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How do the Malaki school of fiqh (islamic jurisdiction) make the Tasleem at the end of salat? I have heard that if someone was praying with you at your side then you can just say the salams to that side (the right side).

I would like to know, how do the Malaki school of fiqh make Tasleem in salat?

Also, I would like to know what hadith is used and if it is authentic, or what other sources they cite for this ruling.

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According to the Maliki school:

  • only one salam (Tasleemah تسليمة) is wajib (obligatory - required). And they rely on this Hadith as a proof that only one single tasleemah is required:

    Aishah narrated: "Allah's Messenger would say one Taslim for the Salat while facing forward and turning to his right side a little."

    عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يُسَلِّمُ فِي الصَّلاَةِ تَسْلِيمَةً وَاحِدَةً تِلْقَاءَ وَجْهِهِ يَمِيلُ إِلَى الشِّقِّ الأَيْمَنِ شَيْئًا ‏

    [Jami` at-Tirmidhi]

    So the way this tasleemah is done is "facing forward and turning to right side a little."

    There are different opinions about the authenticity of this Haidth; Hakim Al-Nishaburi said it's sahih based on the paradigm of Bukhari and Muslim, and Al-Dhahabi agreed with him, and some other Hadith scholars agreed with them too. While many Hadith scholars said it's a weak (da'if) Hadith.

  • In addition, it's mustahab (recommended) for the person who is praying behind an Imam to make salam towards the Imam but in his heart (i.e without turning his head towards the Imam).

    And also if there's someone praying on his left side (in Jama'ah) then it's mustahab to make salam towards him, but again in his heart (i.e, without turning his head to the left).

    This is based on what Ahmad Al-Dardir (a Maliki scholar) said in his book الشرح الكبير when he was mentioning the Sunan of the Salat:

    والحادية عشر: رد مقتد على إمامه مشيرا له بقلبه لا برأسه، ثم يسن رده على يساره وبه أحد أي من المأمومين أدرك ركعة مع إمامه ولو صبيا

    And the eleventh (sunnah) is that a follower (person praying behind an Imam) reply toward the Imam (i.e, say salam in return) in his heart and without turning his head towards the Imam, and it's also sunnah to return the salam to the left if there's someone no the left who prayed at least rak'ah in the jama'ah, even if he was a child.

Hope that's helpful, references: this, this, and this.

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Just for the record, Shafi'i also believe that only the right tasleem is fard, but the left is sunnah mu'akkadah and should also be performed. Hanafi believe both are fard. I do not know about Hanbali. –  Mahmoud Al-Qudsi Feb 13 '13 at 6:52
    
Also for the record, the Hadith mentioning this is inauthentic/weak/Da'eef. –  Mujahid مجاهد Feb 14 '13 at 1:57
    
@AlUmmat: There are disagreement about the authenticity of that hadith, as mentioned right below it. –  Tamer Shlash Feb 14 '13 at 3:11

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