In Sunni Islam, I am often told that divorce can be performed without witnesses, which doesn't really make sense to me since everything in Islam requires witness (even when an adulterer commit adultery require witnesses). Is this the same in Shi'a Islam, and if so, why? Wouldn't unwitnessed divorce cause problems?
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According to Qur'an divorce requires witness: At-talq:65/2.
A man can start the process of divorce in presence of no one but it should be completed and committed with two witnesses after they fulfilled their term otherwise the divorce is not done and they return to their normal life.
Shi`a and Sunni Muslims differ in the acceptable method of divorce. Wikipedia says Sunni practice requires no witnesses and allows triple-talaq and Shi`a rules do not allow this.
The primary evidence used by the Shi`a are the first two verses of Surat at-Talaq: