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In the answer #13271 of the question "Did the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) wash his hands before eating?", the user mentions that the two quoted hadiths are considered part of Faza'il-e-A'maal (فضائل الاعمال).

What exactly does that mean? And what are the conditions that, if met, make a hadith be one of Faza'il-e-A'mal?

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2 Answers 2

Fada'il al-A`mal literally means "The Virtues of Deeds." In this case, it is referring to a book compiled nearly 100 years ago by a Deobandi scholar (Muhammad Zakariyya Kandahlwi) which is very popular among Deobandi and Tablighi Jama`at circles as an easy-to-understand-and-implement book for lay Muslims. The book has attracted significant criticism for its inclusion of extremely weak and fabricated stories.

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In Sharia, we are not allowed to use weak hadiths to derive Fiqh and Ahkahm rules.

Sahih(Authentic) and Good(Hasan) hadiths are the only hadiths which can be used for that. Thus, any Hadith:

  • Weak (not fabricated nor really weak).

  • has contents which don't state something is halal or haram.

  • People do "r assume that the hadith is a sunnah of the prophet.

  • There exists another verse or/and hadith which confirms this Hadith (example below).

  • Only enjoin good and forbid bad deeds (i.e: Be kind to parents, remembering allah when entering markets, etc..)

Such Hadiths fall under the criteria of Faza'il-e-A'maal (فضائل الاعمال).


For example, the hadith below is an example of weak hadith. However, There are verses in the Quran that confrims this hadith.

Ibn 'Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, "If anyone constantly seeks pardon (from Allah), Allah will appoint for him a way out of every distress and a relief from every anxiety, and will provide sustenance for him from where he expects not."

[Abu Dawud - Sunnah.com]

The veses that backs this hadith:

http://quran.com/71/9-12, this http://quran.com/11/3, and this


Note: There is a book called Faza'il-e-A'maal. Check Ansari's answer for more information.

Please don't confuse between these two. One is a book and the other one is a concept

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