I am new to Islam and wondering whether or not the Qur'an states that Jesus was crucified on a cross.
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Qur'an does talk about it:
That is, the Qur'an says that it was made to look like he was crucified however he was not. It was someone else who took his place.
Side Notes / Points of interest:
Some Christian Gnostics also believe he was not Crucified:
The Second Treatise of The Great Seth
AND The Gospel of Judas never mentions the event at all! Quite surprising considering Judas' (يهوذا) role in Jesus' life.
FYI, The Christian Gnostic Gospel of Judas pre date the 4 Gospels kept in the New Testament.
Logically, it would be really hard to know if was crucified - however if that is what you believe, it's your belief. What is important is that we love God, the single creator God, the God of Abraham/אַבְרָהָם/Ibrahim/إبراهيم. Remember that as the name of Abraham changes in each language, God, YHWH, and Allah refer to the one single God - which some of us worship differently.
This is what Quran says about Jesus PBUH:
According to Shia Islam he was not crucified but was raised to sky and will save humanity from Dajjal and Jesus PBUH will pray behind Mahdi AJ. But God changed shape of his hypocrite companions to the shape of Jesus PBUH to punish him. So he was arrested and curified instead of Jesus PBUH. shia Muslims believe Jesus PBUH is alive but like 12th Imam of shia (Imam Mahdi AJ. who is in occultation currently) and they both will return at ends of times. Hided from public but not from all.
Also a movie about life of Jesus PBUH is made based on believes of Shia Islam that watching is useful about learning view of Shia Islam regarding this issue.
References and further info:
This is the proof from the holy Qur'an that Jesus (PBUH) was not crucified
Surat An-Nisā' (The Women)