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I would like to concerned Hadith/Quran citations if any in reference to celebration of birthdays of an individual?

Is birthday celebration allowed? If yes then how should it be? What is not appropriate? and other basic rulings in this case.

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Similar question islam.stackexchange.com/questions/2547/… –  Mujahid مجاهد Sep 18 '12 at 17:30

4 Answers 4

There's a difference between scholars; many scholars say that celebrating birthday is haram. Here's the fatwa in Arabic.

But there are many trusted scholars who disagree and says it's halal and you can celebrate birthday unless it involves haram acts, like drinking beer or so, in which case it's haram.

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Any reference to the second fatwa? You might also want add the relevant part of the fatwa in the answer even if it's in Arabic. Someone with Arabic knowledge might translate it. –  Bleeding Fingers Feb 5 '14 at 19:17

“Then We have put you (O Muhammad) on a plain way of (Our) commandment. So follow that, and follow not the desires of those who know not. Verily, they can avail you nothing against Allaah (if He wants to puish you). Verily, the zaalimoon (wrongdoers) are awliyaa’ (protectors, helpers, etc.) to one another, but Allaah is the Wali (Protector, Helper) of the muttaqoon (pious).” [al-Jaathiyah 45:18-19]

Full fatwa here: http://islamqa.info/en/ref/1027

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There is a word Bid'ah in Islam and it means innovation in religious matters. Some Islamic scholars says that birthday is Bid'ah as it was not celebrated by any of the prophets, apostles and their companions so if we celebrate it then it connotes that we are followers of Bid'ah. But, I am always urged to think that Birthday's celebration doesn't belongs to religion and nor there is any rulings about birthday's celebration in Islam then why is it said to be prohibited?. We know very well that innovations are much here as compared to the era of prophets, companions and companions of companions. For instance, Hazrat Bilal (Rz) never used electronic mikes to pronounce Adhan, There were no guns usage in wars etc. But today, guns are used and mikes are also used but they are not called Bid'ah. Then why call birthday's celebration Bid'ah?

Now, when there is no answer to this, the scholars show the ayah of Koran as stated,

“Follow what has been sent down unto you from your Lord, and follow not any awliyaa’ (protectors, helpers, etc.) besides Him. Little do you remember!” [al-A’raaf 7:3]

And I have also an answer to this argument which is quite logical. My answers says that the God, here, commanding us to not follow something beside' about which God has given order.

For instance God has declared that fast is what during which a believer has to stay hungry and thirsty till a certain time. But if anyone says that we can drink and can't eat during fast or vice versa then, to me it is actually Bid'ah and celebration of birth is not so because no any restrictions have been made by God about this nor there are commands that oppose birthday's celebration.

There are other Ayahs which are placed before us be like argument and that is,

“O you who have believed! Do not take the Jews and the Christians as allies. They are [in fact] allies of one another. And whoever is an ally to them among you – then indeed, he is [one] of them. Indeed Allah guides not the wrongdoing people.” [Koran 5: 51]

"And be not like those who forgot Allah, so He made them forget themselves. Those are the defiantly disobedient." [Koran 59: 19]

“Follow [O Mankind] what has been revealed to you from your Lord and do not follow other than Him any allies…” [Koran 7: 3]

Hadiths related to current argument:


“He who imitates a people will be from among them (on the Day of Judgement).” Anonymous


[Abu Daawood] And in another narration, he sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam ( may Allaah exalt his mention ) said: “The one who imitates people other than us (i.e., in faith) is not from us. Do not imitate the Jews or the Christians.” Anonymous

Again I arise a question here that what if I discover a day, say "pencil day" and I announce it's celebration every year. Since I am a Muslim other than Jewish and Christians thereby the peoples can follow me and celebrate this day. And as far as my knowledge is concerned, I don't think that the imitation of a Muslim is prohibited in Islam... So my argument says that the Ayahs and hadiths quoted above must be telling us something different.

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islam may not allow birthdays to be celebrated if it goes against the sharia (law) for example music, dancing , alcohol and anything else prohibited. The best way to celebrate your birthday is to say alhamdulilah and praise Allah for allowing you to live for another year. :)

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Welcome to Islam. That's an incomplete answer and below the standards we are seeking here. Please reread the question being asked and elaborate your answer. And also go through How to Answer. –  Bleeding Fingers Feb 4 '14 at 22:10

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