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There are many cases, specially for the Muslims living in non-Muslim countries, that a non-Muslim woman draws her hand towards a Muslim man to greet him with shaking hands, or a non-Muslim man tries to shake hand with a Muslim woman.

What to do in this situation?

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Similar question: islam.stackexchange.com/questions/452/… – مجاهد Nov 21 '12 at 19:37
    
@AlUmmat No they are totally different. That question is not about shaking hand between man and woman, it is only shaking hand between muslim and non-muslim (both men or both women) – Ali Nov 21 '12 at 19:53
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+1,Good question. There are no exceptions to the rule of prohibition man shaking hands with foreign women or vice versa ..But at the same time, there is no sin of compelled to do it, according to his intention – Yaman ALTareh Nov 22 '12 at 18:52
    
Also this answer may be useful in this and all similar questions brother, Godspeed with the difficult taks;) – owari Jan 15 '13 at 4:59
    
MYamanT What exactly do you mean by "compelled"? How can anybody be "compelled" to shake hands with someone? – Erciyes Apr 26 '15 at 12:59
up vote 6 down vote accepted

Both are prohibted.As in Islam it is strictly prohibted to touch a strange person for women and men.Even both hand shakers are muslim(even man or woman) or one is muslim and other one is non muslim

Surah An-Nur, Verses 30 and 31

'And Say to the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts) and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (like both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer palms of hands or one eye or dress like veil, gloves, head-cover, apron), and to draw their veils all over Juyubihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bossoms) and not to reveal their adornment except to their husbands, or their fathers, or their husband's fathers, or their sons, or their husband's sons, or their brothers or their brother's sons, or their sister's sons, or their (Muslim women) (i.e. sisters in Islam), or the (female) slaves whom their right hands possess, or old male servants who lack vigour, or small children who have no sense of feminine sex. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. And all of you beg Allah to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful'

In THIS AYAT E PAK you can see that all womens are bound to hide them from others/strangers.So it is simply a logical thing that Even they are not allowed to someone see them then How it is possible that someone touch them? So same as for Men , They can't touch any strange women and are not even allowed to see any strange women
Let me share you some detailed links about this
1, 2 , 3

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please see the updated answer – Shaharyar Khan Nov 23 '12 at 7:18
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@learner, although I agree with you about your conclusion but that you said "Even they are not allowed to someone see them then How it is possible that someone touch them?" is not useful here as the hands from wrist down to fingers are allowed not to be covered if are not ornamented, they may be seen but still not touched! / Also, although not recommended but what we have strictly forbidden is touching skin over skin, thus touching (of course not with ill wills) from behind the cloths like gloves CAN be OK, but will most of the time be problematic and even may be considered close to Zinaa – owari Jan 15 '13 at 4:53
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What's a "strange person"? Do you mean a stranger? – Andrew Grimm Dec 19 '13 at 21:51
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yes right ..... – Shaharyar Khan Dec 20 '13 at 14:32
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You should all know that many do not agree with this. There are many logical fallacies in this theory too. – Kilise Feb 7 at 13:35

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