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There are many cases, specially for the Muslims living in non-Muslim countries, that a non-Muslim woman draws her hand towards a Muslim man to greet him with shaking hands, or a non-Muslim man tries to shake hand with a Muslim woman.

What to do in this situation?

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Similar question: islam.stackexchange.com/questions/452/… –  Al Ummat Nov 21 '12 at 19:37
    
@AlUmmat No they are totally different. That question is not about shaking hand between man and woman, it is only shaking hand between muslim and non-muslim (both men or both women) –  Ali Nov 21 '12 at 19:53
    
+1,Good question. There are no exceptions to the rule of prohibition man shaking hands with foreign women or vice versa ..But at the same time, there is no sin of compelled to do it, according to his intention –  MYamanT Nov 22 '12 at 18:52
    
This is strongly related to (if not a duplicate of) islam.stackexchange.com/questions/375/… –  David Wallace Nov 23 '12 at 7:27
    
Also this answer may be useful in this and all similar questions brother, Godspeed with the difficult taks;) –  owari Jan 15 '13 at 4:59
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1 Answer

up vote 6 down vote accepted

Both are prohibted.As in Islam it is strictly prohibted to touch a strange person for women and men.Even both hand shakers are muslim(even man or woman) or one is muslim and other one is non muslim

Surah An-Nur, Verses 30 and 31

'And Say to the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts) and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (like both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer palms of hands or one eye or dress like veil, gloves, head-cover, apron), and to draw their veils all over Juyubihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bossoms) and not to reveal their adornment except to their husbands, or their fathers, or their husband's fathers, or their sons, or their husband's sons, or their brothers or their brother's sons, or their sister's sons, or their (Muslim women) (i.e. sisters in Islam), or the (female) slaves whom their right hands possess, or old male servants who lack vigour, or small children who have no sense of feminine sex. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. And all of you beg Allah to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful'

In THIS AYAT E PAK you can see that all womens are bound to hide them from others/strangers.So it is simply a logical thing that Even they are not allowed to someone see them then How it is possible that someone touch them? So same as for Men , They can't touch any strange women and are not even allowed to see any strange women
Let me share you some detailed links about this
1, 2 , 3

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please see the updated answer –  freak Nov 23 '12 at 7:18
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Sorry to be argumentative, but the passage that you have quoted does not support your answer. There are two questions - is it a sin for a Muslim man to shake hands with a woman (who may or may not be Muslim), and is it a sin for a Muslim woman to shake hands with a man (who may or may not be Muslim). Saying that believing women must cover themselves does not address the issue of whether it is a sin for a man to shake the hand of a woman (whether she is covered or not). Nor the other way around, really. –  David Wallace Nov 23 '12 at 7:25
    
please feel free to ask... Actually I'm telling you the same thing that EVEN to LOOK SOME ONE STRANGER(namehram), then how it is possible to touch some one(and shaking hand is a part of touching others body part) please see this link for detail justaskislam.com/69/shaking-hands-with-women and please also check the links updated in answer –  freak Nov 23 '12 at 7:42
    
@Learner I think comparison is not so simple in Fiqh. If you could provide better references to Fatwa of different schools, Hadith in addition to Ayah, it would be great. Also the conditions of non-Muslim people is different in some issues, like marriage, or even looking them without Hijab. –  Ali Nov 23 '12 at 10:44
    
I think i already gave the best reference from Quran..Even though it is logical .. As well as i also gave some links to at the end of my answer.Please Do read them first ... Il again say that IT IS PROHIBTED –  freak Nov 23 '12 at 11:20
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