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Under the assumption that keeping a dog itself is haram, can Muslims keep pets such as foxes or wolves, which are closely related to dogs but not actually full-breed dogs? Or can they not keep anything that is in the dog family as a pet?

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I think the answer same this –  MYamanT Jul 15 '12 at 6:13
This question addresses dogs, wolves, etc. specifically, not pets in general. –  ashes999 Jul 17 '12 at 17:42

2 Answers 2

The general view is that everything is permissible unless there is a verse in the Quran or a hadith that would say it is prohibited. Since we know from many hadiths that keeping dogs is not allowed (check the link above in the comment section). However, That was for dogs specifically. The evidence to support my claim is that we don't use foxes or wolves to guard the herd or the sheep.

So you can assume that keeping foxes and wolves...etc is allowed in Islam.

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Aren't wild carnivores a danger to domestic pets and harmful towards humans? –  Farhan Nov 11 '13 at 15:22

Lets define dog first [from wikipedia]

The domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris or Canis familiaris) is a domesticated canid which has been selectively bred for millennia for various behaviors, sensory capabilities, and physical attributes.

Now what's a canid

The biological family Canidae /ˈkænɨdiː/ [2] is a lineage of carnivorans that includes dogs, wolves, foxes, jackals, and many other extant and extinct dog-like mammals. A member of this family is called a canid (/ˈkænɨd/, /ˈkeɪnɨd/).[3] The Canidae family is divided into two tribes: the Canini (dogs, wolves, jackals, and some south American "foxes") and the Vulpini (true foxes).

Lets continue with assumption of a dog being any of the animal viz wolf, jackal.... and so on.

Under the assumption that keeping a dog itself is haram,

I would differ that keeping dog is haraam. Dogs when kept to guard livestock, a hunting dog, or a farm dog is allowed.[1] For any other purposes each day Qirat is deducted from his reward and Qirat is like a great mountain.[2]

So to answer in brief Whoever keeps a (pet) dog which is neither a watch dog nor a hunting dog, will get a daily deduction of two Qirat from his good deeds[3]

[1]: http://www.sunnah.com/tirmidhi/18/32

[2]: http://www.sunnah.com/nasai/21/179

[3]: http://www.sunnah.com/bukhari/72/6

Allahu Alam - Allah SWT knows the best.

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