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Rice of course is halal as far as I know, but what about of other seafood that can be used when cooking sushi such as shrimps, crabs, salmon, caviar etc?

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see also this related question:… – goldPseudo Dec 13 '12 at 23:22
thank you, that's very helpful! – Alex Petrov Dec 25 '12 at 11:00
up vote 10 down vote accepted

There are some ingreidents in Sushi that need investigation.

  • Shellfish, such as shrimp and crab. Most Sunni schools of thought regard them as halal. However, many Hanafis regard them as haram or makrooh. While Jafari fiqh considers shrimp and prawn as halal, crab and non-scaled sea creatures (such as eel) are haram.

  • Mirin is a Japanese condiment that has low alcoholic content, and is sometimes used in making Sushi rice. So ask the Sushi chef if they are using it or not, and if they do use it ask if it's the alcoholic version.

  • Meat is less commonly associated with Sushi, but it isn't unheard of. So of course pork and non-Zabiha meat is not halal.

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Of note, some sushi may also contain meats (e.g. beef or pork) which would obviously fall under the regular zabihah rules. – goldPseudo Dec 13 '12 at 22:36
@goldPseudo - Good point! – System Down Dec 13 '12 at 22:37
I also recall reading that eel is considered haram by at least one of the major schools, but can't find any reliable sources thereof. Prompted this related question:… – goldPseudo Dec 13 '12 at 23:54
@goldPseudo - Really? I love eel :( – System Down Dec 13 '12 at 23:55
@SystemDown AFAIK the general view isn't that strict about eels. – aIKid Mar 11 '14 at 9:28

Welcome to our site. You're asking a question that's both easy and difficult.

First, from the basics: all food is halal until proven haram. If there's something which you're not sure about, by default, you should consider it okay to eat. Most of the porhibitions are well-established in scripture (Qur'an and hadith), including:

  • No meat that is not slaughtered Islamically (2:173)
  • Pork and boar (2:173 again)
  • Alcohol, in small or large quantities (5:90)

On the other hand, anything from the sea is okay to eat (5:96).

These are the basic rulings that come into play with sushi. Whether food is permissible or not depends on these general maxims, as well as other, specific maxims, such as not eating predators, avoiding flambee, ingredients derived from animal sources that are not in super small quantities, etc.

I suggest some research, and finding out what's in the sushi -- looking at the ingredient list.

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Not all scholars agree as to what all is considered permissible according to 5:96; in order to be useful, this post should specify which school(s) it represents (at least for the claim "anything from the sea..."), or explicitly account for the difference of opinion. – goldPseudo Dec 14 '12 at 0:28
@goldPseudo that's beyond the scope of the question. Scholars talked about water predators, amphibians, etc. -- again, below the scope of this question. – ashes999 Dec 14 '12 at 0:48
Shellfish (e.g. crab) are well within the scope of the question, and are one of the categories in which the scholars differ. – goldPseudo Dec 14 '12 at 0:57
@zfm khamr means anything that intoxicates or clouds the senses or judgment. That includes alcohol, drugs, and other things. It is absolutely haram; Allah mentioned it in Surah Ma'idah. – ashes999 Jul 10 '13 at 15:30
@zfm rasulullah said "what's haram in large quantities is haram in small quantities." You'll have to bring a bigger proof than "nope." I suggest you read and study more before making these kinds of statements. – ashes999 Jul 11 '13 at 4:34

I have just understood that when Japanese make sushi, the rice making is also using vinegar, salt, etc.. and for the vinegar, not all vinegar can be consumed because sometimes it contains alcohol.. So, I don't know whether common sushi restaurants use edible vinegar or not.. Wallahualam..

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