Muslims are given equal rights in the non-muslim world such as in the west. They are free to practice their religion, faith, can serve in military, have freedom of speech and can even be head of the state (by Law). Is the same true in Islam also for a minority group? How does Islam treat minority?
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In response to the part about whether non-Muslims get the same rights as Muslims in Muslim states:
Non-muslims living in an Islamic state should have (almost) all rights Muslims have. Everything a Muslim is entitled to do is entitled to non-Muslims as well, except for specific rules:
(This may not be a comprehensive list.)
It's noteworthy that Christians and Jews have the right to be judged according to either their religious rules or to Islamic rules.
Islam clearly states that a true believer should do Husn-e-sulook i.e. a respectful behaviour with others.
There are several verses.
For the poor and needy
Couple of observations: - It's contested if Muslims have equal rights in the West to practice their faith. Their faith for instance is a complete way of life where Western courts do not recognise their marital law, penal codes, financial transactions etc It thus means when there are problems, there is no recourse to law. In other aspects of social life, it's noticed that public azaans are generally not permitted and the recent debates about burqas/hijabs and associated bans fuel the controversy.