Should people die as Muslim to get the chance for going Paradise? If they do not die as Muslim, will they punished in the hell forever?
Do non-Muslims have chance to go to Paradise?
If they were following their prophet at his time, then they have a chance to go to heaven. For example Jews have a chance to go heaven at the time of Moses (pbuh) and Christians also have that chance at the time of Jesus (pbuh). But if any one follows any religion other than Islam after Mohammed (pbuh) became the prophet then no chance to go to heaven as stated clearly in Quran:
The Tafsir for the above Aya is:
And from Sunnah:
According to Shi'a islam, the answer is Yes.
Islam classifies non-muslims into two groups,
The latter group i.e group 2, have a chance to go to heaven, if they satisfy certain conditions.
For more information about the conditions, please refer
As adopilot said, no one on Earth deserves to go to Jannah but Allah is All Merciful. If He wills someone to go to Jannah than it is up to Him and the same is if he wills someone to go to Hell. It is said in the Qur'an Allah will not punish anyone who the message was not sent to.
But those who heard the message and became or chose a different religion after hearing yhe truth and becoming aware of it than those are the losers Allah says:
Allah can do as He wills, he can forgive who He wills and punish Whom He wills and there is no one that can stop Him, and remember if Nations gathered to benefit you, they can only benefit you with what Allah has only prescribed for you.
It depends on what you mean by Muslim. The term in Quran has a complex meaning and often used to refer not to the followers of our prophet and the set of laws that he was given (i.e. the Muslim used these days) but to refer to those who truly submit to God's will. The followers of the prophet are typically referred to as "الذین آمنوآ" i.e. "those who believed". See my post here for further explanation of the usage and meaning of the words "Muslim" and "Islam" in Quran.
If your intended meaning is the later one, then then entering seems hard and regarding this meaning, Quran says in verse 3:83-85:
(Though it will be God's decision and he may forgive whomever he wants to, so this phrase doesn't mean they may never enter paradise.)
Regarding the other meaning of "Muslims" which is more common these days and is probably what you meant, i.e. the followers of the prophet Mohammad (PBUH), in verse 2:61 Quran states:
This has been interpreted as stating that whomever believes in God and the last day and does good will go to paradise. So according to Quran, non-Muslims can go to paradise.
There are also verses where it stated that those who are called Muslims (i.e. following the Islamic culture and laws) may go to hell. From Quran's perspective, what is mainly important is believing in God and the last day and doing good, being member of a culture or a religion doesn't imply much by itself. For example, verse 2:214 says:
Or in verse 29:2 it says:
The answer to your question is no. But that does not mean every muslim will go to heaven.
It is given in the Quran -
It means that there are certain criterias for a person to attain Paradise.
There is also a point said earlier in the Quran -
But that does not mean that all muslims will go to Paradise. He also has to accept and follow the above 3 points as well.
So in all we need to follow 4 points to be sure of going in Paradise.
But then you might ask -
Then I answer-
Take the case of Christianity. Never in the whole Bible did Jesus (PBUH) say that he is God.
Following are his words from the Bible-
Here Father is referred to God.
And another verse
Also Jesus' ancestor / forefather Abraham (PBUH), who was also a prophet, Allah says in the Quran to worship as he worships.
Allah also mentions
Even in Judaism the story is similar. (i have not read any jewish scriptures so i do not quote from them) I leave a quote from the Quran.
Allah considers Moses, the most important prophet in Jewish scriptures, as his own prophet and Allah even says that he was specially chosen as a messenger to spread the word of Allah.
Even in Hinduism there is said to be a Muhammad Veda which says a lot about the prophet and his teachings (I haven't much researched on this topic)
It seems to me that not all the Muslims (i.e. being titled as Muslim, Shia or Sunni) are easily sent to heaven and not all those titled as Non-Muslims are sent to hell. It depends. Allah has explained this as:
But the point is that Islam here points to being a true obeyer (Tasleem) to God, not necessarily Muslim as is commonly understood from the title. Evidence for this the following verse:
According to Shia Islam, if I'm right, whoever that is not considered as an enemy of God and his friends has the chance to go to heaven, as they may don't know about the God's friends (like the prophet S.A. and his Ahl-ol-Beit A.S.). It is not hard to understand. Someone who is not enemy of another it means he either like him or doesn't know him carefully. For example is it close to impossible that a Christian who respect honesty and trustworthy and forgiveness and any other good attributes dislikes Allah (who has asked him to respect the goods and avoid the bads) and his friends (the best patterns for gathering all the good attributes in one person). Also note the following verses in this respect:
Also maybe a key explanation of that is the Al-Asr surah whose listener is Man (people) and not only Muslims by title:
Nobody on earth who lived do not desert to go to paradise without Allah's mercy.
There is one story about men who lived nice Islamic life devoted to Allah and when he died, He was asked do you want to be judged by God's mercy or according to your works. Man said I want to be judged by my works. Then he was told your works and life value only as your one eye.
We have Qur'an , Sunnet to follow and to hope for the Best at Judgment Day, nobody beside Allah should declare someone inhabitant of hell or vice versa