As you probably see, Shias (every year) mourn for the martyrdom of Imam Hussein (a.s.) in different ways. I was wondering why we should mourn for the killing of Imam Al Hussein (علیه السلام)?
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Both Shia and Sunnis agree that the martyr of Hussien(May Allah be pleased with him) is one of the most tragic incidents in Islam. However, Sunnis and Shia differ on the way we should mourn the martyr of Hussain(May Allah be pleased with him).
In Short: The shia should show sadness and grief on this day to celebrate the martyr of Hussein.
According to Imam Reza:
Why do Shia do this?
Celebrating it every year reminds Shia Muslims about this tragic event, remind them about Hussien(May Allah be pleased with him), his teachings, and a way to increase the good deeds or even entering Jannah
Moreover, There are many hadiths which goes back to Imam Sadiq state that mourning and crying increase your deeds and status in Jannah:
Another reason for mourning Hussein every year, which has been mentioned by Lynda Clarke in her publication: "Shīʻite Heritage: Essays on Classical and Modern Traditions"
How do Shia celebrate this ?
This differs between different sects of Shia or different groups:
In short: The martyrdom of Hussein(May Allah be pleased with him) happened on the day of Ashura. In Sunnis hadith, the Prophet fast this day as a celebration because Allah save Musa(Moses) on this day. Thus, showing sadness contradicts the orders of the Prophet (PBUH)
Contrary to Shia, Teachings of Sunnis restrict them from mourning Hussein(May Allah be pleased with him) in the same way as Shia do it.
What are the restrictions that prohibit Sunnis from mourning?
This is how Sunni Muslims deal with tragic events. Although sadness can never be avoided, the Prophet(PBUH) showed us that we should move on and never be sad. It is just a waste of time crying the whole day or week on something happened and never can be changed again.
How do sunnis mourn Hussein(May Allah be pleased with him)?
There is no authentic hadith or way in Islam which explains how Sunnis should mourn Hussein(May Allah be pleased with him). However, Scholars suggest Sunnis to mourn him by any permissible(halal) way, such as: