I was wondering if Muslim women are allowed to work outside of their home? Are there conditions where it is allowed? What if the husband's income isn't enough for the family?
A Muslim woman must not be excessive in going out from home unless it is a valid necessity that cannot be fulfilled unless she goes out. So, if she has need to go out, she must observe proper hijab. However, if a woman is able to stay at home, that is better and protective for her. Allah addressed His Prophet's wives-who are our role models -
This is also reiterated when we read that Allah loves it when woman prays at home and doesn't go to masaajid though masaajid is the pure place for prayer.
However, Scholars of Islam don’t restrict a woman from working outside of her home. In fact, there are jobs where women are required. For example, teaching women or female gynecologists, nurses etc. There is nothing wrong in that as long as she abides by the following guidelines :
Also, since nowadays there are opportunities to work for a concern from home, this is good. It is also allowed by Islam provided she fulfills the job at home.
 From Tanbeehaat ‘alaa Ahkaam takhtassu bil-Mu’minaat (pg. 6-11) by Shaykh Salih Al-Fawzaan
I am no scholar, but the wives of the Prophet PBUP "worked". Hazrat Khadeejah was a successful merchant. How she conducted her trade, I am not sure, but it would be fairly difficult to be successful without enforcing some sort of authority, which meant it would require her presence or interaction with her hirelings.
Hazrat Aisha was a scholar. Scholars, do not live in a hole. They interact, albeit this kind of interaction can always be done behind a screen of sorts.
So the precedent is there, the only question is how to go on about it. For that Scholars have put forward their opinions with arguments. If this matter is dear to your heart, don't only look at their final statements, look at their arguments as well and decide accordingly.
As long as she doesn't violate the code of conduct and rules of Islam made obligatory upon her, such as:
then it is perfectly halal.
* same applies for men.
protected by Community♦ Jul 20 '13 at 7:28
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