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The name of Jibril (also know as "Gabriel" in English) and Mika'il are indeed written in Quran. But the names of Azrael and Israfil are not. How do we know actual names of these angels? Did we Muslims imported angel names from other religions?

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+1 I like this question –  user37 Jun 21 '12 at 23:53
+1 like your question, but there is no need for all those tags just angel. –  Al Ummat Jun 21 '12 at 23:56
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1 Answer

up vote 3 down vote accepted


There is no mention tying that name to the angel of death in either Quran or saheeh Hadiths. The name Azrael comes from Jewish traditions incorporated later by some scholars as part of what is known as "Isra'eliat".


He is mentioned in the Quran as Mikal ميكال.

Whoever is an enemy to Allah and His angels and His messengers and Gabriel and Michael - then indeed, Allah is an enemy to the disbelievers.

(Al-Baqarah 2:98)

The spelling Mika'il ميكائيل comes from a few disputed Hadith (see below) and Jewish traditions.


This name has only been mentioned in a few Hadiths such as this one:

أَخْبَرَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَفْصٍ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي إِبْرَاهِيمُ عَنْ سُفْيَانَ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَسَّانَ عَنْ جَسْرَةَ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ أَنَّهَا قَالَتْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ جِبْرَائِيلَ وَمِيكَائِيلَ وَرَبَّ إِسْرَافِيلَ أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ حَرِّ النَّارِ وَمِنْ عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ

"Oh Allah, god of Jibreel and Mika'il and god of Israfil. I seek your refuge from hellfire".

(Sonan Alnesa'ee)

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"God Israfil"? Is this a typo? –  Ahmed Han Jun 22 '12 at 0:07
@hkBattousai - Yes. Fixed. Thanks for pointing it out. –  System Down Jun 22 '12 at 0:09
@hkBattousai - edited to include new findings –  System Down Jun 22 '12 at 0:14
Oh, of course, Michael's name was mentioned in Bakara. I forgot and counted its name too. –  Ahmed Han Jun 22 '12 at 0:19
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