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I recently came upon Mahrams in Islam. I know that some of the Mahrams are clearly mentioned in the Quran as Allah says in Surat Al-Noor(24:31):

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Sahih International

And tell the believing women to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts and not expose their adornment except that which [necessarily] appears thereof and to wrap [a portion of] their headcovers over their chests and not expose their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands' fathers, their sons, their husbands' sons, their brothers, their brothers' sons, their sisters' sons, their women, that which their right hands possess, or those male attendants having no physical desire, or children who are not yet aware of the private aspects of women. And let them not stamp their feet to make known what they conceal of their adornment. And turn to Allah in repentance, all of you, O believers, that you might succeed.

I also found that the brother of your husband is not your mahram. As it's mentioned in a Hadith:

‘Uqba b. Amir reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: “Beware of getting, into the houses and meeting women (in seclusion).” A person from the Ansar said: “Allah’s Messenger, what about the husband’s brother?” Whereupon he said: “The husband’s brother is like death.” [Muslim 26/5400]

However, I couldnt find any authentic reference neither in the Quran nor in Ahadeeth that talks about brother in law from the sister side(sister's husband). So is a sister's husband mahram in Islam? I am looking for answers with authentic references.

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Anyone with whom you can marry he is not a Mahram for you, and husband of your sister is not Mahram with you as you can marry with him after your sister is not his wife any further (a man marrying two sisters at a same time is forbidden). You can check this with any Fiqh book that you wish (I'm talking from Shia school, though). Godspeed. –  owari Dec 22 '12 at 11:50
    
The hadith you quoted is cited generically for both sides in terms of brother-in-law. It's not specific to the brother-in-law from the brother's side only. –  ashes999 Dec 22 '12 at 14:07
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1 Answer

This Ayah is complemented by Ayah 23 of Surat An-Nisa'. Together, both Ayahs strictly whitelist all those who are considered Mahram to a woman. Any other person is not a mahram; no proof needed (whitelisting is the proof).

As for the case of a sister's husband, some people may be confused by the Ayah in Surat An-Nisa', whose narration forbids the marriage of two sisters. However, careful reading of the Arabic text clears the confusion and clarifies the meaning. All the people that were described as Mahram were mentioned as nouns, whereas the phrase about sisters is a verbal phrase. Thus we can say that forbidding applies for the people described with nouns, and applies for action described by the verbal phrase. This phrase is a proof for the possibility of marriage with the wife's sister after the marriage with the wife ends, and therefore implies that the wife's sister is certainly not a Mahram, because Mahram is a state that can never be changed.

Here is the text of the Ayah:

حُرِّمَتْ عَلَيْكُمْ أُمَّهَاتُكُمْ وَبَنَاتُكُمْ وَأَخَوَاتُكُمْ وَعَمَّاتُكُمْ وَخَالَاتُكُمْ وَبَنَاتُ الْأَخِ وَبَنَاتُ الْأُخْتِ وَأُمَّهَاتُكُمُ اللَّاتِي أَرْضَعْنَكُمْ وَأَخَوَاتُكُم مِّنَ الرَّضَاعَةِ وَأُمَّهَاتُ نِسَائِكُمْ وَرَبَائِبُكُمُ اللَّاتِي فِي حُجُورِكُم مِّن نِّسَائِكُمُ اللَّاتِي دَخَلْتُم بِهِنَّ فَإِن لَّمْ تَكُونُوا دَخَلْتُم بِهِنَّ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَحَلَائِلُ أَبْنَائِكُمُ الَّذِينَ مِنْ أَصْلَابِكُمْ وَأَن تَجْمَعُوا بَيْنَ الْأُخْتَيْنِ إِلَّا مَا قَدْ سَلَفَ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ غَفُورًا رَّحِيمًا Prohibited to you [for marriage] are your mothers, your daughters, your sisters, your father's sisters, your mother's sisters, your brother's daughters, your sister's daughters, your [milk] mothers who nursed you, your sisters through nursing, your wives' mothers, and your step-daughters under your guardianship [born] of your wives unto whom you have gone in. But if you have not gone in unto them, there is no sin upon you. And [also prohibited are] the wives of your sons who are from your [own] loins, and that you take [in marriage] two sisters simultaneously, except for what has already occurred. Indeed, Allah is ever Forgiving and Merciful.

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So the short answer is: Although a woman can not marry the husband of her sister - while they are married - they are not "Mahram" together, i.e. should limit looking and can not touch each other. –  Ali Dec 29 '12 at 11:41
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