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Hadeeth of Ghadeer-e-Khumm is maybe one of the strongest reasons (based on Hadeeth) for Shia Muslims to be Shia, for those who have never heard anything about it, in the last year of his blessing life the holy prophet --peace be upon him-- gathered a huge crowd of Muslims in a place called Ghadeer-e-Khumm and there introduced Ali --peace be upon him-- as his successor after he passed away toward Allah. The statement itself is rather a long speech, full of information in different respects, a good source of knowledge about most of the things that a Muslim is required to know and to believe. However, there is a sentence in it that reads "من کنت مولاه فهذا علی مولاه" (for whoever I was a leader -or more precisely, Wali- now this is Ali his leader -or again more precisely, Wali). Every time that someone was asking then why Sunni brothers insist on their beliefs and do not agree with Shia Muslims we were told because they say Mulah in this sentence actually implies simply a friend, not necessarily a leader and successor, then we were bringing plenty of reasons why that the Sunni brothers say is not right. Some years before it happened that I could obtain a book containing the whole speech, I read it, it was fantastic, but not only limited to the sentence cited above, there were many other and even stronger statements therein that was not going to let anyone interpret Mulah simply as friend, or be liked. Reading the whole speech I could never think about someone interpreting any different than Shia scholars conclude about it. Now I have come again to the very original question that how Sunni brothers may interpret it differently? The only reasonable answers is that what is recorded in their book as Hadith of Ghadeer-e-Khumm must be different than ours!? But still some Shia people say the differences are minor, so I preferred to ask the Sunni brothers directly what they think about it.

For your reference I add here the Hadeeth available to Shia people, See here for the English version (it starts almost from the middle of the page), also here in Arabic and here in Farsi.


In the links that I've cited above the complete form of the Hadeeth of the Pond of Khumm is partitioned in 110 paragraphs, from the 12th paragraph upto the last paragraph (the 110th paragraph) nearly all the paragraphs are very informative on the subject, introducing Imam Ali --peace be upon him-- as the only one eligible person in the view of Allah and His holy prophet --peace be upon him-- for Caliphate and succeedorship after the prophet, indeed this is the very subject the sermon is totally dedicated to, so it is not very easy to select some specific parts as witnesses for my sayings above, but anyway I am going to bold some specific parts so that you can declare the view of the Sunni brothers on this sermon more easily:

[NOTE. It really needs not one to read the text below completely in order to answer the main question, everyone may get the point I meant in my question by reading some parts of it, but this "some" may vary from person to person.]

The prophet --peace be sent to him from Allah and His angles and the believers-- said:

  1. وَأُقِرُّلَهُ عَلى‏ نَفْسى بِالْعُبُودِيَّةِ وَ أَشْهَدُ لَهُ بِالرُّبُوبِيَّةِ، وَأُؤَدّى ما أَوْحى بِهِ إِلَىَّ حَذَراً مِنْ أَنْ لا أَفْعَلَ فَتَحِلَّ بى مِنْهُ قارِعَةٌ لايَدْفَعُها عَنّى أَحَدٌ وَإِنْ عَظُمَتْ حيلَتُهُ وَصَفَتْ خُلَّتُهُ - لاإِلهَ إِلاَّهُوَ - لاَِنَّهُ قَدْأَعْلَمَنى أَنِّى إِنْ لَمْ أُبَلِّغْ ما أَنْزَلَ إِلَىَّ (فى حَقِّ عَلِىٍّ) فَما بَلَّغْتُ رِسالَتَهُ، وَقَدْ ضَمِنَ لى تَبارَكَ وَتَعالَى الْعِصْمَةَ (مِنَ النّاسِ) وَ هُوَاللَّهُ الْكافِى الْكَريمُ. فَأَوْحى إِلَىَّ: (بِسْمِ ‏اللَّهِ الرَّحْمانِ الرَّحيمِ، يا أَيُهَاالرَّسُولُ بَلِّغْ ما أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِنْ رَبِّكَ ــ فى عَلِىٍّ ** يَعْنى **فِى الْخِلاَفَةِ لِعَلِىِّ بْنِ أَبى طالِبٍ ــ وَإِنْ لَمْ تَفْعَلْ فَما بَلَّغْتَ رِسالَتَهُ وَاللَّهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النّاسِ).

“And now, I confess to my servitude to Him, so do I confess to the Divinity of His: and I carry out my duty concerning the Revelation has announced to me, in fear that if I were not to execute it, such a torment might befall on me that no one could eliminate it – even though having a great astuteness, and his friendship be sincere [to me]! There is no God but Him, for He has announced to me that if I do not proclaim to you [the Fact] that concerning Ali, (peace be upon him) has been stated to me, I have not fulfilled my mission as a Messenger of God. And God has guaranteed me of His protection against the people's corruption, for God is Generous, all-Sufficient. So, God has revealed to me thus: ‘In the name of Allah (Who's) the most Merciful Bountiful; O Messenger of Us! Announce this Message that to you being sent from your Great Lofty Lord, Regarding Ali, and Command of Ali, or else, then you have not carried your own task as a right Messenger of His; ‘DEFENDER’, from reproach of men, God is.’ (The Table: 5/67)

  1. مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، ما قَصَّرْتُ فى تَبْليغِ ما أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ تَعالى إِلَىَّ، وَ أَنَا أُبَيِّنُ لَكُمْ سَبَبَ هذِهِ الْآيَةِ: إِنَّ جَبْرئيلَ هَبَطَ إِلَىَّ مِراراً ثَلاثاً يَأْمُرُنى عَنِ السَّلامِ رَبّى - وَ هُوالسَّلامُ - أَنْ أَقُومَ فى هذَا الْمَشْهَدِ فَأُعْلِمَ كُلَّ أَبْيَضَ وَأَسْوَدَ: أَنَّ عَلِىَّ بْنَ أَبى طالِبٍ أَخى وَ وَصِيّى وَ خَليفَتى (عَلى‏ أُمَّتى) وَالْإِمامُ مِنْ بَعْدى، الَّذى مَحَلُّهُ مِنّى مَحَلُّ هارُونَ مِنْ مُوسى‏ إِلاَّ أَنَّهُ لانَبِىَّ بَعْدى وَهُوَ وَلِيُّكُمْ بَعْدَاللَّهِ وَ رَسُولِهِ، وَقَدْ أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ تَبارَكَ وَ تَعالى‏ عَلَىَّ بِذالِكَ آيَةً مِنْ كِتابِهِ (هِىَ): (إِنَّما وَلِيُّكُمُ‏اللّهُ وَ رَسُولُهُ وَالَّذينَ آمَنُواالَّذينَ يُقيمُونَ الصَّلاةَ و وَيُؤْتونَ الزَّكاةَ وَ هُمْ راكِعُونَ)، وَ عَلِىُّ بْنُ أَبى طالِبٍ الَّذى أَقامَ الصَّلاةَ وَ آتَى‏الزَّكاةَ وَهُوَ راكِعٌ يُريدُاللَّهَ عَزَّوَجَلَّ فى كُلِّ حالٍ.

“O people! I have not been neglectful about publicizing what has been delivered to me by God. Now, I am to explain to you the cause of the Revelation of this Verse: Gabriel, bearing His Command, came down to me thrice from ‘Peace’, the Creator – for only He is [the source of] Peace – he brought it to me that to stand amid this vast mass and deliver God's Command. Now, I announce you the coloured or white that: Ali, the son of Talib, is [as] a brother to me, and he is my executor, and successor to lead my people as an Imam after me! His relation to me is as Aaron to Moses is, except for no other messengers will follow me. After God and His Messenger, Ali is going to be your Conserver, and God has sent down a Verse saying: ‘Verily, your Guardian is Only God, His Messenger and the believers who pray and pay alms while are bowing down,’ (The Table: 5/55). Surely it is Ali who did set up prayer, and while bowing *down to pray+, paid out alms, and always sought the Will of Almighty God.”

17- فَاعْلَمُوا مَعاشِرَ النّاسِ (ذالِكَ فيهِ وَافْهَموهُ وَاعْلَمُوا) ** أَنَّ اللَّهَ قَدْ نَصَبَهُ لَكُمْ وَلِيّاً وَ إِماماً فَرَضَ طاعَتَهُ عَلَى الْمُهاجِرينَ وَ الْأَنْصارِ وَ عَلَى التّابِعينَ لَهُمْ بِإِحْسانٍ، وَ عَلَى الْبادى وَ الْحاضِرِ، وَ عَلَى ‏الْعَجَمِىِّ وَ الْعَرَبىِّ، وَ الْحُرِّ وَ الْمَمْلوكِ وَ الصَّغيرِ وَ الْكَبيرِ، وَ عَلَى ‏الْأَبْيَضِ وَ الأَسْوَدِ، وَ عَلى‏ كُلِّ مُوَحِّدٍ، ماضٍ حُكْمُهُ، جازٍ قَوْلُهُ، نافِذٌ أَمْرُهُ، مَلْعونٌ مَنْ خالَفَهُ، مَرْحومٌ مَنْ تَبِعَهُ وَ صَدَّقَهُ، فَقَدْ غَفَرَاللَّهُ لَهُ وَلِمَنْ سَمِعَ مِنْهُ وَ أَطاعَ لَهُ.** “O People! Know that this Verse is about him: so perceive it thoroughly and know that God has picked him as your Defender, and appointed him as your 'Leader'. His obedience is bound to the Immigrants, the Allies, and those who obey them in fairness; so is for the villagers and the citizens, the non-Arabs as well the Arab clans, and for the free men and the servants; for all – young, old, black and white, and for every Monotheist whosoever! You are bound to achieve his decision and word, and to obey his instruction! Whosoever opposes him is damned; and whosoever obeys him and regards, receives the Grace of God. God delivers and forgives whosoever gives ear and obeys him!

18- مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، إِنَّهُ آخِرُ مَقامٍ أَقُومُهُ فى هذا الْمَشْهَدِ، فَاسْمَعوا وَ أَطيعوا وَانْقادوا لاَِمْرِ(اللَّهِ) رَبِّكُمْ، فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّوَجَلَّ هُوَ مَوْلاكُمْ وَإِلاهُكُمْ، ثُمَّ مِنْ دونِهِ رَسولُهُ وَنَبِيُّهُ الُْمخاطِبُ لَكُمْ، ثُمَّ مِنْ بَعْدى عَلىٌّ وَلِيُّكُمْ وَ إِمامُكُمْ بِأَمْرِاللَّهِ رَبِّكُمْ، ثُمَّ الْإِمامَةُ فى ذُرِّيَّتى مِنْ وُلْدِهِ إِلى يَوْمٍ تَلْقَوْنَ اللَّهَ وَرَسولَهُ. O people! It is my final rising in such a [huge] gathering. Thus, listen, and then obey well [the Words of] God! And submit yourselves to His Command! For God Almighty is your Master and your Lord; and after God, your Master is the Messenger of God, the Prophet, who is at present calling out to you. And after me, according to the Divine Command, Ali is your Master, and your Leader, [Imam]. Then after him, the Leadership will be preserved, and perpetuated in my progeny, by his lineage, until the Day of Judgement when you come to encounter your God and His Messenger.

21- مَعاشِرَالنَّاسِ، لاتَضِلُّوا عَنْهُ وَلاتَنْفِرُوا مِنْهُ، وَ لاتَسْتَنْكِفُوا عَنْ وِلايَتِهِ، فَهُوَ الَّذى يَهدي إِلَى الْحَقِّ وَيَعْمَلُ بِهِ، وَيُزْهِقُ الْباطِلَ وَيَنْهى عَنْهُ، وَلاتَأْخُذُهُ فِى‏اللَّهِ لَوْمَةُ لائِمٍ. O people! Never forget him, and do not deviate from his Leadership, and do not violate his guardianship. He is one, who guides you to path of Truth, and he himself does all what he discloses; he ruins lies, deceits, and he bars artifice. Never can the reproaches of who blame [annoy and bother, or] cease him in his way!

24- مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، فَضِّلُوهُ فَقَدْ فَضَّلَهُ اللّهُ، وَاقْبَلُوهُ فَقَدْ نَصَبَهُ اللّهُ.

“O people! Honor him greatly; for God Almighty has honored him – do accept the ‘Bid’, for the Almighty God has chosen him as the ‘Imam’. 25- مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، إِنَّهُ إِمامٌ مِنَ اللّهِ، وَلَنْ يَتُوبَ اللّهُ عَلى أَحَدٍ أَنْكَرَ وِلايَتَهُ وَلَنْ يَغْفِرَ لَهُ، حَتْماً عَلَى اللَّهِ أَنْ يَفْعَلَ ذالِكَ بِمَنْ خالَفَ أَمْرَهُ وَأَنْ يُعَذِّبَهُ عَذاباً نُكْراً أَبَدَا الْآبادِ وَ دَهْرَ الدُّهورِ. فَاحْذَرُوا أَنْ تُخالِفوهُ. فَتَصْلُوا ناراً وَقودُهَا النَّاسُ وَالْحِجارَةُ أُعِدَّتْ لِلْكافِرينَ. O people! He has been picked as Imam by God; therefore, He does not accept the repentance of the deniers. It is the absolute God’s will on those opposing Truth. Beware of opposing him in ill-will, or you will be caught up by the Fire whose fuel is stones and stone-men that have been prepared for all faith-rejecters!

26- مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، بى ـ وَاللَّهِ ـ بَشَّرَالْأَوَّلُونَ مِنَ النَّبِيِّينَ وَالْمُرْسَلينَ، وَأَنَا ـ (وَاللَّهِ) ـ خاتَمُ الْأَنْبِياءِ وَالْمُرْسَلينَ والْحُجَّةُ عَلى جَميعِ الَْمخْلوقينَ مِنْ أَهْلِ السَّماواتِ وَالْأَرَضينَ. فَمَنْ شَكَّ فى ذالِكَ فَقَدْ كَفَرَ كُفْرَ الْجاهِلِيَّةِ الْأُولى وَ مَنْ شَكَّ فى شَىْ‏ءٍ مِنْ قَوْلى هذا فَقَدْ شَكَّ فى كُلِّ ما أُنْزِلَ إِلَىَّ، وَمَنْ شَكَّ فى واحِدٍ مِنَ الْأَئمَّةِ فَقَدْ شَكَّ فِى الْكُلِّ مِنْهُمْ، وَالشَاكُّ فينا فِى‏النّارِ. O people! I swear to Almighty God that the bygone messengers have announced ‘Fact’, about my coming: now here, I am proof for the whole world – on the earth, and in the heavens. Accordingly who doubts about my rightfulness, he will be among the early ignorance. And one who doubts about my today’s percept, will doubt the entire ‘REVELATIONS’, and one who doubts about one of the Imams, he doubts not one of them but all! And the denier: i.e. those who doubt Us, will be dwelt within the Fire.

28- مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، فَضِّلُوا عَلِيّاً فَإِنَّهُ أَفْضَلُ النَّاسِ بَعْدى مِنْ ذَكَرٍ و أُنْثى ما أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ الرِّزْقَ وَبَقِىَ الْخَلْقُ. مَلْعُونٌ مَلْعُونٌ، مَغْضُوبٌ مَغْضُوبٌ مَنْ رَدَّ عَلَىَّ قَوْلى هذا وَلَمْ يُوافِقْهُ. أَلا إِنَّ جَبْرئيلَ خَبَّرنى عَنِ اللَّهِ تَعالى بِذالِكَ وَيَقُولُ: «مَنْ عادى عَلِيّاً وَلَمْ يَتَوَلَّهُ فَعَلَيْهِ لَعْنَتى وَ غَضَبى»، (وَلْتَنْظُرْنَفْسٌ ما قَدَّمَتْ لِغَدٍ وَ اتَّقُوااللَّهَ ـ أَنْ تُخالِفُوهُ فَتَزِلَّ قَدَمٌ بَعْدَ ثُبُوتِها ـ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبيرٌ بِما تَعْمَلُونَ).
O people! Honor Ali, for he is indeed the best of men next to me among you, men and women! This will continue until the creatures exist on land and until God sends His provision to man! May one be damned, may damned thus! May one be buried in Wrath, in Divine Wrath: who refuses [listening to] my say, or agrees not with what I have just said. Know that Gabriel brought me this news of God, [saying]: "One who rises against Ali, and does not accept his Leadership, then, let My wrath, and My course fall upon that type. It is just for a man to see what [good or bad] he has forwarded for his tomorrow – Next Day. Thus, fear God, for by opposing Ali, lest your foot may slip after it is planted and found root! For indeed God is Aware of everything you do!

29- مَعاشِرَ النَّاسِ، إِنَّهُ جَنْبُ اللَّهِ الَّذى ذَكَرَ فى كِتابِهِ العَزيزِ، فَقالَ تعالى‏ (مُخْبِراً عَمَّنْ يُخالِفُهُ): (أَنْ تَقُولَ نَفْسٌ يا حَسْرَتا عَلى ما فَرَّطْتُ فى جَنْبِ اللَّهِ).

O people! He is indeed the one next to God, and God has remarked about whom, in His Lofty Book, and He has stated about those who oppose him: ‘Alas! How negligence I was at neighborhood of Allah!’”

30- مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، تَدَبَّرُوا الْقُرْآنَ وَ افْهَمُوا آياتِهِ وَانْظُرُوا إِلى مُحْكَماتِهِ وَلاتَتَّبِعوا مُتَشابِهَهُ، فَوَاللَّهِ لَنْ يُبَيِّنَ لَكُمْ زواجِرَهُ وَلَنْ يُوضِحَ لَكُمْ تَفْسيرَهُ إِلاَّ الَّذى أَنَا آخِذٌ بِيَدِهِ وَمُصْعِدُهُ إِلىَّ وَشائلٌ بِعَضُدِهِ (وَ رافِعُهُ بِيَدَىَّ) وَ مُعْلِمُكُمْ: أَنَّ مَنْ كُنْتُ مَوْلاهُ فَهذا عَلِىٌ مَوْلاهُ، وَ هُوَ عَلِىُّ بْنُ أَبى طالِبٍ أَخى وَ وَصِيّى، وَ مُوالاتُهُ مِنَ اللَّهِ عَزَّوَجَلَّ أَنْزَلَها عَلَىَّ. “O people! Do deeply reflect on the Holy Qur'an, and try to catch the Verses’ sense and comprehend, then try to observe the even Verses of its, but do not dazzle at resembled Verses. By God! Whatever is deeply rooted in it, and the true meaning and the sense of its cannot be well explained to man, except by this man that I am holding his hand high; now I announce that: ‘Whomsoever I am master to, so is this Ali to him master!’ And he is none but Ali, the son of Talib, my brother, my successor and my help, whose Leadership’s Decree, has been sent to me from God, Almighty

31- مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، إِنَّ عَلِيّاً وَالطَّيِّبينَ مِنْ وُلْدى (مِنْ صُلْبِهِ) هُمُ الثِّقْلُ الْأَصْغَرُ، وَالْقُرْآنُ الثِّقْلُ الْأَكْبَرُ، فَكُلُّ واحِدٍ مِنْهُما مُنْبِئٌ عَنْ صاحِبِهِ وَ مُوافِقٌ لَهُ، لَنْ يَفْتَرِقا حَتّى يَرِدا عَلَىَ‏الْحَوْضَ. أَلا إِنَّهُمْ أُمَناءُ اللَّهِ فى خَلْقِهِ وَ حُكّامُهُ فى أَرْضِهِ.
O people! It is obvious that Ali and my pure descendants born in this family represent the minor benefit, and the Qur'an represents major. Either of these two heralds, and relates to another, or they are in harmony with one another: they will not separate from each other until they come to me at ‘Koathar’, (on that Certain Day)! Let it be known that: they are the Trustees of God among His creatures, and are rulers by His Command on the earth.

33- أَلاإِنَّهُ لا «أَميرَالْمُؤْمِنينَ» غَيْرَ أَخى هذا، أَلا لاتَحِلُّ إِمْرَةُ الْمُؤْمِنينَ بَعْدى لاَِحَدٍ غَيْرِهِ.

Thus, let it be known that except this brother of mine, no one can be called the ‘Lord of the Believers’, who is here *as a brother with me. And let it be known that: after I am gone, the title of, ‘The Lord of the Believers’ is not allowed to be used by any one except for him!

34- ثم قال: «ايهاالنَّاسُ، مَنْ اَوْلى‏ بِكُمْ مِنْ اَنْفُسِكُمْ؟ قالوا: اَللَّهُ و رَسُولُهُ. فَقالَ: اَلا من كُنْتُ مَوْلاهُ فَهذا عَلىٌّ مَوْلاهُ، اَللَّهُمَّ والِ مَنْ والاهُ و عادِ مَنْ عاداهُ وَانْصُرْمَنْ نَصَرَهُ واخْذُلْ مَنْ خَذَلَهُ.

Then he added: “O people! Who is to you, in most privilege than you yourselves?” They said, ‘It is God, and His prophet – you.’ So he said, “Now let it be known that, “Whosoever I am a master to, so is Ali his master.” Then he added: “O Lord: please love those who love his Authority, and be the enemy to one who is his enemy. And assist one who helps him, but do not support one who holds him apart.

36- إِنَّهُ خَليفَةُ رَسُولِ اللّهِ وَ أَميرُالْمُؤْمِنينَ وَالْإمامُ الْهادي مِنَ‏ اللَّهِ، وَ قاتِلُ النّاكِثينَ وَالْقاسِطينَ وَالْمارِقينَ بِأَمْرِاللَّهِ.

It is he, who is the successor of the Messenger of God; the Lord of the Believers, and the Imam who guides [people] by the Command of God; and by His Command, he destroys those wicked who break their oaths, the vicious who turn away from goodness and righteousness – and those heretic who ran away from the religion!

38- اَللَّهُمَّ إِنَّكَ أَنْزَلْتَ الْآيَةَ فى عَلِىٍّ وَلِيِّكَ عِنْدَتَبْيينِ ذالِكَ وَنَصْبِكَ إِيّاهُ لِهذَا الْيَوْمِ: (الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتى وَ رَضيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلامَ ديناً)، وَ قُلْتَ : (إنَّ الدّینَ عِنْدَ اللهِ اْلإسْلامُ) ، وَ قُلْتَ : (وَ مَنْ يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَالْإِسْلامِ ديناً فَلَنْ يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ وَهُوَ فِى الْآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخاسِرينَ).

“O Lord! When You Yourself appointed Ali as the Guardian, You sent down this Verse about him and announced: ‘Today, I have perfected your religion for you, and I have completed my Blessing upon you, and I have approved Islam as Religion for you (The Table: 5/3). And also You stated: “In fact, religion in sight of God is Islam (The Family of Imran: 3/9); You also stated: “And whoever chooses any religion other than Islam, it will not be accepted from him, and in the Hereafter, he will be among the losers’” (The Family of Imran 3/85).

40- مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، إِنَّما أَكْمَلَ اللَّهُ عَزَّوَجَلَّ دينَكُمْ بِإِمامَتِهِ. فَمَنْ لَمْ يَأْتَمَّ بِهِ وَبِمَنْ يَقُومُ مَقامَهُ مِنْ وُلْدى مِنْ صُلْبِهِ إِلى‏ يَوْمِ الْقِيامَةِ وَالْعَرْضِ عَلَى ‏اللَّهِ عَزَّوَجَلَّ فَأُولئِكَ الَّذينَ حَبِطَتْ أَعْمالُهُمْ (فِى ‏الدُّنْيا وَالْآخِرَةِ) وَ فِى النّارِهُمْ خالِدُونَ، (لايُخَفَّفُ عَنْهُمُ الْعَذابُ وَلاهُمْ يُنْظَرونَ).

“O people! God, glory to Him in the highest, has completed Religion with the Leadership of Ali. Thus, those who do not show their submission to him, and his successors, who are my progeny, and born from his lineage and are going to continue until the Day of Resurrection, their actions will become useless in this world and in the world to come. And they shall remain in the Eternal Flame, so that not a single torment will be reduced from them, and no delay is granted to them. (The Cow: 2/161)

46- مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، (إتَّقُوااللَّهَ حَقَّ تُقاتِهِ وَلاتَموتُنَّ إِلاّ وَأَنْتُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ). O, people! Be heedful of God in such a way that He deserves, and try to be honorable Muslims and then die.” (The Family of Imran: 3/102).

49- مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، أُنْذِرُكُمْ أَنّي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ قَدْخَلَتْ مِنْ قَبْلِىَ الرُّسُلُ، أَفَإِنْ مِتُّ أَوْقُتِلْتُ انْقَلَبْتُمْ عَلى أَعْقابِكُمْ؟ وَمَنْ يَنْقَلِبْ عَلى عَقِبَيْهِ فَلَنْ يَضُرَّاللَّهَ شَيْئاً وَسَيَجْزِى اللَّهُ الشّاكِرينَ (الصّابِرينَ).

O people! I announce that I am God’s Messenger and before me, there were also other messengers. So, what if I should pass away, or be killed? Will you return backwards – turn on your heels? For one who turns backward, will not harm God, and God will reward those who are thankful and patient! (The Family of Imran: 3/144).

52- مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، إِنَّهُ سَيَكُونُ مِنْ بَعْدى أَئمَّةٌ يَدْعُونَ إِلَى‏النّارِ وَيَوْمَ الْقِيامَةِ لايُنْصَرونَ.

O people! Soon after me, there will come to you some leaders, who will call you enter the Fire, then, on that Day of Judgement, there is no assistant to rise for their aid! (The Narration: 28/41).

53- مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَأَنَا بَريئانِ مِنْهُمْ.

O people! Know that both God and I detest such crowd.

54- مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، إِنَّهُمْ وَأَنْصارَهُمْ وَأَتْباعَهُمْ وَأَشْياعَهُمْ فِى الدَّرْكِ الْأَسْفَلِ مِنَ النّارِ وَلَبِئْسَ مَثْوَى الْمُتَكَبِّرِينَ.

O people! These men along with their disciples, and their companions and their followers, will be thrown in the lowest part of the Fire; see how horrible is the place of such proud! (The Bees: 16/29).

55- أَلا إِنَّهُمْ أَصْحابُ الصَّحيفَةِ، فَلْيَنْظُرْ أَحَدُكُمْ فى صَحيفَتِهِ!!

Know that they are the followers of ‘Manuscript’, thus, now each of you should look at his own manuscript.

57- وَسَيَجْعَلُونَ الْإِمامَةَ بَعْدى مُلْكاً وَ اغْتِصاباً، (أَلا لَعَنَ اللَّهُ الْغاصِبينَ الْمُغْتَصبينَ)، وَعِنْدَها سَنَفْرُغُ لَكُمْ أَيُّهَا الثَّقَلانِ (مَنْ يَفْرُغُ) وَيُرْسَلُ عَلَيْكُما شُواظٌ مِنْ نارٍ وَنُحاسٌ فَلاتَنْتَصِرانِ.

But soon after I am gone, there will be some who shall unfairly take the Leadership by force, then replace it with Monarchy. May God damn the usurpers and those who take [the trusteeships] by force, but, of course, when, at that moment, God unleashes the infernal Fire, and melted bronze on you, the jinn and Mankind, you will not have a helper to be kind to you! (The Mercy giving; 55 / 31-35). 58. O people! God will not leave you on your own, except He has separated the pure from the impure; and God will not let you know of the ‘Unseen’, (The Family of Imran: 3/179).

58- مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّوَجَلَّ لَمْ يَكُنْ لِيَذَرَكُمْ عَلى ما أَنْتُمْ عَلَيْهِ حَتّى يَميزَالْخَبيثَ مِنَ الطَّيِّبِ، وَ ما كانَ اللَّهُ لِيُطْلِعَكُمْ عَلَى الْغَيْبِ.

O people! God will not leave you on your own, except He has separated the pure from the impure; and God will not let you know of the ‘Unseen’, (The Family of Imran: 3/179).

61- مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَدْ أَمَرَنى وَنَهانى، وَقَدْ أَمَرْتُ عَلِيّاً وَنَهَيْتُهُ (بِأَمْرِهِ). فَعِلْمُ الْأَمْرِ وَالنَّهُىِ لَدَيْهِ، فَاسْمَعُوا لاَِمْرِهِ تَسْلَمُوا وَأَطيعُوهُ تَهْتَدُوا وَانْتَهُوا لِنَهْيِهِ تَرشُدُوا، (وَصيرُوا إِلى‏ مُرادِهِ) وَلا تَتَفَرَّقْ بِكُمُ السُّبُلُ عَنْ سَبيلِهِ. “O people! God has stated me His exemption and restriction of certain things, and I also, by Divine Command, have ordained Ali the knowledge of it, and forbidden him [some things]. And [thus] the knowledge of ordaining and forbidding, remains with him; therefore, listen to his commands, so that to be safe, and obey him so as you may get on the course. Accept his Warning, so that to find the right direction, and walk on towards his ultimate destination! [Thus, beware] so as not to draw away from His Path into the diverted paths!” (Livestock: 6/153).

88- أَلاوَإِنِّى عِنْدَ انْقِضاءِ خُطْبَتى أَدْعُوكُمْ إِلى مُصافَقَتى عَلى بَيْعَتِهِ وَ الإِقْرارِبِهِ، ثُمَّ مُصافَقَتِهِ بَعْدى. Now, after my sermon is ended, I shall invite you, as a sign of your faithfulness, to shake my hand, then Ali’s hand, as a sign of surrendering to him and accepting his ‘Leadership’!

102- فَقُولُوا بِأَجْمَعِكُمْ: «إِنّا سامِعُونَ مُطيعُونَ راضُونَ مُنْقادُونَ لِما بَلَّغْتَ عَنْ رَبِّنا وَرَبِّكَ فى أَمْرِ إِمامِنا عَلِىٍّ أَميرِالْمُؤْمِنينَ وَ مَنْ وُلِدَ مِنْ صُلْبِهِ مِنَ الْأَئِمَّةِ. نُبايِعُكَ عَلى ذالِكَ بِقُلوُبِنا وَأَنْفُسِنا وَأَلْسِنَتِنا وَأَيْدينا. على‏ ذالِكَ نَحْيى‏ وَ عَلَيْهِ نَموتُ وَ عَلَيْهِ نُبْعَثُ. وَ لانُغَيِّرُ وَلانُبَدِّلُ، وَلا نَشُكُّ (وَلانَجْحَدُ) وَلانَرْتابُ، وَلا نَرْجِعُ عَنِ الْعَهْدِ وَلا نَنْقُضُ الْميثاقَ. وَعَظْتَنا بِوَعْظِ اللَّهِ فى عَلِىٍّ أَميرِالْمؤْمِنينَ وَالْأَئِمَّةِ الَّذينَ ذَكَرْتَ مِنْ ذُرِّيتِكَ مِنْ وُلْدِهِ بَعْدَهُ، الْحَسَنِ وَ الْحُسَيْنِ وَ مَنْ نَصَبَهُ اللَّهُ بَعْدَهُما. فَالْعَهْدُ وَالْميثاقُ لَهُمْ مَأْخُوذٌ مِنَّا، مِنْ قُلُوبِنا وَأَنْفُسِنا وَأَلْسِنَتِنا وَضَمائِرِنا وَأَيْدينا. مَنْ أَدْرَكَها بِيَدِهِ وَ إِلاَّ فَقَدْ أَقَرَّ بِلِسانِهِ، وَلا نَبْتَغي بِذالِكَ بَدَلاً وَلايَرَى اللَّهُ مِنْ أَنْفُسِنا حِوَلاً. نَحْنُ نُؤَدّي ذالِكَ عَنْكَ الّدانى‏ والقاصى‏ مِنْ اَوْلادِنا واَهالينا، وَ نُشْهِدُاللَّهَ بِذالِكَ وَ كَفى بِاللَّهِ شَهيداً وَأَنْتَ عَلَيْنا بِهِ شَهيدٌ». Therefore, say it altogether: ‘We did indeed hear your word and obey thus, and we are quite pleased, and shall submit us to what you have made known to us, with respect from our Lord, and from your part, about this subject of Ali, the Lord of the believers, and the Imams who will be born from his ‘Breed’. We swear allegiance with you, with our hearts, souls, tongues and our hands that we will live with this belief, and leave this world with this belief, and so will we rise on the Day of Judgement! And we will not change it, nor will we transform it; we will not have any doubt, nor will we deny it; we will not let doubts or hesitations enter our heart, nor will we turn away from this oath, or break our covenant regarding what you have advised us with the Divine Preaching, Ali, Lord of the believers, and the Imams who will come after him; Hassan and Husseyn; and the ones whom God has appointed to come after them. Thus, a pledge and a covenant have been taken from us, and we have done it with our hearts, souls, tongues, minds and hands. Then, one who was able, pledged by shaking hands, but if not, with his tongue. And never shall we change this oath, or God may not Witness any transformation from us...! We shall make this news from you known to all those who are [either] close to us, or far from us: to our kids and relatives; and we shall take God as our Witness! And God is Sufficient in this evidence, and you are, in this oath, our witness.’”

103- مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، ماتَقُولونَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ كُلَّ صَوْتٍ وَ خافِيَةَ كُلِّ نَفْسٍ، (فَمَنِ اهْتَدى فَلِنَفْسِهِ وَ مَنْ ضَلَّ فَإِنَّما يَضِلُّ عَلَيْها)، وَمَنْ بايَعَ فَإِنَّما يُبايِعُ اللَّهَ، (يَدُاللَّهِ فَوْقَ أَيْديهِمْ).

“O people, what you say now God indeed hears every single call, and is aware of any hidden thought going on in your minds! Thus, whosoever receives guidance, it is for his benefit, and whosoever goes astray, it is only to his deficit. (The Throngs: 39/41). And those who swear allegiance to you, they swear allegiance to God, for God's hand rests above their hands, (The Victory: 48/10).

104- مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، فَبايِعُوا اللَّهَ وَ بايِعُونى‏ وَبايِعُوا عَلِيّاً أَميرَالْمُؤْمِنينَ وَالْحَسَنَ وَالْحُسَيْنَ وَالْأَئِمَّةَ (مِنْهُمْ فِى ‏الدُّنْيا وَالْآخِرَةِ) كَلِمَةً باقِيَةً. يُهْلِكُ اللَّهُ مَنْ غَدَرَ وَ يَرْحَمُ مَنْ وَ فى، (وَ مَنْ نَكَثَ فَإِنَّما يَنْكُثُ عَلى نَفْسِهِ وَ مَنْ أَوْفى‏ بِما عاهَدَ عَلَيْهُ‏اللَّهَ فَسَيُؤْتيهِ أَجْراً عَظيماً). O people, now, swear allegiance with God, and swear so with me; and swear allegiance with Ali, the Lord of the believers, and do swear allegiance with Hassan and Hosseyn, as well with the Imams who will surely follow them – those who hold ceaseless commands in this world and the world to come. God certainly destroys those who tread on their oath, but He bestows His Grace upon those who are loyal and true. Therefore, one who breaks his oath, he abuses his soul, but one who fulfills his oath with God, God bestows on him a great Reward [of His]! (The Victory: 48/10).

105- مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، قُولُوا الَّذى قُلْتُ لَكُمْ وَسَلِّمُوا عَلى عَلىٍّ بِإِمْرَةِ الْمُؤْمِنينَ، وَقُولُوا: (سَمِعْنا وَ أَطَعْنا غُفْرانَكَ رَبَّنا وَ إِلَيْكَ الْمَصيرُ)، وَ قُولوا: (اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذى هَدانا لِهذا وَ ما كُنّا لِنَهْتَدِىَ لَوْلا أَنْ هَدانَا اللَّهُ لَقَدْ جاءَتْ رُسُلُ رَبِّنا بِالْحَقِّ) .

O people! Repeat what I have told you to do, and greet Ali, as a great man who is ‘The Lord of the believers’, and confess: ‘We heard and obeyed! O our Lord, so, we beg Your Forgiveness, and our return is toward You!’ (The Cow: a part of 285). And say: “All praise is to God Who led us to this; or else, we would never have been guided if God had not led us on. Surely the messengers brought (us) the Truth.”... (The Heights: 7/43).

109- مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، قُولُوا ما يَرْضَى‏اللَّهُ بِهِ عَنْكُمْ مِنَ الْقَوْلِ، فَإِنْ تَكْفُرُوا أَنْتُمْ وَ مَنْ فِى الْأَرْضِ جَميعاً فَلَنْ يَضُرَّاللَّهَ شَيْئاً.

O people! Say such a word that it satisfies God, for even if you, and all dwellers on the Earth, become unbelievers, no harm approaches God.

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closed as unclear what you're asking by goldPseudo Nov 5 '14 at 0:21

Please clarify your specific problem or add additional details to highlight exactly what you need. As it's currently written, it’s hard to tell exactly what you're asking. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question.If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

@Abdullah this hadith is not only this sentence. it has much more about Imamat and Caliphate of Ali Ibn Abi Talib a.s. here are references from different sunni hadith books: here is full text of Imam Ali a.s had 3 different travel to Yemen and usually sunni scholars mix the facts of these 3 travel with Ghadir hadith to decrease importance of Ghadir hadith. – Battle of Karbala Nov 4 '12 at 14:57
@Ahmadi Thanks, I know the hadith. However, the matn of the hadith has had several additions over the years and Early (and present) sunni scholars have weakened those additions. If I have to go through all the versions and scholarly review of those version, it will be quite long (or unrelated to what the question might have meant). That is why I had to ask if the question is about only the particular statement. I would like the clarification from questioner. – Abdullah Nov 4 '12 at 15:10
@Abdullah, actually I was told Sunni brothers simply treat that specific statement as "Who ever like me now should also like Ali" or things like that. Strange to me is that I cannot interpret it such when I look at this statement within the context of the whole sermon. So Maybe it will be better for you to talk about the view of the Sunni brothers on the whole speech. Is the Hadeeth recorded in your books like the one cited in the question? If yes then how can you consider Mulah as friend? – owari Nov 4 '12 at 15:21
@owari I think it would really nice if you can quote the arabic and English translation of the exact text of hadith according to you. It will be easier for me to answer without straying away. – Abdullah Nov 4 '12 at 15:26
@owari it's very hard to read. Cross your eyes a bit and look at it; it's a big, uniform blob of text. You can't skim it, you can't pick out the main points, and you can't understand without reading the whole thing. That's not a good thing. – ashes999 Nov 12 '12 at 17:30

What do Sunnis think of Ghadeer Khumm?


The hadith of Ghadeer Khumm is found in Sunni sources which clearly shows the virtues of Ali in Islam. However, It is completely different from the one linked in the question:

  • The first hadith found in Sahih Muslim. It is a long hadith, so if you want to see it click here -

  • Another Summary of it as was written by Imam Ahmed:

    Ibn Burida says: I was with Ali in a ghazwa to Yemen. Then I saw from Ali jafwa (Not listening to is) So I went the prophet (PBUH) and I tried to be-little him infornt of the prophet. Then I saw the face of the prohet changes. The prophet then told Abu Burida: Am I not worthy to muslims than their themselves ? He saod yes. Then the prophet said: Whoever is my mwlah. I am his mwlah. Omar then came and congratulated Ali for this hight status. [Sanad is sahih based on the conditions of the two sheikhs]

Other than that, scholars have found many problems with the sanad and consider what is written above to be inauthentic and mostly fabricated.

For example: Regarding the revelation of the following verse,

This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion, [Ma'aida Ayah 3]

The narration in the question claims that this was revealed in Ghadeer Khumm, however scholars consider that claim false as there are stronger narrations (Sahih Muslim, Sahih Bukhari and An-Nisai) which claim it came down in Arafa. Click here to see the 3 hadiths -


This is considered a strong proof against any Sunnis who don't respect or appreciate the status of Ali (RA) in Islam. No one can argue against that. Nonetheless, Ali can never be compared with Abu Bakr or Umar. Check this question:

There are other Sunni hadiths which show his virtues such as the hadith in At-Tirmidhi - and the Hadith in Ibn Majjah -


Another thing to state, The words Muwlah and Wali mentioned in the hadith are used by Shi'a to prove that Ali is the successor, but they have different meanings and don't necessarily mean successor. You can find the Arabic meanings simply by just looking at any Arabic dictionary.

Here is the word Muwlah taken from this verse 71 Surah At-Tubah in the Quran:

والمؤمنون والمؤمنات بعضهم أولياء بعض

The believing men and believing women are allies of one another

The Arabic word أولياء(Awliya'a) was translated here as "allies". If you want to see the different meanings of it in English just go to and click on the different translators on the left side to see everyone translating it differently.

If you still not convinced or don't want to trust Sunni sources, check this part in Wikipedia ("Hadith of the pond of Khumm", 2014: I will copy it here in case it gets removed):

The word mawla is discussed in a non-Muslim fashion in a book edited by Monique Bernards and John Nawas called Patronate and Patronage in Early and Classical Islam.[9] This book sheds light on the word mawla.[10]

Monique Bernards and John Nawas translate it as follows:

Mawla may refer to a client, a patron, an agnate (brother, son, father's brother, father' brothers son), an affined kinsman, (brother-in-law, son-in-law), a friend, a supporter, a follower, a drinking companion, a partner, a newly-converted Muslim attached to a Muslim and last but not least an ally. Most of these categories have legal implication. Mawla is commonly translated as "a client".

In conclusion:

The hadith in Shi'a sources is not considered authentic according to Sunnis. In Sunni sources, the hadith confirms that Sunnis love and respect Ali and that anyone who disrespects him disrespects the prophet, but it doesn't mean that Ali is his successor.

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