And why would he have praised Hazrat Abu Bakr so wholeheartedly as, for example, in Jubayr ibn Mut'im's narration (which Bukhari and Muslim mentions) of what he told a lady near the end of his life? Are these hadiths not accepted in Shia Islam? –  N Unnikrishnan Oct 20 at 8:12
yes, is true if every body did a good work prophet praised specially if he was one of companions, and about the warning, I need to more research but this Hadith can be useful: –  Fatemeh Baqeri Oct 21 at 12:10
بينا انا قائم، فإذا زمرة حتى إذا عرفتهم، خرج رجل من بيني و بينهم، فقال: هلم. فقلت: أين؟ قال: إلى النار و الله. قلت: و ما شأنهم؟ قال: إنهم ارتدوا بعدك على ادبارهم القهقري. ثم إذا زمرة حتى إذا عرفتهم خرج رجل من بيني و بينهم، فقال: هلم. قلت: أين؟ قال: إلى النار و الله. قلت: ما شأنهم؟ قال: إنهم ارتدوا بعدك على ادبارهم القهقري، فلا أراه يخلص منهم الا مثل همل النعم. (صحيح بخاري، ج7، ص208، ح6587، كتاب الرقاق)م –  Fatemeh Baqeri Oct 21 at 12:15
Thank You for the effort, but it'll be great if you can provide an English translation or otherwise a link to a site which gives English translation, because I don't understand Arabic as yet (any more than just read). I tried searching Bukhari 7;208;6587 on google but the sites that come up top doesn't let searching that way. –  N Unnikrishnan Oct 21 at 20:57
Dear prophet said: future in Judgment day (Qiamah) some people that I know them, want to come to me, but they will be returned to another direction. I said where you are conveying these? they (angels) answered : swear to Allah to the hell! I say: what they had done? they say: true,these are your companions but, after you, they were apostates and came back to past foolish (Jahiliyah). and prophet (pbuh) continued: so won't release but a few number of them (companions). Sahih Bukhari,volume7,page208,Riqaq book –  Fatemeh Baqeri Oct 23 at 11:26

Here is the text and translation of documents I mentioned in my previous comment

«مقاتل بن عطیة فی امامه و الخلافه قال : ان ابابکر بعد ما اخذ البیعة لنفسه من الناس بالارحاب و السیف و القوة ارسل عمر و قنفذاً و جماعة الى دار على و فاطمه و جمع عمر الحطب على دار فاطمه و احرق باب الدار.» (الامامة و الخلافة، ص ۱۶۰)م

...when Hazrat Abu Bakr took oath of allegiance from people by force and power of steel, Hazrat Omar and some others went to Imam Ali and Hazrat Fatimah's house and collected firewood and burn their house's door.

and second:

عبدالکریم بن احمد شافعی فی الملل و النحل قال: «اِنّ عُمَرَ ضَرَبَ بَطْنَ فاطِمَةَ یَوْمَ الْبَیْعَةِ حَتی اَلْقَتْ الْجَنینَ مِنْ بَطْنِها» (الملل و النحل، ج ۱، ص ۵۷)

certainly, Hazrat Omar beat Fatima'abdomen in Allegiance day that caused miscarriage of her embryo.

and third:

عبدالقاهر اسفرائینی فی افرق بین الفرق قال: «اَن عُمَرَ ضَرَبَ فاطِمَةَ وَ مَنَعَ میراثَالْعِتْرَةِ» «اَلفرقُ بین الفرق، ص۱۰۷)

Hazrat Omar beat Hazrat Fatimah and ban the inheritance of Ahlulbait.

If you need more documents about this event I can write more about.

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