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I learned from the Quran that our first parents, Adam and Eve, were living in Paradise until they committed sin/wrong. Quran says that they were forgiven of their sins/wrongdoing. If they were forgiven of their sin/wrong, then why did God being so merciful and gracious make them leave the garden? Does it mean He did not forgive them?"

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There can be no forgiveness, if there is punishment. And if there is punishment, there can be no forgiviness. –  Jawad Nov 25 '12 at 18:12
    
Isn't the story of Adam and Eve from the Torah/Bible? This should be moved to judaism.stackexchange.com –  Curious1 Jul 22 '13 at 20:21
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6 Answers 6

There were four sequential steps in Adam's story:

  • Order/Command

[ 2:35 ] And We said, "O Adam, dwell, you and your wife, in Paradise and eat therefrom in [ease and] abundance from wherever you will. But do not approach this tree, lest you be among the wrongdoers."

  • Sin

[ 2:36 ] But Satan caused them to slip out of it ...

Qortoby Tafseer states that this slip is considered a sin (Arabic reference: here). That sin caused them to be punished.

  • Punish

[2:36] and removed them from that [condition] in which they had been. And We said, "Go down, [all of you], as enemies to one another, and you will have upon the earth a place of settlement and provision for a time."

  • Repentance, Acceptance and Mercy

[ 2:37 ] Then Adam received from his Lord [some] words, and He accepted his repentance. Indeed, it is He who is the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful.

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Yes but that does not answer the question at all! –  Jawad Nov 24 '12 at 19:44
    
But they remained out of Garden even then. –  user426 Nov 26 '12 at 8:24
    
Sure it answers! Punishment came first, followed by repentance and forgiveness. –  Tarek Eldeeb Nov 26 '12 at 9:30
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before God blew his breath into hazarat Adam a.s he told the angels this creation of mine shall be my emissary khalifa on earth and I shall place generation after generation of them on earth.so no hazarat adam a.s was not sent to earth as a punishment it was meant for him to be there before he was even given life.
You should know this if you have read Quran and if you have then you obviously did not pay attention to what you were reading no disrespect to you my friend but study your Islam before making any of your own judgments.
Quran has all the answers you are looking for, all you have to do is read it from the beginning to the end not just bits and pieces.
If you have any other queries just post them and I will try to give you an answer to the best of my knowledge. The answer I have given you is from Quran.

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Since they come to earth, we have chance to show our good deeds. Since heaven is not the place of examination whether a person is good or bad, we, human beings, didn't have chance to show our work. Therefore, by making Adam and Eve(radiallahu anhum) leave heaven, Allah didn't become unmerciful, in a way, he become merciful to his believer creatures. Even we can say Allah was merciful to Adam and Eve in that event. Prophet Adam and Eve did their best in the life and he is named as Safiyyullah(one of the cleanest creature of Allah)

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My explanation is that It was God's master plan To send both Adam and Eve to earth. God Put them in a test by telling them not to eat a certain fruit and God knew that Adam and Eve will not follow his order. As he was merciful He forgave them when they repented but ordered them to leave paradise as by eating the forbidden fruit they had developed sexual Feeling and were deemed unsuitable for dwelling in paradise. So He ordered them to go to earth so that they can reproduce and perform more good deeds. Offcourse satan would stand in Their ways to do that but it was a test which God Believed out of His love for human beings that They must eventually overcome. That is why God said when Adam and Eve were sent to Earth that His mercy shall prevail over all wrath. Dr Haider Mannan

deeds

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Yes right, Allah has scenario for Adam to leave Eden. To make him His khalifah. Other creations can not do that, only Men can do.

Then here we are. big drama of human kind.

Adam is now in jannah, repentance was accepted.

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Thanks for answer! but the answer lacks references from Quran and ahdeeth. –  Mohammad Hossein Apr 6 at 18:58
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Allah's plan was to let Adam and eve live in earth in the first place, the sin was just to show that the satan is our enemy:

And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, "Indeed, I will make upon the earth a successive authority." They said, "Will You place upon it one who causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise and sanctify You?" Allah said, "Indeed, I know that which you do not know." [2:30]

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