Under the assumption that keeping a dog itself is haram, can Muslims keep pets such as foxes or wolves, which are closely related to dogs but not actually full-breed dogs?
Or can they not keep anything that is in the dog family as a pet?
Most Scholars see that wolves and other predators are not “Najas” as dogs, however having them as pets is another subject detailed below.
The main Rule is keeping animals is permisable except for the ones mentioned (dogs and pigs) or harmful animals that have no use for humans.
Thus it’s allowed to keep a fox or a wolf if there is a need for that, and if you can take good care of them. (Said: Shehab Al-Din Al Ramly).
If there is no need for them, scholars say not to have them because it is a waste of time and money:
Scholars say you may keep such animals (wolf, lion, tirger, etc… ) if you can train them to hunt (for it’s master not for itself) or to guard, while it’s guaranteed not to attack or harm others, but if there is any risk in keeping them then it’s forbidden to keep them, on the contrary they should be killed:
Malik said in the Muwatta:
Some scholars said the bear and lion cannot be trained for hunt for their master, because they will have their hunt for them selves, so they do not see they can be kept.
The general view is that everything is permissible unless there is a verse in the Quran or a hadith that would say it is prohibited. Since we know from many hadiths that keeping dogs is not allowed (check the link above in the comment section). However, That was for dogs specifically. The evidence to support my claim is that we don't use foxes or wolves to guard the herd or the sheep.
So you can assume that keeping foxes and wolves...etc is allowed in Islam.
protected by Community♦ Dec 16 '14 at 1:20
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