Take the 2-minute tour ×
Islam Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for Muslims, experts in Islam, and those interested in learning more about Islam. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Can we see Allah in the Hereafter, the same way we see the other things?

EDIT

@owari commented the link to this page that has already listed the Shia references from Quran and Hadith that watching Allah by eyes is impossible before or after death, including:

لاَّ تُدْرِكُهُ الأَبْصَارُ وَهُوَ يُدْرِكُ الأَبْصَارَ وَهُوَ اللَّطِيفُ الْخَبِيرُ - الانعام 103

وَلَمَّا جَاءَ مُوسَى لِمِيقَاتِنَا وَكَلَّمَهُ رَبُّهُ قَالَ رَبِّ أَرِنِي أَنظُرْ إِلَيْكَ قَالَ لَنْ تَرَانِي - الأعراف:143

Also Shia interprets ناظرة in ayah below as waiting rewards from the Lord:

وجُوهٌ يَوْمَئِذٍ ناضِرَةٌ إِلى‏ رَبِّها ناظِرَةٌ - القيامة 22 ,23

So I narrow down this question to the ideas of Sunni brothers - to prevent duplicate question:

  • What is the most agreed idea of Sunni scholars about watching Allah in the Hereafter?
  • Do all Sunni scholars have the same idea about this?
  • What is the reasoning behind their ideas?
  • If some (or all) believe we are able to see Allah in the Hereafter, do they mean seeing him the same way we see any other object now?
share|improve this question
1  
You may find your answer here. –  owari Nov 21 '12 at 20:55
    
@owari +1 Thanks, I updated the question accordingly –  Ali Nov 22 '12 at 1:38
add comment

2 Answers

up vote 3 down vote accepted

What is the most agreed idea of Sunni scholars about watching Allah in the Hereafter?

It is confirmed by the Quran, Sunnah, and consensus of the Pious Salaf that the believers will see Allah with their eyes on the day of the Judgement.

Do all Sunni scholars have the same idea about this?

Yes.

What is the reasoning behind their ideas?

Evidence for any belief about Allah is from Qur'an and Sunnah. While, in this post the verses which are evidence for this belief is quoted, it is also proven by overwhelming number of Sahih Hadiths. I quote some of them here (emphasis mine):

Suhaib reported the Apostle (may peace be upon him) saying: When those deserving of Paradise would enter Paradise, the Blessed and the Exalted would ask: Do you wish Me to give you anything more? They would say: Hast Thou not brightened our faces? Hast Thou not made us enter Paradise and saved us from Fire? He (the narrator) said: He (God) would lift the veil, and of things given to them nothing would he dearer to them than the sight of their Lord, the Mighty and the Glorious.

حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ بْنِ مَيْسَرَةَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ مَهْدِيٍّ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ، عَنْ ثَابِتٍ الْبُنَانِيِّ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى، عَنْ صُهَيْبٍ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا دَخَلَ أَهْلُ الْجَنَّةِ الْجَنَّةَ - قَالَ - يَقُولُ اللَّهُ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى تُرِيدُونَ شَيْئًا أَزِيدُكُمْ فَيَقُولُونَ أَلَمْ تُبَيِّضْ وُجُوهَنَا أَلَمْ تُدْخِلْنَا الْجَنَّةَ وَتُنَجِّنَا مِنَ النَّارِ - قَالَ - فَيَكْشِفُ الْحِجَابَ فَمَا أُعْطُوا شَيْئًا أَحَبَّ إِلَيْهِمْ مِنَ النَّظَرِ إِلَى رَبِّهِمْ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ [Sahih Muslim]

and

Narrated Qais:

Jarir said, "We were with the Prophet and he looked at the moon--full-moon--and said, 'Certainly you will see your Lord as you see this moon and you will have no trouble in seeing Him. So if you can avoid missing (through sleep or business, etc.) a prayer before the sunrise (Fajr) and a prayer before sunset (Asr), you must do so.' He then recited Allah's Statement: And celebrate the praises Of your Lord before the rising of the sun and before (its) setting." (50.39) Isma`il said, "Offer those prayers and do not miss them."

حَدَّثَنَا الْحُمَيْدِيُّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مَرْوَانُ بْنُ مُعَاوِيَةَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، عَنْ قَيْسٍ، عَنْ جَرِيرٍ، قَالَ كُنَّا عِنْدَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَنَظَرَ إِلَى الْقَمَرِ لَيْلَةً ـ يَعْنِي الْبَدْرَ ـ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ إِنَّكُمْ سَتَرَوْنَ رَبَّكُمْ كَمَا تَرَوْنَ هَذَا الْقَمَرَ لاَ تُضَامُّونَ فِي رُؤْيَتِهِ، فَإِنِ اسْتَطَعْتُمْ أَنْ لاَ تُغْلَبُوا عَلَى صَلاَةٍ قَبْلَ طُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ وَقَبْلَ غُرُوبِهَا فَافْعَلُوا ‏"‏‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ ‏{‏وَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ قَبْلَ طُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ وَقَبْلَ الْغُرُوبِ‏}‏‏.‏ قَالَ إِسْمَاعِيلُ افْعَلُوا لاَ تَفُوتَنَّكُمْ‏.‏ [Sahih Bukhari]

There are many hadiths regarding the same event.

If some (or all) believe we are able to see Allah in the Hereafter, do they mean seeing him the same way we see any other object now?

Your doubt regarding how we will see Him (Subhanahu wa ta'ala) is cleared by the statement of the Prophet(salallahu alayhi wassalam) in several hadith:

Abu Hurairah narrated that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) said: "Do you crowd one another in order to see the moon on the night of a full moon? Do you crowd one another in order to see the sun?" They said: "No." He said: "So verily, *you shall see your Lord as you see the moon on the night of a full moon, you shall not crowd one another to see Him."* (Sahih)

That we will see Him with our own eyes:

Narrated Jarir bin `Abdullah:

The Prophet said, "You will definitely see your Lord with your own eyes." [Sahih Bukhari]

And you will have no trouble seeing Him:

Abu Hurairah said : The people asked : Messenger of Allah! Shall we see our lord, the Exalted, on the Day of resurrection? He replied : Do you feel any trouble in seeing the sun at noon when it is not in the cloud? They said: No. He asked : Do you feel any trouble in seeing the moon on the night when it is full and not in the cloud? They replied: No. He said: By him in whose hand my soul is, you will not feel any trouble in seeing him except as much as you feel in seeing any of them. [Sunan Abi Dawood]

You can read several other Ahadeeth and statements of the Salaf and Scholars of the Ummah regarding the belief here. It is a compendium of all the evidences.

share|improve this answer
    
+1 for the complete and referenced answer –  Ali Nov 22 '12 at 12:29
add comment

There is a reference to seeing Allah after death, but only those who enter paradise.

In an uncited commentary on HadithADay.org, it is said that,

The blessings which Allah bestows upon His slaves cannot be counted. Allah has singled out the believers for additional blessings in this world, as He has blessed them with Islam, and chosen them to be guided by the Qur’an, and He will bless them exclusively in Paradise with the greatest blessing that He can bestow, which is the honour of looking upon His holy Face in Paradise, as He says (interpretation of the meaning): “Some faces that Day shall be Naadirah (shining and radiant). Looking at their Lord (Allah)” [al-Qiyaamah :22-23]

share|improve this answer
    
I updated the question to prevent duplication. Would you please update the answer accordingly? –  Ali Nov 22 '12 at 1:39
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.