There are some sources about tajweed rules and learning them is recommended. But what is tajweed? Is it a set of rules for only reading Quran or general for arabic? I learned the arabic alphabet and can read Quran. What does tajweed add to just knowing the alphabet? Is learning tajweed just a recommendation or a necessity?
Tajweed is a set of rules for proper pronunciation and recital of the Quran. It is meant to replicate the way the prophet Mohammad (saws) recited the Quran. Learning tajweed means learning how to pronounce the letters in the words correctly, which covers matters like when a consonant is silent or not and how long a vowel is kept.
It is only meant for reciting the Quran however, and does not apply to enunciating (classical) Arabic.
Applying tajweed when reciting Quran is considered to be fard ain; a must for all those who recite Quran. See the following ayah.
Asalamu wa alaikum,
Tajweed is only necessary for reading the Qur'an, Tajweed, as is explained in all tajweed books, is the art of keeping your tongue from making a mistake in the recitation of Allah's word/ The Quran.
Tajweed adds a beautiful voice, but that is not all, it helps you keep from making recitation mistakes.
Allah says in Surat 73 Ayah four
From this Ayah it would be Recommended to learn Tajweed, but not learn it but learn and apply it.
Tajweed is an art of reading Quran with a melody, and is a set of rules for non-Arabic readers to reading Quran correctly by using vowelized Arabic text.
The people who claim that Tajweed is required bring the following ayat as their proof:
This translation is not good, so I need to make some points clear myself. There are three types of "reading" in Quran; "telavat", "qurae" and "tarteel". Telavat is reading a text normally. Qurae is reading it giving your mind completely and trying to understand it. Tarteel is reading a text word-by-word, thinking on each word for a long time, maybe for several minutes. In this ayat, tarteel is used. The bold part of the ayat is translated as "... And tarteel it with a tarteel."
As you see, this ayat has no order of reading Quran in an artistic way with melody. In my opinion, some people love to hear molody, and they want to read Quran with melody too. They think it would be good if they read Quran with melody. But there is no order in Quran to read it with melody. First of all, our main example must be the Rasul Muhammad (pbuh); he never read or made people read Quran with melody in his entire life. Reading Quran in an artistic way is just a bidat that is brought to Islam with some melody-loving people (I'm not saying that loving melody is bad. It is a different subject.).
Allah wants us to read Quran, understand it, and live according to it. Allah and his Rasul does not order us to use Quran as an art tool.
There is another detail about this discussion.
The people who claim that Allah orders us to read Quran with Tajweed also claim that Tajweed is needed for reading Quran correctly.
Misreading of non-Arabic readers?
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When asked whether it is mandatory to recite the Qur'an with tajwid, Shaykh Muhammad Salih al-Munajid quoted the following fatwa from Hanbali scholar Shaykh Muhammad ibn 'Uthaymin (from the collection
As our bothers already explained. I just want to add this:
If you find it hard to read the Holy Qur'an, you will have a double reward. That's because: