Should people die as Muslims to get the chance to go to Paradise? If they don't die as Muslims, will they get punished in hell forever?
Do non-Muslims have chance to go to Paradise?
If they were following their prophet at his time, then they have a chance to go to heaven. For example Jews have a chance to go heaven at the time of Moses (pbuh) and Christians also have that chance at the time of Jesus (pbuh). But if any one follows any religion other than Islam after Mohammed (pbuh) became the prophet then no chance to go to heaven as stated clearly in Quran:
The Tafsir for the above Aya is:
And from Sunnah:
As adopilot said, no one on Earth deserves to go to Jannah but Allah is All Merciful. If He wills someone to go to Jannah than it is up to Him and the same is if he wills someone to go to Hell. It is said in the Qur'an Allah will not punish anyone who the message was not sent to.
But those who heard the message and became or chose a different religion after hearing the truth and becoming aware of it than those are the losers Allah says:
Allah can do as He wills, he can forgive whom He wills and punish Whom He wills and there is no one who can stop Him, and remember if Nations gathered to benefit you, they can only benefit you with what Allah has prescribed for you.
It seems to me that not all the Muslims (i.e. being titled as Muslim, Shia or Sunni) are easily sent to heaven and not all those titled as Non-Muslims are sent to hell. It depends. Allah has explained this as:
But the point is that Islam here points to being a true obeyer (Tasleem) to God, not necessarily Muslim as is commonly understood from the title. Evidence for this the following verse:
According to Shia Islam, if I'm right, whoever that is not considered as an enemy of God and his friends has the chance to go to heaven, as they may don't know about the God's friends (like the prophet S.A. and his Ahl-ol-Beit A.S.). It is not hard to understand. Someone who is not enemy of another it means he either like him or doesn't know him carefully. For example is it close to impossible that a Christian who respect honesty and trustworthy and forgiveness and any other good attributes dislikes Allah (who has asked him to respect the goods and avoid the bads) and his friends (the best patterns for gathering all the good attributes in one person). Also note the following verses in this respect:
Also maybe a key explanation of that is the Al-Asr surah whose listener is Man (people) and not only Muslims by title:
The answer to your question is no. But that does not mean every Muslim will go to heaven.
It is given in the Quran -
It means that there are certain criteria for a person to attain Paradise.
There is also a point said earlier in the Quran -
But that does not mean that all Muslims will go to Paradise. He also has to accept and follow the above 3 points as well.
So in all we need to follow 4 points to be sure of going in Paradise.
But then you might ask -
Then I answer-
Take the case of Christianity. Never in the whole Bible did Jesus (PBUH) say that he is God.
Following are his words from the Bible-
Here Father is referred to God.
And another verse
Also Jesus' ancestor / forefather Abraham (PBUH), who was also a prophet, Allah says in the Quran to worship as he worships.
Allah also mentions
Even in Judaism the story is similar. (i have not read any Jewish scriptures so i do not quote from them) I leave a quote from the Quran.
Allah considers Moses, the most important prophet in Jewish scriptures, as his own prophet and Allah even says that he was specially chosen as a messenger to spread the word of Allah.
Even in Hinduism there is said to be a Muhammad Veda which says a lot about the prophet and his teachings (I haven't much researched on this topic)
According to Shi'a Islam, the answer is Yes.
Islam classifies non-Muslims into two groups,
The latter group i.e. group 2, have a chance to go to heaven, if they satisfy certain conditions.
For more information about the conditions, please refer
Nobody on earth who lived do not desert to go to paradise without Allah's mercy.
There is one story about men who lived nice Islamic life devoted to Allah and when he died, He was asked do you want to be judged by God's mercy or according to your works. Man said I want to be judged by my works. Then he was told your works and life value only as your one eye.
We have Qur'an , Sunnet to follow and to hope for the Best at Judgment Day, nobody beside Allah should declare someone inhabitant of hell or vice versa
It depends on what you mean by Muslim. The term in Quran has a complex meaning and often used to refer not to the followers of our prophet and the set of laws that he was given (i.e. the Muslim used these days) but to refer to those who truly submit to God's will. The followers of the prophet are typically referred to as "الذین آمنوآ" i.e. "those who believed". See my post here for further explanation of the usage and meaning of the words "Muslim" and "Islam" in Quran.
If your intended meaning is the later one, then then entering seems hard and regarding this meaning, Quran says in verse 3:83-85:
(Though it will be God's decision and he may forgive whomever he wants to, so this phrase doesn't mean they may never enter paradise.)
Regarding the other meaning of "Muslims" which is more common these days and is probably what you meant, i.e. the followers of the prophet Mohammad (PBUH), in verse 2:61 Quran states:
This has been interpreted as stating that whomever believes in God and the last day and does good will go to paradise. So according to Quran, non-Muslims can go to paradise.
There are also verses where it stated that those who are called Muslims (i.e. following the Islamic culture and laws) may go to hell. From Quran's perspective, what is mainly important is believing in God and the last day and doing good, being member of a culture or a religion doesn't imply much by itself. For example, verse 2:214 says:
Or in verse 29:2 it says:
This answer can also be found under this thread [ Do disbelievers automatically go to hell? ]
Traditional scholarship tend to have this opinion that anyone who is not a Muslim, doesn't have any chance at salvation. The evidence that is brought forward for this is from Ale-Imran.
However, IMHO this opinion stems from a misconception that Islam started with Muhammad and only a person who follows this brand of Islam has a chance at salvation.
Quran negates this concept. It emphasizes that titles or relation with a certain sect is not a basis of salvation. It gives the example of Abraham, by saying that he was neither a so called "Muslim", a "Christian" or a "Jew" but was a true believer.
Islam according to my understanding is not a separate religion per se, but a continuation of all that was revealed before. As far as Quran is concerned, 'Muslim' is not a title. A person despite belonging to any of the above groups would be a Muslim if he performs the act of submission. It doesn’t limit salvation to any group but lays down 3 criterion in Al-Baqarah:62.
Now all that being said, what about those people who still miss on some of the above criterion? For example, Agnostics, Polytheists, Atheists, etc. Do they have no chance at salvation?
To answer this, we have to rely on our common sense, natural law, and sense of justice. When Quran speaks about Justice, it’s not speaking of it in sense that is alien to us. It talks about justice exactly how we under what justice is. If somebody is unable to fathom or understand to his satisfaction any of the above defined criteria, his case rest with Allah. Since Allah proclaims that he is Just, he would stay true to the requirements of Justice as we know it in this world. If somebody have valid reasons, and justice demands that he be pardoned, He would do it.
A major problem that I find with most traditional understandings is that they tend to adopt a very strict opinion from the word go. And when that opinion doesn’t fit our sense of justice in certain valid situations, exceptions are introduced to the original opinion. I don’t mean to offend any one but simply want to point out the answer given above by @RehanUllah as an example of introducing such exceptions.
From the translation Muhammad Asad:
Another scholar Javed Ahmed Ghamdi has emphasized the same fact in his book Meezan, which is in Urdu. I am pasting a link to an article (in English) written by one of his colleague from his website. http://www.javedahmadghamidi.com/renaissance/view/will-christians-enter-paradise-or-go-to-hell
For all we know, non-Muslims may indeed have a chance to avoid hellfire. The actual statements regarding hellfire are directed in the first instance against those who are Muslim, telling them that they must not abandon Islam. Hellfire properly awaits those who reject the truth. It is not clear what happens to those who never hear the truth.
As for paradise, it is a reward for those of faith who do good. Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) could direct non-Muslims to paradise though I doubt it. It would seem to me more just to simply make them non-existent, especially if that is what they believe will happen to them anyway. But why should we worry about what happens to them? It is not for us to judge the judgement of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى). Furthermore, how do you know that at the exact moment of death every living thing is not given the proof that is necessary to see the true path? We must have faith that Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) is all-knowing, all-powerful, all-just, all-merciful. If Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) wills it, it will be done and remember that a true unbeliever will reject Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) even when the unbeliever acknowledges the truth.
In addition, you must remember that the Quran was revealed orally to a community and it was to that community that it was directed. That is similar to statements in the Bible. Basically, once a Muslim, always a Muslim. As to the rest, well, the Quran does not really speak too much about them directly. Why should it? It does indicate that other people of the book are saved if they follow their book because those were also given by prophets. The Quran is directed at those who hear the word. By the way, one should not read it in translation anyway.
Muslims spend too much time worrying about what happens to others and what will happen to themselves. This is a very narrow view. A proper approach is submission. Submit to the will of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) and trust His judgment.
protected by Community♦ Oct 31 '14 at 18:04
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